Energy Science & Engineering News

ESE coverWe are delighted to announce that Energy Science & Engineering has now published its second issue. The journal is published in partnership with the SCI (Society of Chemical Industry)

With an increasing awareness of the need for a more sustainable ways to live, food waste valorization has attracted a great deal of attention as an alternative to the disposal of a wide range of residues in landfill sites. In addition there has been an ongoing debate about ‘food-versus-fuel’ in the development of biofuels, which has initiated a search for innovative technologies that can sustainably convert non-food bioresources to liquid transportation fuels or chemicals. Recent research has focused on food waste and its potential as an energy source. Two such articles have been published in the first Energy Science & Engineering issues and are free to read, download and share.

Advances on waste valorization: new horizons for a more sustainable society by Rick Arneil D. Arancon, Carol Sze Ki Lin, King Ming Chan, Tsz Him Kwan and Rafael Luque
Summary: Advanced waste valorization practices provide an infinite number of possibilities to convert residues into chemicals, fuels, and materials. This article has already been cited in Sustainable Chemical Processes.

Biodiesel from grease interceptor to gas tank by Alyse Mary E. Ragauskas, Yunqiao Pu and Art J. Ragauskas
Summary: Most developed and developing nations require the collection and proper disposal of trap sewer fats, oils and greases (FOG). This bioresource is a valuable feedstock for biodiesel and this review highlights the chemical constituents of this source of FOG and how it can be processed into biodiesel now and in the future.

The author of the second article, Arthur J. Ragauskas at the Georgia Institute of Technology has recently been honoured by a National American Chemical Society award – TheACS Award for Affordable Green Chemistry  sponsored by Dow Chemical and endowed by Rohm and Haas. Art is also a member of the ESE editorial board and we are delighted that his contribution to science has been recognised by this prestigious award.

Authors are invited to submit their articles to Energy Science & Engineering via the online submission site. Papers are welcomed on fundamental and applied research on energy supply and use.

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Asia’s Leading Oncology Journal Cancer Science Adopts Open Access

Cancer ScienceJohn Wiley and Sons, Inc., announced today that Cancer Science has become the first Japanese journal of its size to transition to open access, by joining the Wiley Open Access publishing program. From January 1, 2014, all newly published articles will be open access and free to view, download and share.

As the journal of the Japanese Cancer Association, Cancer Science has been publishing high quality oncology research since its launch in 1907 as Gann, before being retitled as the Japanese Journal of Cancer Research. The journal now attracts over 1,300 submissions annually worldwide and has attained an Impact Factor of 3.479, establishing its role as the leading oncology journal in Asia.

“We are happy to make Cancer Science an open access journal. We aim to ensure that the high quality scientific papers published in the journal are shared widely amongst the cancer research community so that they can contribute to the better understanding of cancer, accelerate the translation of basic science into the clinical field and help to improve cancer care,” said Professor Yusuke Nakamura, Editor-in-Chief of Cancer Science and Professor of Medicine and Surgery at The University of Chicago. “We encourage international cancer researchers to submit new, original and high-impact cancer research articles to the journal.”

“The Japanese Cancer Association represents the community of cancer researchers in Japan. We believe that open access publishing is an appropriate way to support the research community in Japan and internationally, and we are delighted that working with Wiley we have been able to re-launch our journal Cancer Science as an open access journal in 2014,” said Tetsuo Noda, Japanese Cancer Association President.

“As an increasing number of journals consider the change to open access it is significant that one of Japan’s most prestigious journals from one of its largest associations by membership will be making the change to open access from the beginning of 2014,” said Mark Robertson, Vice President and Publishing Director Asia-Pacific, Global Research, Wiley. “This is a first for Japan and we look forward to working with the Japanese Cancer Association which has shown leadership in change so that the journal continues to strengthen its position in Japan and internationally.”

As part of the Wiley Open Access program authors, their funding agencies, or their institutions can pay an Article Publication Charge (APC), to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in PubMed Central (PMC) and PMC mirror sites.

Please visit the Cancer Science for website for further information and future updates

Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine Publishes its Third Issue

MGGMMolecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine has published its latest issue. Our third issue has some great papers covering the areas of Parkinson’s disease, hypercholesterolaemia, and gene therapy.  Below are two papers selected as highlights by EIC Max Muenke:

purple_lock_open Twin mitochondrial sequence analysis
Yosr Bouhlal, Selena Martinez, Henry Gong, Kevin Dumas and Joseph T. C. Shieh
Summary: It is increasingly important to resolve variation in regions of the genome that have homology. Mitochondrial sequences can reveal somatic variation and homologous nuclear mitochondrial sequences known as numts. In this study, we examined mitochondrial sequence variation using high-throughput sequencing and complementary techniques to evaluate a pair of adult twins.

purple_lock_open Quantitative trait locus linkage analysis in a large Amish pedigree identifies novel candidate loci for erythrocyte traits
Jesse D. Hinckley, Diana Abbott, Trudy L. Burns, Meadow Heiman, Amy D. Shapiro, Kai Wang and Jorge Di Paola
Summary: We performed a genome-wide quantitative trait locus (QTL) linkage analysis of a large Amish pedigree for complete blood count (CBC) traits. We identified novel linkage signals and confirmed previously reported ones. We believe that linkage studies in large pedigrees like the one presented here will likely allow investigators to focus the search for rare variants amidst the noise encountered in the large amounts of data generated by new whole genome sequencing.

You can meet Max Muenke at the Wiley booth at the forthcoming American Society of Human Genetics Conference – Wed 23 Oct, 11am-12pm.

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Have You Read Issue 3 of Physiological Reports?

Physiological ReportsThe latest issue of Physiological Reports has now closed. The issue contains over 30 articles of cutting edge research in Physiology and related disciplines. This is the third issue of this new open access journal and we are delighted by the strength and quantity of submissions so far. The journal graced the publication fee for the first 100 articles which were accepted. 100 articles have now been accepted since our launch in March.

Authors are encouraged to continue to submit their papers to this journal using the online submission site.

The Editor’s Choice papers for this issue are below:

phy239-toc-0001Comparative differential proteomic profiles of nonfailing and failing hearts after in vivo thoracic aortic constriction in mice overexpressing FKBP12.6
Miresta Prévilon, Morgane Le Gall, Philippe Chafey, Christian Federeci, Mylène Pezet, Guilhem Clary, Cédric Broussard, Guillonneau François, Jean-Jacques Mercadier and Patricia Rouet-Benzineb
Summary: This two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis proteomic study on pressure overload (PO)–induced cardiac remodeling and heart failure includes the impact of FKBP12.6 over-expression and differentiation of genders. Additionally, differential protein expressions were identified in mice with congestive heart failure (H) compared to non-congested mice (C) and to their respective sham-operated controls-(S), resulting in a total number of 12 individual mouse groups. Bioinformatic analyses showed a predictive huntingtin interactome that is indicative of PO-induced deleterious events in pathological hypertrophy (C) and of the transition to heart failure (H).

phy240-toc-0001Effect of simvastatin in the autonomic system is dependent on the increased gain/sensitivity of the baroreceptors
Edson D. Moreira, Cristiano T. Mostarda, Ivana C. Moraes-Silva, Janaina B. Ferreira, Fernando dos Santos, Silvia Lacchini, Kátia De Angelis, Bruno Rodrigues and Maria Cláudia Irigoyen
Summary: A number of mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pleiotropic effect of statin therapy to reduce sympathetic outflow in cardiovascular disease. The data in this articles suggest that the reduction of sympathetic outflow in hypertension by simvastatin treatment may be triggered by structural changes in the carotid arteries and increased BRS in response to an improvement of the baroreceptors discharge and consequently of the afferent pathway of the baroreflex arch.

phy248-toc-0001Endocrine rhythms in the brown bear (Ursus arctos): Evidence supporting selection for decreased pineal gland size
Jasmine V. Ware, O. Lynne Nelson, Charles T. Robbins, Patrick A. Carter, Brice A. J. Sarver and Heiko T. Jansen
Summary: Plasma melatonin in the brown bear varies with daylength but is present at exceedingly low concentrations. The pineal gland, a major source of melatonin, in the bear is significantly smaller, relative to brain size, than other mammals based on phylogenetic analysis. Cortisol concentrations also varied with daylength.

phy274-toc-0001Podocalyxin regulates pronephric glomerular development in zebrafish
Koichiro Ichimura, Rebecca Powell, Tomomi Nakamura, Hidetake Kurihara, Tatsuo Sakai and Tomoko Obara
Summary: Expression of podocalyxin mRNA in developing pronephric glomerulus. podocalyxin mRNA is detected by in situ hybridization in the paired glomerular primordia at 24 and 34 hpf. Glomerular primordia fuse at the midline to form a glomerulus by 2 dpf, and podocalyxin expression continues in the glomerulus to 2 and 3 dpf.

All the articles in this, and all issues are free to read, download and share.
Visit the website to read all the articles as they publish.

Issue 4/2013 of ChemistryOpen is Now Online!

Chem open issue 4 2013Issue 4/2013 of ChemistyOpen is now available via Wiley Online Library and the journal’s homepage: www.chemistryopen.org.

The current issue covers a great range of interesting topics in bioorganic chemistry and materials science. Todd Lowary and co-workers focus on the synthesis of a tolerance-inducing immunomodulatory pentasaccharide lacto-N-fucopentaose III and its corresponding human serum albumin conjugate. Also in the field of bioorganic chemistry, Hans-Achim Wagenknecht, Ralph Witzgall and colleagues designed and synthesized photochemically active chromophore–nucleic acid conjugates to allow imaging in cells using both fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy. An analytical biochemical application is also the main focus of the article by James Rusling and co-workers. They developed an inkjet-printed gold nanoparticle immunoarray integrated into a microfluidic device for multiple protein determinations. This detection method can be tuned either for ultrasensitive detection or for rapid detection of biomarkers within clinically relevant detection ranges. Michael Mehring and colleagues, on the other hand, synthesize ?-Bi2O3 nanoparticles as promising materials for their application in water purification systems. They developed a straightforward synthetic procedure for the synthesis of ?-Bi2O3 nanoparticles and show that they have high photocatalytic activity and stability during the degradation of typical organic water pollutants under visible light irradiation.

 If you are interested in reading the original articles, click here to access the current issue! All articles published in ChemistryOpen are open access to everyone.

Food and Energy Security Publishes Issue 2.2

Food and Energy Security CoverFood and Energy Security has now published its latest issue featuring a number of articles focussing on improving global security of energy and food resouces by using agricultural methods. The following articles have been selected by Editor-in-Chief: Martin Parry:

Metallic trace elements in cereal grain – a review: how much metal do we eat?
Tihana Tekli?, Zdenko Lon?ari?, Vlado Kova?evi? and Bal Ram Singh
Summary: This review aimed to give an overview of data regarding metallic trace elements (Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu) content in the grain of globally most important cereals – wheat, rice, and maize. As an important component of human and animal food, cereal grains represent a plant available load of these metals into the food chain.

Avoiding damage and achieving cold tolerance in rice plants
Renata Pereira da Cruz, Raul Antonio Sperotto, Denise Cargnelutti, Janete Mariza Adamski, Tatiana de FreitasTerra and Janette Palma Fett
Summary: Cold temperatures can have negative impacts on rice plants during germination, vegetative growth, and reproductive stages, leading to decreased productivity. Here we review the efforts that have been made to achieve cold tolerance in rice through breeding, the major tools used for evaluating cold tolerance in rice plants, the discovery of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and genes related to this tolerance and the results obtained so far by genetic transformation of rice plants with potential cold-tolerance genes. Possible future approaches are suggested.

 Alternate wetting and drying irrigation for rice in Bangladesh: Is it sustainable and has plant breeding something to offer?
Adam H. Price, Gareth J. Norton, David E. Salt, Oliver Ebenhoeh, Andrew A. Meharg, Caroline Meharg, M. Rafiqul Islam, Ramen N. Sarma, Tapash Dasgupta, Abdelbagi M. Ismail, Kenneth L. McNally, Hao Zhang, Ian C. Dodd and William J. Davies
Summary: The article describes the technique of alternate wetting and drying (AWD) which is being promoted in Bangladesh as a water saving technique for dry season rice production. It highlights the unknown aspects of the adoption of the method which relate to its effectiveness in the long term. Finally it reports an innovative multi-disciplinary project which aims to examine sustainability and offer solutions through genomics, soil biogeochemistry, plant physiology and systems biology.

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Pharmacology Research & Perspectives – Editorial Board Appointed

prp_cover_final.inddPharmacology Research &Perspectives’ editorial board has now been appointed to lead the publication in its infancy alongside Editor-in-Chief Mike Curtis and Deputy Editor Darrell Abernethy.  The new board members are listed in full below.

The journal launched at Experimental Biology 2013 and the first articles will be published shortly. The editors have appointed a strong team to help to shape the strategic direction of the journal. The consulting editors and the remainder of the editorial board will work closely with the editors to ensure a rigorous peer review processs for the journal.

Authors are invited to submit their articles using the online submission site.

Editor-in-Chief
Michael J. Curtis, London, UK

Deputy Editor
Darrell R. Abernethy, Maryland, USA

Consulting Editors
Thomas Brand, Imperial College, UK
John Challiss, University of Leicester, UK
Mark Connor, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
Josephine Egan, National Institute of Aging, Baltimore, USA
Alison Gurney, The University of Manchester, UK
Paul Insel, University of California San Diego, USA
Donald Mager, University at Buffalo, New York, USA
Andrew McLachlan, University of Sydney, Australia
Michael Randall, University of Nottingham, UK

Editorial Board
Karin Aubrey, University of Sydney, Australia
Chris Bailey, University of Bath, UK
Wah Chin Boon, The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Australia
Elizabeth Cartwright, The University of Manchester, UK
Thomas Chang, The University of British Columbia, Canada
Ying Chen, University of Surrey, UK
Mark Cunningham, Newcastle University, UK
Margaret Cunningham, University of Bristol, UK
Susan Currie, University of Strathclyde, UK
Yvonne Dempsie, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK
Robert Drummond, University of Strathclyde, UK
Ryoichi Fujiwara, Kitasato University, Japan
Jacob George, University of Dundee, UK
Daniel Gonzalez, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Natasha Grimsbey, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Subash Gupta, University of Mississippi Medical Center, USA
Ioannis Haralambopoulos, University of Crete, Greece
Liz Hardaker, Novartis, UK
Anders Haunso, Merck Research Laboratories, USA
Nick Holliday, University of Nottingham, UK
Dana Hutchinson, Monash University, Australia
Jee Hyan Kim, University of Melbourne, Australia
Manoj Lalu, University of Ottawa, Canada
Emma Lane, Cardiff University, UK
Robert Lane, Monash University, Australia
Derek Lang, Cardiff University, UK
Anastassios Lymperopoulos, Nova Southeastern University, USA
Oliver Mace, Heptare Therapeutics, UK
Leanne Mackay, University of Glasgow, UK
Kevin Morgan, University of Hull, UK
Ben Mulcahy, University of Southampton, UK
Lucy Norling, Queen Mary, University of London, UK
Terence Pang, University of Melbourne, Australia
Nimesh Patel, Queen Mary, University of London, UK
Ryan Pelis, Dalhousie University, Canada
Victoria Ridger, University of Sheffield, UK
Bianca Rocca, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Liz Rosethorne, Novartis, UK
Pawan Sharma, University of Calgary, Canada
Douglas Sweet, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Jerome Swinny, University of Portsmouth, UK
Gareth Veal, Newcastle University, UK
Catriona Waitt, The University of Liverpool, UK
James Whiteford, Queen Mary, University of London, UK
Jeanette Wollard, University of Nottingham, UK
Tiantai Zhang, Peking Union Medical College, China

Physiological Reports Publishes issue 1.2

Physiological ReportsPhysiological Reports has now closed its latest issue. Below are the articles which have been highlighted by Editor-in-Chief Susan Wray from this issue:

purple_lock_open The distribution of the preferred directions of the ON–OFF direction selective ganglion cells in the rabbit retina requires refinement after eye opening
Ya-Chien Chan and Chuan-Chin Chiao
Summary: The present study shows that the preferred directions of selective ganglion cells (DSGCs) at around the time of eye opening are not distinctly segregated but rather are diffusely distributed along four canonical axes. We also demonstrate that the diffuse pattern of preferred direction distribution does not correlate with the directional tuning strength of DSGCs, indicating that the maturations of direction selectivity and preferred direction are independent processes. Our finding indicates that four subtypes of DSGCs undergo significant refinement after eye opening to reach their adult form.

purple_lock_open Decreased stability of erythroblastic islands in integrin ?3-deficient mice
Zhenghui Wang, Olga Vogel, Gisela Kuhn, Max Gassmann and Johannes Vogel
Summary: Erythropoiesis, a quite unique biological process, creates the only a-nucleated cell of our body, the red blood cell (RBC). It crucially requires a specialized microstructure called erythroblastic island (EI) for timing of erythroblast differentiation including extrusion of the nucleus and release of the young RBCs into the circulation. Here we provide new and unexpected data as to a role of integrin ?3 for timing the final detachment of young RBCs from EI. For example membranes of peripheral RBCs of integrin ?3 deficient mice contained calnexin, a chaperone that is normally completely lost during terminal differentiation of reticulocytes prior to their release into the circulation.

purple_lock_open Subcutaneous adipose tissue transplantation in diet-induced obese mice attenuates metabolic dysregulation while removal exacerbates it
Michelle T. Foster, Samir Softic, Jody Caldwell, Rohit Kohli, Annette D. deKloet and Randy J. Seeley
Summary: Leptin (A) and insulin (B) concentrations were significantly increased in all HFD groups, but those with heterotransplantations. Heterotransplantation restored insulin and leptin levels to chow control levels, whereas removal of subcutaneous adipose tissue induced increases greater than HFD control mice. Although hepatic insulin sensitivity was decreased by HFD, heterotransplantation in HFD mice restored hepatic insulin sensitivity to chow controls levels (C). Subcutaneous fat removal in HFD fed mice did not changes hepatic insulin sensitivity. Different letters indicate significance P ? 0.05.

purple_lock_open Portable acoustic myography – a realistic noninvasive method for assessment of muscle activity and coordination in human subjects in most home and sports settings
Adrian P. Harrison, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe and Else M. Bartels
Summary: Muscle sound gives a local picture of muscles involved in a particular movement and is independent of electrical signals between nerves and muscle fibres. Our aim was to develop a setup for muscle-sound assessment, which could be reliably applied in any local setting. Sound recording was shown to be an easy non-invasive method for assessment of muscle function during movement with the possibility of being applied in most clinical, sports and home settings.

The first 100 articles accepted for publication in the journal are free of charge. There is still time to submit a paper to the journal and have the publication fee waived.
Submit your article here >

American Neurological Association and Wiley launch New Open Access Journal

LSJ-13-55252-WOAI-NW-ACTN-CoverWiley and the American Neurological Association (ANA) announced today a partnership to launch Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, a new online-only, open access journal. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology  will publish original research and scholarly reviews focused on the mechanisms and treatments of diseases of the nervous system, high-impact topics in neurologic education and other topics of interest to the clinical neuroscience community.

The journal is supported by Annals of Neurology, which is owned by the ANA, co-sponsored by the Child Neurology Society and published by Wiley. With a 2013 Impact Factor of 11.193, Annals of Neurology is among the most prestigious peer-reviewed clinical neurology journals worldwide. The high selectivity of Annals of Neurology will support the development of Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology and provide global community of researchers and clinicians with a dynamic outlet for scientific and clinical content.

“We are extremely excited to offer a journal that taps into the extraordinary clinical and translational science that is being conducted in our neurology departments across the world,” said ANA President Eva L. Feldman, MD, PhD, the Russell N. DeJong Professor of Neurology at the University of Michigan. “By offering an open access journal, the ANA can provide another publishing platform for investigators committed to understanding and treating disorders of the nervous system. Ultimately that benefits both the fields of neuroscience and neurology and will lead to the development of new and much needed therapies.”

John “Jack” Kessler, MD, has been appointed Editor-in-Chief of Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology. Dr. Kessler is the Ken and Ruth Davee Professor of Stem Cell Biology at Northwestern University.

“I am honored and excited to have been chosen to be the editor of this new journal,” Kessler said. “Open access publication of clinical and scientific advances is becoming more common for biomedical research. The creation of Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology as a partner journal to the Annals of Neurology is a timely and exciting new venture that should greatly enhance the rapid dissemination of high quality research.”

“Wiley has published Annals of Neurology since 2001 and we greatly value our long-standing and highly successful partnership with the ANA,” said Shawn Morton, Journal Publishing Director for Medicine at Wiley. “We are highly optimistic that Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology will provide a timely means to further extend and develop this much-valued relationship.”

The journal will publish articles under a Creative Commons License enabling authors to be fully compliant with open access requirements of funding organizations where they apply. All articles will be published open access on Wiley Online Library and deposited in PubMed Central immediately upon publication.

A publication fee will be payable by authors on acceptance of their articles. Authors affiliated with, or funded by, an organization that has a Wiley Open Access Account can publish without directly paying any publication charges.

Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology is available at www.annalsctn.org.

Evolutionary Applications Publishes issue 6.5

Evolutionary ApplicationsEvolutionary Applications has published a new issue exploring the ways in which evolutionary biology addresses biological questions of health, social and economic relevance.  The issue features an image of a young wood frog on its cover.  Editor-in-Chief: Louis Bernatchez has highlighted the articles below as particularly noteworthy:

purple_lock_open Molecular genetics and genomics generate new insights into invertebrate pest invasions by Heather Kirk, Silvia Dorn and Dominique Mazzi
Summary: This article reviews current applications of molecular genetics and genomics in the study of invertebrate pest invasions and outbreaks, and highlights shortcomings from the current body of research. It also discusses recent conceptual and methodological advances in the areas of molecular genetics/genomics and data analysis and highlights how these advances will enhance our understanding of these areas.

purple_lock_open Evolutionary dynamics of a rapidly receding southern range boundary in the threatened California Red-Legged Frog (Rana draytonii) by Jonathan Q. Richmond, Kelly R. Barr, Adam R. Backlin, Amy G. Vandergast and Robert N. Fisher
Summary: This study reviews the extensive decline in populations of the California red-legged frog (Rana draytonii) since the 1960s due to contemporary disturbance. The authors conclude that while the effects of recent disturbance have left little genetic imprint on these populations, they likely contribute to an extinction debt that will lead to continued range contraction unless management intervenes to stall or reverse the process.

purple_lock_open Genetic and life-history changes associated with fisheries-induced population collapse by Lilian Pukk, Anna Kuparinen, Leili Järv, Riho Gross and Anti Vasemägi
Summary: This article investigates the evolutinary consequences of intensive fishing simultaneously at phenotypic and molecular level in Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) population in the Baltic Sea over a 24-year period. This study demonstrates the value of combining genetic and phenotypic analyses in the context of long-term genetic monitoring and suggests that replacement or breakdown of locally adapted gene complexes may play important role in impeding the recovery of fish populations.

In 2013 we have expanded the scope of Evolutionary Applications. As before, we are keen to encourage papers applying concepts from evolutionary biology to address biological questions of health, social and economic relevance across a vast array of applied disciplines. We now also strongly encourage submissions of papers making use of modern molecular and genetic methods to address important questions in an applied evolutionary framework. For more information please visit the aims and scopes page.

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MicrobiologyOpen Publishes its 100th Article!

MicrobiologyOpenMicrobiologyOpen has now published its 100th article! The journal published its first papers in January 2012 and since that time has accepted excellent papers across the broad scope of the journal, covering all aspects of Microbial Science. We are delighted by the success of this new open access journal. It was accepted for indexing in MEDLINE within its first year of publication.

The 100th article published in the journal is:

purple_lock_open TusA(YhhP) and IscS are required for molybdenum-cofactor-dependent base-analog detoxification
by Stanislav G. Kozmin, Elena I. Stepchenkova and Roel M. Schaaper
Summary: We show that Escherichia coli mutants deficient in the sulfurtransferase TusA or the cysteine desulfurase IscS are hypersensitive to the toxic effects of the adenine analog 6-N-hydroxylaminopurine (HAP). This sensitivity is similar to and epistatic with the HAP sensitivity of moa mutants, which defective in biosynthesis of the molybdenum cofactor (Moco). Our results suggest that TusA and IscS are critical for the insertion of the dithiolene sulfurs in Moco that coordinate the molybdenum atom.

Visit the journal homepage to see our new landing page celebrating the MicrobiologyOpen 100! This highlights the top downloaded and top cited articles from within the first 100 papers, and also shows the geographical spread of our author base and the subject areas covered by the journal.

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Search Engine Optimization and Your Journal Article: Do you want the bad news first?

SEO-pic-300x253Here’s the bad news about search engine optimization and your paper:  it’s going to mean a bit more work.

Yep.  It’s not enough that you hustled for funding, figured out who your co-authors would be, conducted the research, wrote the paper, decided where to submit it, hoped that it would be accepted, made necessary revisions, and waited anxiously for it go up online.

Nope.  Now, before having your article posted online you have to make sure that your article is prepared for the real world: the digital world.     You need to ensure that your paper is search engine optimized.  To quote Zhang and Dimitroff: “Search Engine Optimization (SEO) … is the process of identifying factors in a webpage which would impact search engine accessibility to it and fine-tuning the many elements of a website so it can achieve the highest possible visibility when a search engine responds to a relevant query. Search engine optimization aims at achieving good search engine accessibility for webpages, high visibility in search engine results, and improvement of the chances the webpages are retrieved.”(1)

Except, to put a filter on it, replace the word “webpage(s)” in the quote above with “journal article”.  A little daunting, no?

Now here’s the good news:  it’s worth the effort.  After all, why go to all the toil of authoring an article if your research is going to be buried on page 275 of Google or Google Scholar’s search results?  Scholarly information is increasingly more accessible online, but not inherently more discoverable.  Employing SEO can leverage a paper so that it has better odds of being at the top of search results, and, therefore, better odds of being read and even cited.  Moreover, if you are publishing open access, you will also be getting the best value for your (or your funder’s) money if your research is easily accessible via search engines.

“Isn’t that the journal’s (or publisher’s) job?” you might ask?  Well yes and no.  Journals and publishers need to make sure they do everything they can to optimize their online platforms so that search engines can easily crawl and index content.  58% of all traffic to our online platform, Wiley Online Library, comes from search engines (predominantly Google and Google Scholar).  And publishers need to actively promote journals and featured content in a crowded online space.  However, they do not have ultimate control over the discoverability of content at the article level. You do.

So what do you need to do?  We’ve created an SEO for Authors tips sheet to give authors an at-a-glance guide to optimizing their papers.  Here are some highlights:

  • Carefully select relevant keywords
  • Lead with keywords in the article title
  • Repeat keywords 3-4 times throughout the abstract
  • Use headings throughout the article
  • Include at least 5 keywords and synonyms in the keyword field
  • Link to the published article on social media, blogs and academic websites

A lot of this boils down to selecting appropriate keywords (i.e. search terms) and using them frequently and appropriately, because, “Generally speaking, the more often a search term occurs in the document, and the more important the document field is in which the term occurs, the more relevant the document is considered.”(2)

This shouldn’t be a completely daunting process or even that much additional work.  It is really about being more mindful, as you are writing the paper, of how users will search and find the published version online.

Happy Optimizing!

By Anne-Marie Green,
Marketing Manager

Sources:

1. Zhang, Jin, and Alexandra Dimitroff. “The Impact of Metadata Implementation on Webpage Visibility in Search Engine Results (Part II).” Information Processing & Management 41.3 (2005): 697-715.

2. Beel, Jran, Bela Gipp, and Erik Wilde. “Academic Search Engine Optimization (ASEO): Optimizing Scholarly Literature for Google Scholar & Co.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 41.2 (2010): 176-90.

Ecology and Evolution has received its first Impact Factor of 1.184, ranking 99/136 in Ecology!

ECE 3 7Following on from the release of Ecology and Evolution’s first Impact Factor, the latest issue of Ecology and Evolution is now live! Over 30 excellent articles free to read, download and share. The cover image has been taken from the article Inbreeding reveals mode of past selection on male reproductive characters in Drosophila melanogaster by Outi Ala-Honkola et al. Below are some highlights from this issue:

 purple_lock_open An age–size reaction norm yields insight into environmental interactions affecting life-history traits: a factorial study of larval development in the malaria mosquitoAnopheles gambiae sensu stricto by Conan Phelan and Bernard D. Rotiberg
Summary: Environmental factors frequently act nonindependently to determine growth and development of insects. Because age and size at maturity strongly influence population dynamics, interaction effects among environmental variables complicate the task of predicting dynamics of insect populations under novel conditions. We reared larvae of the African malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.) under three factors relevant to changes in climate and land use: food level, water depth, and temperature. Each factor was held at two levels in a fully crossed design, for eight experimental treatments. Larval survival, larval development time, and adult size (wing length) were measured to indicate the importance of interaction effects upon population-level processes. For age and size at emergence, but not survival, significant interaction effects were detected for all three factors, in addition to sex. Some of these interaction effects can be understood as consequences of how the different factors influence energy usage in the context of a nonindependent relationship between age and size. Experimentally assessing interaction effects for all potential future sets of conditions is intractable. However, considering how different factors affect energy usage within the context of an insect’s evolved developmental program can provide insight into the causes of complex environmental effects on populations.

purple_lock_open  Foraging area fidelity for Kemp’s ridleys in the Gulf of Mexico by Donna J. Shaver, Kristen M. Hart, Ikuko Fujisaki, Cynthia Rubio, Autumn R. Sartain, Jaime Peña, Patrick M. Burchfield, Daniel Gomez Gamez and Jaime Ortiz
Summary: For many marine species, locations of key foraging areas are not well defined. We used satellite telemetry and switching state-space modeling (SSM) to identify distinct foraging areas used by Kemp’s ridley turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) tagged after nesting during 1998–2011 at Padre Island National Seashore, Texas, USA (PAIS;= 22), and Rancho Nuevo, Tamaulipas, Mexico (RN;= 9). Overall, turtles traveled a mean distance of 793.1 km (±347.8 SD) to foraging sites, where 24 of 31 turtles showed foraging area fidelity (FAF) over time (= 22 in USA,= 2 in Mexico). Multiple turtles foraged along their migratory route, prior to arrival at their “final” foraging sites. We identified new foraging “hotspots” where adult female Kemp’s ridley turtles spent 44% of their time during tracking (i.e., 2641/6009 tracking days in foraging mode). Nearshore Gulf of Mexico waters served as foraging habitat for all turtles tracked in this study; final foraging sites were located in water <68 m deep and a mean distance of 33.2 km (±25.3 SD) from the nearest mainland coast. Distance to release site, distance to mainland shore, annual mean sea surface temperature, bathymetry, and net primary production were significant predictors of sites where turtles spent large numbers of days in foraging mode. Spatial similarity of particular foraging sites selected by different turtles over the 13-year tracking period indicates that these areas represent critical foraging habitat, particularly in waters off Louisiana. Furthermore, the wide distribution of foraging sites indicates that a foraging corridor exists for Kemp’s ridleys in the Gulf. Our results highlight the need for further study of environmental and bathymetric components of foraging sites and prey resources contained therein, as well as international cooperation to protect essential at-sea foraging habitats for this imperiled species.

 purple_lock_open A new method for identifying rapid decline dynamics in wild vertebrate populations by Martina Di Fonzo, Ben Collen and Georgina M. Mace
Summary: Tracking trends in the abundance of wildlife populations is a sensitive method for assessing biodiversity change due to the short time-lag between human pressures and corresponding shifts in population trends. This study tests for proposed associations between different types of human pressures and wildlife population abundance decline-curves and introduces a method to distinguish decline trajectories from natural fluctuations in population time-series. First, we simulated typical mammalian population time-series under different human pressure types and intensities and identified significant distinctions in population dynamics. Based on the concavity of the smoothed population trend and the algebraic function which was the closest fit to the data, we determined those differences in decline dynamics that were consistently attributable to each pressure type. We examined the robustness of the attribution of pressure type to population decline dynamics under more realistic conditions by simulating populations under different levels of environmental stochasticity and time-series data quality. Finally, we applied our newly developed method to 124 wildlife population time-series and investigated how those threat types diagnosed by our method compare to the specific threatening processes reported for those populations. We show how wildlife population decline curves can be used to discern between broad categories of pressure or threat types, but do not work for detailed threat attributions. More usefully, we find that differences in population decline curves can reliably identify populations where pressure is increasing over time, even when data quality is poor, and propose this method as a cost-effective technique for prioritizing conservation actions between populations.

purple_lock_open Estimating resource selection with count data by Ryan M. Nielson and Hall Sawyer
Summary: Resource selection functions (RSFs) are typically estimated by comparing covariates at a discrete set of “used” locations to those from an “available” set of locations. This RSF approach treats the response as binary and does not account for intensity of use among habitat units where locations were recorded. Advances in global positioning system (GPS) technology allow animal location data to be collected at fine spatiotemporal scales and have increased the size and correlation of data used in RSF analyses. We suggest that a more contemporary approach to analyzing such data is to model intensity of use, which can be estimated for one or more animals by relating the relative frequency of locations in a set of sampling units to the habitat characteristics of those units with count-based regression and, in particular, negative binomial (NB) regression. We demonstrate this NB RSF approach with location data collected from 10 GPS-collared Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus) in the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range enclosure. We discuss modeling assumptions and show how RSF estimation with NB regression can easily accommodate contemporary research needs, including: analysis of large GPS data sets, computational ease, accounting for among-animal variation, and interpretation of model covariates. We recommend the NB approach because of its conceptual and computational simplicity, and the fact that estimates of intensity of use are unbiased in the face of temporally correlated animal location data.

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Read ChemistryOpen‘s Latest Issue – 2.3

ChemOpen 2 3The current ChemistryOpen issue features the group of F. Matthias Bickelhaupt and their computational work on geometries adopted by d10-ML2 transition-metal complexes. The front cover and cover profile nicely complement their Full Paper and give interesting and valuable background information on their work and the incentive behind it. The Full Paper by Marc Steinmetz and Stefan Grimme presents a further computational paper that reports on an extensive benchmark for evaluating modern density functionals in transition-metal-catalyzed bond-activation reactions.

 Two other papers in this issue also revolve around transition metals. Yan-Yan Song, Patrik Schmuki and co-workers use self-organized TiO2-nanotube layers in combination with CdTe quantum dots for immunoassay-type detection and achieve excellent detection limits with this electrochemiluminescent technique. Narayane S. Hosmane and colleagues, on the other hand, synthesize nanocomposites of Fe10BO3/Fe3O4/SiO2 and GdFeO3/Fe3O4/SiO2 using a gel combustion technique for potential applications in diagnostic analysis of cancer through use in neutron capture therapy.

 All articles published in ChemistryOpen are open access and open to all readers. Click here to access the current issue now!

Clinical Case Reports Appoints new Editor-in-Chief

Debra JacksonWe are delighted to announce that Clinical Case Reports has appointed a new Editor-in-Chief, Professor Debra Jackson, who has been an academic nurse for over 15 years. She has a strong international profile and her experience and expertise includes leading two impressive research programs in women’s and family health and workforce development and adversity. Much of her research has been funded by national competitive grants. Professor Jackson has published widely, and has over 250 publications including journal articles, books and book chapters.  She is Editor of the Journal of Clinical Nursing, Managing Editor of Advances in Contemporary Nursing, and Editorial Board member and peer reviewer for Australian and international journals and funding bodies.

Professor Jackson has a strong vision for the newly launched journal:

CCR coverClinical Case Reports is a unique journal that aims to contribute to quality patient care and health professional education through the dissemination of clinical practice scenarios. We focus on common and unusual clinical situations, and encourage critical reflection and critique of practice, and have a particular interest in reports that draw on the use of clinical guidelines. We want to support clinicians in providing patients with the best possible care, and ultimately we aim to provide a reservoir of case reports that can also be used in teaching and for secondary research purposes”.

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