Soenke Bartling and Benedikt Fecher on the use of blockchain technology in research.
Currently blockchain is being hyped. Many claim that the blockchain revolution will affect not only our online life, but will profoundly change many more aspects of our society. Many foresee these changes as potentially being more far-reaching than those brought by the internet in the last two decades. If this holds true, it is certain that research and knowledge creation will also be affected by this. So, what is blockchain all about? More importantly, could knowledge creation benefit from it? One potential area it could be useful is in addressing the credibility and reproducibility crisis in science.
In this article Benedikt Fecher and Gert Wagner argue that the current endeavors to achieve open access in scientific literature require a discussion about innovation in scholarly publishing and research infrastructure. Drawing on path dependence theory and addressing different open access (OA) models and recent political endeavors, the authors argue that academia is once again running the risk of outsourcing the organization of its content.
Wikimedia Germany offers fellowships for Open-Science-practitioners.
Researchers from the German Institute of Economic research in Berlin present the results of a recent survey among social and behavioral researchers on data sharing and replication. Working paper out now.
Peter Suber’s excellent readings on Open Access; of course free to download.
Benedikt Fecher and Gert Wagner in a recent Science letter on credit for academic data sharing.
Gert Wagner and Benedikt Fecher reply to an editorial about data sharing in medicine.
Longo and Drazen miss the very point of scientific research when they write, that the researchers may «even use the data to try to disprove what the original investigators had posited«. It is at the core of the scientific paradigm that researchers take nothing as final truth. This is what Popper proposed in his critical rationalism and Merton in his conceptualization of skepticism.
Last week, Longo and Drazen published a frantic editorial in the New England Journal of Medicing on academic data sharing, implying that researchers that use data from other researcher are “research parasites”. The journal replied:
We want to clarify, given recent concern about our policy, that the Journal is committed to data sharing in the setting of clinical trials. As stated in the Institute of Medicine report from the committee1 on which I served and the recent editorial by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE),2 we believe there is a moral obligation to the people who volunteer to participate in these trials to ensure that their data are widely and responsibly used.
Today Cendari (Collaborative European Digital Archive Infrastructure) has been launched. It is featured as a “powerful toolkit for digital historical research”.
Wiki4R will create an innovative virtual research environment (VRE) for Open Science at scale, engaging both professional researchers and citizen data scientists in new and potentially transformative forms of collaboration.