The OAPEN Library and the origin of downloads – libraries & academic institutions – OAPEN – supporting the transition to open access for academic books

On a regular basis, we look at the download data of the OAPEN Library and where it comes from. While examining the data from January to August 2021, we focused on the usage originating from libraries and academic institutions. Happily, we found that more than 1,100 academic institutions and libraries have used the OAPEN Library.

Of course, we do not actively track individual users. Instead we use a more general approach: we look at the website from which the download from the OAPEN Library originated. How does that work? For instance, when someone in the library of the University of Leipzig clicks on the download link of a book in the OAPEN library, two things happen: first, the book is directly available on the computer that person is working on, and second, the OAPEN server notes the ‘return address’: https://katalog.ub.uni-leipzig.de/. We have no way of knowing who the person is that started the download, we just know the request originated from the Leipzig University Library. Furthermore, some organisations choose to suppress sending their ‘return address’, making them anonymous.

What is helpful to us, is the fact that aggregators such as ExLibris, EBSCO or SerialSolutions use a specific return address. Examples are “west-sydney-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com” – pointing to the library of the Western City University – or “sfx.unibo.it”– coming from the library of the Università di Bologna. And in this way, many academic libraries can also be identified from their web address. Some academic institutions only display their ‘general’ address.

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New collaboration between SCOAP³ For Books and OAPEN: Open Access Books in Particle Physics | OAPEN

“SCOAP³ – the Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics – is collaborating with OAPEN as part of its latest open access book initiative. Since the introduction of SCOAP³ in 2012 under the auspices of the European Organization of Nuclear Research (CERN), the transition to open access for scientific articles in particle physics has progressed rapidly. Over 90% of the annually published scientific articles in High-Energy physics have been made free for both readers and authors worldwide.

In 2019, the SCOAP³ Governing Council approved the SCOAP³ for Books initiative to expand the content made available through the program to include academic books in particle physics and neighboring disciplines (including accelerator physics, instrumentation, etc)….”

DOAB/OAPEN reaches important funding milestone | SCOSS – The Global Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services

 

The Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) and OAPEN, jointly part of SCOSS’s second funding cycle, has met a significant milestone by reaching its three-year funding goal of 505,000 Euros in about 18 months, despite the COVID-19 challenge. SCOSS and DOAB/OAPEN would like to express their gratitude towards its global funding community of 89 institutions from 14 countries that have contributed to this campaign. Ahead lies now the challenge for DOAB/OAPEN to sustain this crucial financial support from the community.

10 Years for Open Access Books: OAPEN Foundation Annual Report 2020

“On the occasion of its tenth anniversary in 2020, the OAPEN Foundation publishes the OAPEN Foundation Annual Report 2020 on the results and developments achieved in the last decade.

The report begins with the 2020 highlights in the OAPEN Library and Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) services. According to the report, the online library and publishing platform for OA books OAPEN Library currently contains more than 15,000 OA books that can be downloaded directly, with the majority of titles under a CC-BY licence. Download numbers increased by 77 per cent year-on-year to over five million. In addition to the many new publishers and publications in the OAPEN Library, the Covid 19 pandemic, but also the transfer of the online library to the open-source platform DSpace, are major contributing factors, according to the report.
The DOAB – a free international hub also run by the OAPEN Foundation – indexes OA books and makes them accessible. According to the report, it now contains more than 40,000 metadata for OA titles from over 500 publishers that meet the requirements for peer review and open licensing. At the beginning of the year, the migration to the open source platform DSpace 6 was successfully implemented (see our news of 22 Januar 2021)….”

OAPEN Foundation 2020 Annual Report

In 2020, the OAPEN Foundation celebrated its 10 year anniversary as an open infrastructure service for open access (OA) books, providing services to publishers, libraries, and research funders in the areas of hosting, deposit, quality assurance, dissemination, and digital preservation. The mission of OAPEN to increase discoverability of OA books and to build trust around OA books has been leading us through a challenging year marked by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Open access book usage data – how close is COUNTER to the other kind?

Abstract:  In April 2020, the OAPEN Library moved to a new platform, based on DSpace 6. During the same period, IRUS-UK started working on the deployment of Release 5 of the COUNTER Code of Practice (R5). This is, therefore, a good moment to compare two widely used usage metrics – R5 and Google Analytics (GA). This article discusses the download data of close to 11,000 books and chapters from the OAPEN Library, from the period 15 April 2020 to 31 July 2020. When a book or chapter is downloaded, it is logged by GA and at the same time a signal is sent to IRUS-UK. This results in two datasets: the monthly downloads measured in GA and the usage reported by R5, also clustered by month. The number of downloads reported by GA is considerably larger than R5. The total number of downloads in GA for the period is over 3.6 million. In contrast, the amount reported by R5 is 1.5 million, around 400,000 downloads per month. Contrasting R5 and GA data on a country-by-country basis shows significant differences. GA lists more than five times the number of downloads for several countries, although the totals for other countries are about the same. When looking at individual tiles, of the 500 highest ranked titles in GA that are also part of the 1,000 highest ranked titles in R5, only 6% of the titles are relatively close together. The choice of metric service has considerable consequences on what is reported. Thus, drawing conclusions about the results should be done with care. One metric is not better than the other, but we should be open about the choices made. After all, open access book metrics are complicated, and we can only benefit from clarity.

 

Informationsplattform Open Access: Jetzt mitfördern: Unterstützung von DOAB/OAPEN, PKP und OpenCitations über SCOSS

“The SCOSS network recognizes the importance of the three infrastructure services for the global open access transformation and contributes to sustainable financing

The global network Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services (SCOSS) has been supporting the expansion of an open science infrastructure since 2017 by recommending important non-commercial services for funding every year. The call is aimed at the Open Access / Open Science community with the recommendation that these projects be financially supported for three years.

In the current second funding cycle – which is about to end – SCOSS calls for support for three projects that are of particular importance for the expansion of the OA / OS infrastructure: DOAB / OAPEN, PKP and OpenCitations. We, the project open-access.network, support this call to promote the selected services. All three make an important contribution to the implementation of the global Open Access transformation and sustainably promote the opening of science.

Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) and Open Access Publishing in European Networks (OAPEN)

DOAB and OAPEN are closely linked: The DOAB increases the visibility and findability of peer-reviewed open access books. It collects metadata and links that can be integrated into their systems by both libraries and commercial aggregators. The OAPEN library, on the other hand, is a repository for freely accessible scientific books. The project works with publishers and research sponsors to set up and offers various services for libraries, publishers and sponsors.

Public Knowledge Project (PKP) 

The PKP improves the quality and reach of scientific publishing by developing, among other things, open source software such as Open Journal System (OJS) for the management and publication of open access journals. The software is used by more than 9,000 magazines. For example, the Open Monograph Press (OMP) platform for books was developed in line with this tool .

OpenCitations

The OpenCitations project is dedicated to the publication of open bibliographical data and citation data using technologies of the Semantic Web (Linked Data) and is a founding member of the Initiative for Open Citation (I4OC) ….”

OA Books Toolkit

The OAPEN Open Access Books Toolkit covers specific topics related to open access books. Each article offers a quick and brief introduction to a particular aspect of open access book publishing. The toolkit also serves as a signposting tool: articles include a list of sources referenced, further reading and links to definitions of key terms.

Fair OA publishers, infrastructures and initiatives supported by KU Leuven | KU Leuven Open Science

KU Leuven promotes non-commercial and community-owned approaches of OA, especially through the KU Leuven Fund for Fair OA. On the one hand, the fund supports innovative publishing initiatives and infrastructures. On the other hand, the fund covers membership costs for consortia and advocacy organizations focusing on a non-commercial approach to scholarly communication. On this page you can find an overview of everything that KU Leuven endorses.

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OAPEN Open Access Books Toolkit – Open Repositories 2021

“There is a growing interest in making academic books Open Access (OA) with the number of OA books increasing each year along with the introduction of additional funder mandates. However limited awareness amongst authors as well as a lack of understanding and common misconceptions about licensing and quality, for barriers in the transition to OA for books.

Within the context of open scholarship this calls for an open resource that is easy to use, kept up-to-date and relevant for authors and research support worldwide.  This has resulted in the concept of an Open Access Books Toolkit.”

DOAB appoints a new Community Manager & SCOSS Campaign

“DOAB is pleased to announce the appointment of Tom Mosterd as its new Community Manager. In this new role, Tom Mosterd will be working closely with the DOAB community on an open and inclusive future for the DOAB and OAPEN infrastructures. He will be responsible for communications, campaigns and is the contact point for institutional prospects and customers. His primary focus will be to manage the SCOSS fundraising campaign for DOAB and OAPEN….”

DOAB and OAPEN jointly selected for second funding cycle SCOSS | OAPEN

“The Global Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services (SCOSS) has selected OAPEN and DOAB for its second funding cycle. 

SCOSS is appealing to institutions invested in Open Access and Open Science – academic institutions and their libraries, research institutes, funding organisations, national and regional governments, international organisations, learned societies and service providers to consider helping support one or more of the selected services through a three-year commitment.

SCOSS was formed in early 2017 with the purpose of providing a new coordinated cost-sharing framework for enabling the broader OA and OS community to support the non-commercial services on which it depends. In its pilot funding cycle, more than 1.5 million euros have been pledged by more than 200 institutions worldwide to help secure the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and SHERPA Ro/MEO. Apart from OAPEN and DOAB, the second funding cycle includes the Public Knowledge Project (PKP) and OpenCitations. More information can be found here: www.scoss.org

SCOSS encourages supporting both DOAB and OAPEN since they are closely interlinked and share the same goal to support the transition to OA books and to increase trust in OA book publishing….”