Elsevier charge for re-use of author-paid Open Access article in teaching

The legacy publishers are not shy of promoting “their” latest articles under the #openaccess twitter tag. Here’s todays from Elsevier. You might think that when an author had paid APCs to publish an article as “Open Access” you’d be allowed to use it for teaching 50 students. But no. I asked for permission – as an academic – to re-use 3 pictures from this article for teaching. And I am to be charged 82 dollars for

Let’s review …

  • Bowen and colleagues do some research.
  • They draw the diagrams to support the research
  • They PAY Elsevier so the whole world can read this

And Elsevier still refuse to allow this to be used for teaching without additional payment.

So what happens?

Either the lecturers break the law and show the pictures to the students. Or they refuse to show the pictures, which is bad education and bad science and immoral.

And no-one except me and a few others get angry. Because after all it’s only taxpayers’ money we are spending anyway.


Does the Royal Society of Chemistry “deliver on its commitments” on Open Access?

Nearly a year ago I blogged that the Royal Society of Chemistry was charging ca 100 USD per student for re-use of a 2-page “Open Access” article (http://blogs.ch.cam.ac.uk/pmr/2012/11/06/royal-society-of-chemistry-will-charge-students-for-re-using-gold-open-access-articles ). The RSC has responded (very slowly) and in June replied to this blog: http://blogs.ch.cam.ac.uk/pmr/2012/11/06/royal-society-of-chemistry-will-charge-students-for-re-using-gold-open-access-articles/#comment-138142 :

An update, to show we deliver on our commitments:

We’ve fixed the Rights Permissions problem on OA articles. Now also clear licence information on the article, including CC-BY as an option.

e.g. http://doi.org/mt4

So I went back to the article:

Clicked on “Request permissions” and got:

So just the same 100 USD per student. This has been “fixed”? “Delivering on commitments”? Doesn’t look as if the RSC even tried it (it takes 2 minutes to check).

Now I don’t suspect that RSC are deliberately continuing to try to charge people for Open Access articles. But it raises the question of their competence – and probably many other publishers – in assuming that Open Access articles are managed properly. And any errors seem to be in the publishers’ favour.




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Physiological Reports Publishes issue 1.2

Physiological ReportsPhysiological Reports has now closed its latest issue. Below are the articles which have been highlighted by Editor-in-Chief Susan Wray from this issue:

purple_lock_open The distribution of the preferred directions of the ON–OFF direction selective ganglion cells in the rabbit retina requires refinement after eye opening
Ya-Chien Chan and Chuan-Chin Chiao
Summary: The present study shows that the preferred directions of selective ganglion cells (DSGCs) at around the time of eye opening are not distinctly segregated but rather are diffusely distributed along four canonical axes. We also demonstrate that the diffuse pattern of preferred direction distribution does not correlate with the directional tuning strength of DSGCs, indicating that the maturations of direction selectivity and preferred direction are independent processes. Our finding indicates that four subtypes of DSGCs undergo significant refinement after eye opening to reach their adult form.

purple_lock_open Decreased stability of erythroblastic islands in integrin ?3-deficient mice
Zhenghui Wang, Olga Vogel, Gisela Kuhn, Max Gassmann and Johannes Vogel
Summary: Erythropoiesis, a quite unique biological process, creates the only a-nucleated cell of our body, the red blood cell (RBC). It crucially requires a specialized microstructure called erythroblastic island (EI) for timing of erythroblast differentiation including extrusion of the nucleus and release of the young RBCs into the circulation. Here we provide new and unexpected data as to a role of integrin ?3 for timing the final detachment of young RBCs from EI. For example membranes of peripheral RBCs of integrin ?3 deficient mice contained calnexin, a chaperone that is normally completely lost during terminal differentiation of reticulocytes prior to their release into the circulation.

purple_lock_open Subcutaneous adipose tissue transplantation in diet-induced obese mice attenuates metabolic dysregulation while removal exacerbates it
Michelle T. Foster, Samir Softic, Jody Caldwell, Rohit Kohli, Annette D. deKloet and Randy J. Seeley
Summary: Leptin (A) and insulin (B) concentrations were significantly increased in all HFD groups, but those with heterotransplantations. Heterotransplantation restored insulin and leptin levels to chow control levels, whereas removal of subcutaneous adipose tissue induced increases greater than HFD control mice. Although hepatic insulin sensitivity was decreased by HFD, heterotransplantation in HFD mice restored hepatic insulin sensitivity to chow controls levels (C). Subcutaneous fat removal in HFD fed mice did not changes hepatic insulin sensitivity. Different letters indicate significance P ? 0.05.

purple_lock_open Portable acoustic myography – a realistic noninvasive method for assessment of muscle activity and coordination in human subjects in most home and sports settings
Adrian P. Harrison, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe and Else M. Bartels
Summary: Muscle sound gives a local picture of muscles involved in a particular movement and is independent of electrical signals between nerves and muscle fibres. Our aim was to develop a setup for muscle-sound assessment, which could be reliably applied in any local setting. Sound recording was shown to be an easy non-invasive method for assessment of muscle function during movement with the possibility of being applied in most clinical, sports and home settings.

The first 100 articles accepted for publication in the journal are free of charge. There is still time to submit a paper to the journal and have the publication fee waived.
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American Neurological Association and Wiley launch New Open Access Journal

LSJ-13-55252-WOAI-NW-ACTN-CoverWiley and the American Neurological Association (ANA) announced today a partnership to launch Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, a new online-only, open access journal. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology  will publish original research and scholarly reviews focused on the mechanisms and treatments of diseases of the nervous system, high-impact topics in neurologic education and other topics of interest to the clinical neuroscience community.

The journal is supported by Annals of Neurology, which is owned by the ANA, co-sponsored by the Child Neurology Society and published by Wiley. With a 2013 Impact Factor of 11.193, Annals of Neurology is among the most prestigious peer-reviewed clinical neurology journals worldwide. The high selectivity of Annals of Neurology will support the development of Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology and provide global community of researchers and clinicians with a dynamic outlet for scientific and clinical content.

“We are extremely excited to offer a journal that taps into the extraordinary clinical and translational science that is being conducted in our neurology departments across the world,” said ANA President Eva L. Feldman, MD, PhD, the Russell N. DeJong Professor of Neurology at the University of Michigan. “By offering an open access journal, the ANA can provide another publishing platform for investigators committed to understanding and treating disorders of the nervous system. Ultimately that benefits both the fields of neuroscience and neurology and will lead to the development of new and much needed therapies.”

John “Jack” Kessler, MD, has been appointed Editor-in-Chief of Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology. Dr. Kessler is the Ken and Ruth Davee Professor of Stem Cell Biology at Northwestern University.

“I am honored and excited to have been chosen to be the editor of this new journal,” Kessler said. “Open access publication of clinical and scientific advances is becoming more common for biomedical research. The creation of Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology as a partner journal to the Annals of Neurology is a timely and exciting new venture that should greatly enhance the rapid dissemination of high quality research.”

“Wiley has published Annals of Neurology since 2001 and we greatly value our long-standing and highly successful partnership with the ANA,” said Shawn Morton, Journal Publishing Director for Medicine at Wiley. “We are highly optimistic that Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology will provide a timely means to further extend and develop this much-valued relationship.”

The journal will publish articles under a Creative Commons License enabling authors to be fully compliant with open access requirements of funding organizations where they apply. All articles will be published open access on Wiley Online Library and deposited in PubMed Central immediately upon publication.

A publication fee will be payable by authors on acceptance of their articles. Authors affiliated with, or funded by, an organization that has a Wiley Open Access Account can publish without directly paying any publication charges.

Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology is available at www.annalsctn.org.

#rfringe13 Consuming Linked Open Data Workshop

Today is the first (half) day of Repository Fringe in Edinburgh and we are having Workshops. Chris Gutteridge from Southampton is running one on Consuming Linked Open Data:

RDF & Linked Open Data are terms becoming more common in the repository community, but what are they and why should you care?

Open data is only useful if people are using it! This workshop will give a hyperbole-free introduction to using the technologies. Attendees will learn how to use PHP to consume RDF data and do useful things with it, including doing some stuff with bibliographic data.

This workshop will be run by Christopher Gutteridge, developer of the award winning University of Southampton Open Data Service and more recently founder of data.ac.uk, and Patrick McSweeney, notorious University of Southampton developer.

Requirements: ideally you will bring your own laptop with PHP installed (Apple & many Linux machines will have it installed by default), and a text editor. Don’t panic if you don’t have any PHP programming experience, you are welcome to buddy up with somebody who does.

Well, I like workshops and want to help make them successful so I signed up and the numbers have since trebled.

I must admit that I have no use or linking for PHP. It’s a broken language for Unicode – and I do a lot with Unicode. And it’s possible to write very bad code. But hey ho… So I went to find an installation for Windows and got into one of those chains…

“Cannot find MSCV01.dll”. Search on the web. “You must install Visual Studio C++”. What??? I thought I had seen the last of Visual Studio when Chem4Word finished. So try more search. “You need an Apache server”. You can’t install that without FTP, Fake Email Server, Tomcat, Perl and goodness knows what. So I have installed about 8 things I didn’t want to get something I didn’t want running…

But I am approaching the workshop in a very positive spirit and can now help other attendees install the same stuff…

Ok – what and why is Linked Open Data? It’s described by a mug:

The most important thing is that


The problem is that most academics don’t put their data on the web. Most academics just let their data decay. Governments are telling them that they must have data management plans. Academics ignore them. This isn’t true in bioscience or crystallography or astronomy. But:



Not quite true. Wikipedia is doing a great job of systematising data. But they can only do what people make available.



OK, let’s move to biodiversity. After all the future of our planet – in some part – depends on knowing about species and ecosystems. 10,000+ phylogenetic trees are published each year. How much of that data is on the web? Guess.

Wrong! It’s not zero. It’s 4%!

Linked Open Data is a great idea. I support it.

But you can’t link data when there isn’t any.

Well, like the first telephone, one site by itself is not much use. It’s not Linked Open Data, it’s LINKABLE. To be linkable the data provider has to:

  • Understand the data on the site and have a formal description of each bit (“semantics”). It’s no good labelling it “tree” if you don’t know whether it’s a tree preservation order or a phylogenetic tree. You need some formal of vocabulary. (Posh word is “ontology”).
  • Give each bit of data a unique identifier. The posh name is “URI”. If you make it unique on your site and combine it with the domain name that’s roughly what a URI is.
  • If the chunks of your data have relevance to other chunks of your data you can add links. Then the site is an example of internally linked open data.

But the real value of LINKED comes when others to link to it. And for that you have to:

  • Create data that other people want
  • Make it easy for them to find it and use it

And that’s very difficult. Because the academic system implicitly tells people not to do this. No reward points. So no-one does it.

Well I and my group did it. We made 200000 computational chemistry calculations available in DSpace. It was too difficult to use. It’s months of wasted work.

We’ve tried again, this time on our own server, with RDF!

No-one want to use it.

We’ve done the same for crystal structures. And now Ross and I are going to do the same for phylogenetic trees.

We are mad. We are hoping that the huge interest in Open Data (data.gov.uk, data.gov, etc) will lead people to start linking data sources. We are hoping that people want phylogenetic trees. We never learn.

The time is coming. At some stage scholars/universities will realise the value of domain repositories. Will they help support them? In the way they have poured money into Institutional Repositories? I doubt it. So the value has to come from funding bodies governments and – I think – foundations like Wikimedia who are years ahead of academia in their thinking.

Anyway today Chris is pointing us to bibliographic data. JISC supported us to create #openbib some years ago and we helped national libraries to Open their metadata and to create a protocol (BibJSON).

See you there at 1400

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