Making Open Science the new normal for transport research

“The BE OPEN project final event was held online on June 9th, 2021, shedding light on the topic of “Making Open Science the new normal for transport research”.

Programme and presentations of the event are available on the project page: https://beopen-project.eu/events/making-open-science-the-new-normal-for-transport-research …”

 

“No Publication Favelas! Latin America’s Vision for Open Access” by Monica Berger | ACRL 2021 presentation

by Monica Berger, CUNY New York City College of Technology

Abstract: Open access was intended to be the great equalizer but its promise has not come to fruition in many lower-income countries of the Global South. Under-resourcing is only one of the many reasons why these scholars and publishers are marginalized. In order to examine inequality in our global scholarly communications system, we can compare a negative and a positive outgrowth of this imbalance. Predatory publishing represents a a weak imitation of traditional, commercial journal publishing. In contrast, Latin America’s community-based, quality scholarly infrastructure is anti-colonial. It can be argued that Latin America’s publishing infrastructure represents one solution to predatory publishing. As the future of open access is debated, it is critical that we look to Latin America as we support new models that reject legacy commercial journal publishing and support bibliodiversity.

Jeffrey Beall infamously called Brazil’s SciELO a “publishing favela” or slum. Yet Latin America represents an important exception to the problem of underdevelopment of scholarly communications in the Global South. In order to begin to better understand the marginalization of the Global South and Latin America’s success, we need to unpack the history of open access, its overemphasis on the reader as opposed to the author, and how notions of development influenced its discourse. This focus on the reader is neo-Colonialist, positioning scholars from the Global South as “downloaders” and not “uploaders,” whose scholarship is peripheral.

Lacking alternative publishing options, predatory publishing, or amateurish, low quality publishing, exploited this gap. In its pathetic imitation of international, corporate publishing, predatory publishing is neo-Colonial and a form of “faux” open access where subaltern authors, editors, and publishers poorly imitate Global North corporate publishing. Predatory publishing is a sad simulacra with real world damage. Since predatory publishing is overwhelming based in the Global South and many of its authors based in the Global South, it tarnishes the reputation of all scholarship from less developed countries. In contrast, predatory authorship and publishing are rare in Latin America.

Latin America is an exemplar of sustainable and humane open access. Heather Morrison deemed Latin American as a “long-time peerless leader in open access.” The advent of Plan S, a rapid flip to open access, is accelerating the co-option of open access by large, commercial publishers predicating a variety of negative outcomes. In contrast, the Latin American concept of bibliodiversity represents an important alternative model. No one size fits all and a local vision governs. Bibliodiversity interrogates the presumption that all scholarship must be English-language. It also values indigenous and local knowledge as well as lay readers. Redalyc and SciELO include measures for research collaboration. Various regional scholarly organizations cooperate, sharing expertise, providing training in editorial and technical best practices. This cooperation has expanded to a global scale. The Confederation of Open Access Repositories and SPARC are partnering with LA Referencia and others, expanding Latin America’s vision globally, generating a meaningful alternative model for open access.

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Slides with talk transcript and sources as presented at the Association of College and Research Libraries conference, ACRL 2021: Ascending into an Open Future, held virtually, April 16, 2021.

Community of Practice – OA2020 US Working Group and Community of Practice

“The OA2020 Community of Practice was established to expand the shared knowledge and implementation of OA (open access) and transformative agreement principles and mechanisms.

The number of new open access and transformative agreements is rapidly growing, yet an understanding of how they work is far from universal.  Mutual exchanges of ideas, tactics, and a deeper knowledge of the current and potential models will foster opportunities for open access publishing on a larger scale. 

Experienced OA and transformative agreement pioneers share their experiences and approaches and collaboratively address emerging issues and models. Collectively, the Community discusses such topics as the importance of data analysis in agreements, faculty and institutional buy-in, and the impact of shifting funding models and workflows into open access….”

DEI Project in Latin America: Plan and preliminary findings | Global OER Graduate Network (GO-GN)

“DEI Project in Latin America: Plan and preliminary findings” by Carina Bossu and Viviane Vladimirschi was presented at the 2 March 2021 GO-GN webinar. Blog posts:

Proyecto DEI en Latinoamérica: Plan y resultados preliminares: http://go-gn.net/webinars/proyecto-dei-en-latinoamerica-plan-y-resultados-preliminares/
Projeto DEI na América Latina–Plano e dados preliminares: http://go-gn.net/webinars/projeto-dei-na-america-latina-plano-e-dados-preliminares/
DEI Project in Latin America: Plan and preliminary findings: http://go-gn.net/webinars/dei-project-in-latin-america-plan-and-preliminary-findings/

DEI Project in Latin America: Plan and preliminary findings | Global OER Graduate Network (GO-GN)

“DEI Project in Latin America: Plan and preliminary findings” by Carina Bossu and Viviane Vladimirschi was presented at the 2 March 2021 GO-GN webinar. Blog posts:

Proyecto DEI en Latinoamérica: Plan y resultados preliminares: http://go-gn.net/webinars/proyecto-dei-en-latinoamerica-plan-y-resultados-preliminares/
Projeto DEI na América Latina–Plano e dados preliminares: http://go-gn.net/webinars/projeto-dei-na-america-latina-plano-e-dados-preliminares/
DEI Project in Latin America: Plan and preliminary findings: http://go-gn.net/webinars/dei-project-in-latin-america-plan-and-preliminary-findings/