SSP’s Early Career Development Podcast: Episode 7, Open Access (Part 1)

In this seventh episode of SSP’s Early Career Development Podcast, co-hosts Meredith Adinolfi (Cell Press) and Sara Grimme (Digital Science) answer some questions from early career professionals about Open Access publishing.

The post SSP’s Early Career Development Podcast: Episode 7, Open Access (Part 1) appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

Revisiting: Challenges for Academics in the Global South — Resource Constraints, Institutional Issues, and Infrastructural Problems

Revisiting a 2018 post discussing that for social science and humanities researchers in many parts of the world there are significant barriers to conducting and sharing research, in some cases more so than for science and medicine. In this revisited guest post, Dr. Naveen Minai provides a perspective as a gender studies researcher in Pakistan.

The post Revisiting: Challenges for Academics in the Global South — Resource Constraints, Institutional Issues, and Infrastructural Problems appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

Guest Post – Starting a Novel Software Journal within the Existing Scholarly Publishing Ecosystem: Technical and Social Lessons

The Journal of Open Source Software was designed from scratch using the principles of open source and software design practices. This has both advantages and disadvantages, particularly with respect to elements of the traditional scholarly publishing ecosystem.

The post Guest Post – Starting a Novel Software Journal within the Existing Scholarly Publishing Ecosystem: Technical and Social Lessons appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

Third-Party Material in Open Access Monographs: How Far-Reaching is the Creative Commons Licence Really?

by Ralf Flohr, Stefanie Richter and Olaf Siegert

Background to Open Access monographs

Open Access monographs are playing an increasingly important role in the Open Access transformation of the publication system: Specialist publishers have reacted to this development and come up with new business models for the publication of books in Open Access (OA). Organisations that promote research and research institutions themselves have established publication funds and provide the financial resources for Open Access publications. Libraries are archiving Open Access publications on their in-house publication servers, making them accessible to the public and ensuring both their visibility and long-term availability.

Use of the Creative Commons licence

The question of who is allowed to use an Open Access publication and how is usually regulated with a Creative Commons licence (CC licence) linked to every document. This opens up, for example, depending on how it is structured and under certain conditions, the right to copy, store, archive, redistribute the publication and make it publicly accessible, without having to ask the respective rights holder for consent. Libraries also use the CC licences in this way to incorporate Open Access publications into their stocks and disseminate them. Creative Commons licences thus make barrier-free access to scientific publications possible in the first place.

Problems with OA monographs containing third-party material

However, there are problems with the implementation here, particularly regarding the Open Access monographs. Things becomes particularly difficult if third-party material which is subject to another licence is used. The third-party material can mean illustrations, photographs, charts, tables and other diagrams, for example.

If the authors are unable to invoke citation law, they need to get the approval of the rights holder before incorporating this material in their monograph. In many cases, the third-party material is not subject to the Creative Commons licence applicable to the monograph. Authors are much more likely to use third-party material on the basis of another licence that does not confer the same usage possibilities as the CC licence. The principle of ‘all rights reserved’ usually applies to this material. Detailed guidance on handling thirdparty materials can also be found in the OA Books Toolkit from Open Access Publishing in European Networks (OAPEN).
In the Quality standards for getting started with Open Access provision of books (PDF) published by the National Contact Point Open Access OA2020-DE, the following is stated on the inclusion of third-party materials under the point rights and licences:

“The rights for illustrations and other external material in the books are clarified, clearly stated and do not hinder the provision of the entire work under a Creative Commons licence.”

Unfortunately, this is often not the case in practice, because some academic publishers furnish the Creative Commons licences of Open Access monographs with restrictions for third-party material. Here are two examples:

Example 1

Schettler, Leon Valentin: Socializing Development, transcript Verlag, Bielefeld, 2020.

Example 2

Teske, Sven (ed.): Achieving the Paris Climate Agreement Goals, Springer Nature, Cham, 2020.

Publishers cover their backs with blanket policy

The Open Access use of the entire work is actually impeded in practice when external material is included, if this material is not subject to the Creative Commons licence as well. In their imprints, the publishers often point out – as standard practice – that further usage rights must be obtained from the respective rights holder for the reuse of this material, even if no such third-party material appears in the monograph in question. This restriction also applies to laws of use which would be covered by the Creative Commons licence per se, for example the permission to disseminate. With the blanket restrictions in the imprint information, the publishers protect themselves in the event that conflicts arise with the rights holders in the further use of the publications. This thereby severely restricts the opportunities that actually arise from the CC licence and creates major challenges for those who would like to reuse the works according to the principles of Creative Commons.

Difficult Open Access use in practice

This practice of blanket restrictions is problematic for the dissemination of Open Access publications, particularly for monographs. Obtaining permission for further use, by people who operate repositories for example, is often difficult, representing a hurdle for free dissemination. This means that the monographs cannot be used comprehensively according to the principles of Open Access. Possible usage scenarios, such as publication in scientific and social networks such as ResearchGate and Academia.edu, and use as Open Educational Resources (OER) are also made more difficult.

Then again, from a scientific perspective, it would not make sense to disseminate the monographs without the third-party material they contain. Strictly speaking, such monographs can therefore no longer be described as Open Access publications according to the principles of the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. Rather, it is a form of free Open Access that essentially provides read-only access. A further problem occurs if these documents with machine-readable data are declared to be Creative Commons publications and documented in the relevant search engines, but then cannot be comprehensively used as such.

Recommended actions for stakeholders

On the basis of the aspects mentioned above, we believe that this practice of restricted CC licences has a detrimental effect on the development of Open Access. The question is how to prevent this practice in the future, or how to ensure that Open Access publications are provided with unrestricted CC licences. To this end, we have put together some recommendations for the various stakeholders.

What authors and publishers can do:

  • Clarify the rights of third-party material in advance so that comprehensive use according to the principles of Open Access is possible. Third-party material should be incorporated into the work according to the principles of the citation law.
  • If this is not possible, licence-free third-party material should be used, or third-party material for which a compatible Creative Commons licence can be agreed with the rights holders.
  • Publishers should refrain from making blanket restrictions if no third-party material is even used in the work.

What Open Access commissioners, libraries and promotion funds can do:

  • A decisive factor is explaining the legal consequences of using third-party material in Open Access monographs to authors and advising them.
  • Organisations that promote Open Access monographs should ideally only fund those works which contain no restrictions of the Creative Commons licence.

This might also interest you:

  • Legal Compendium on Open Science: Guideline answers Legal Questions
  • Promoting OER: How to create an open textbook
  • Open Access for Monographs: Small Steps along a difficult Path
  • This text has been translated from German.

    The post Third-Party Material in Open Access Monographs: How Far-Reaching is the Creative Commons Licence Really? first appeared on ZBW MediaTalk.

    New Open Access Business Models — What’s Needed to Make Them Work?

    A look at a session from last week’s CHORUS Forum that discussed new open access business models — what does it take to make them work?

    The post New Open Access Business Models — What’s Needed to Make Them Work? appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

    Decolonizing Scholarly Communications through Bibliodiversity

    by Kathleen Shearer, Executive Director, Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) and Arianna Becerril-García, Executive Director, Redalyc.org and President, AmeliCA, Conocimiento Abierto S.C. This a reposting with permission from the authors from a deposit made on Zenodo in Jan 2021. Note: This short form article was originally accepted to be published in a Special Open Access Edition in…

    Source

    Feasibility, Sustainability, and the Subscribe-to-Open Model

    Like all OA funding models, subscribe-to-open solves some problems while creating others. Some of the downsides are pretty fundamental.

    The post Feasibility, Sustainability, and the Subscribe-to-Open Model appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

    Feasibility, Sustainability, and the Subscribe-to-Open Model

    Like all OA funding models, subscribe-to-open solves some problems while creating others. Some of the downsides are pretty fundamental.

    The post Feasibility, Sustainability, and the Subscribe-to-Open Model appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

    Guest Post — APC Waiver Policies; A Job Half-done?

    APC waivers aim to help ensure that researchers from low- and middle-income countries can publish their research. But the current system is hindered by lack of awareness, clarity and consistency. Andrea Powell proposes how publishers could improve the situation.

    The post Guest Post — APC Waiver Policies; A Job Half-done? appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

    A Fork in the Road: Peter Suber on the importance of supporting Open Science Infrastructure

    On a gloomy Friday afternoon back in March, SPARC Europe had the pleasure of interviewing a very special guest. We sat down (in our respective living rooms, in front of our […]

    The post A Fork in the Road: Peter Suber on the importance of supporting Open Science Infrastructure appeared first on SPARC Europe.

    Guest Post – An Early Look at the Impact of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Journals Warning List

    At the end of 2020, the Chinese Academy of Sciences issued their first “Early Warning List of International Journals”. Christos Petrou takes a look at the early impacts this list has had on the journals and publishers named.

    The post Guest Post – An Early Look at the Impact of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Journals Warning List appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

    Guest Post — A Unified, Common Ground Approach to Open

    Global initiatives in open are decentralized and disconnected, lacking researcher input and buy-in. An “opens solutions” approach can both embrace and leverage that diversity, ensuring that it all contributes to the greater whole.

    The post Guest Post — A Unified, Common Ground Approach to Open appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

    Publishers Care about the Version of Record, Do Researchers?

    Study of researchers indicates that a preprint or accepted manuscript can substitute for the version of record in some use cases but not all.

    The post Publishers Care about the Version of Record, Do Researchers? appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.

    Publishers Care about the Version of Record, Do Researchers?

    Study of researchers indicates that a preprint or accepted manuscript can substitute for the version of record in some use cases but not all.

    The post Publishers Care about the Version of Record, Do Researchers? appeared first on The Scholarly Kitchen.