STM’s Peer Review Taxonomy To Be Formalized As An ANSI/NISO Standard | NISO website

“The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and STM, the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers today announced the formation of a new NISO Working Group to formalize the Peer Review Taxonomy as an ANSI/NISO standard, following approval of the project by NISO Voting Members late last month. NISO invites volunteers to join the soon-to-be-formed Working Group, which will be merged with the existing STM Working Group. 

In 2019, STM recognized the need to support the industry in ensuring greater transparency and openness in peer review, which is an essential element of Open Science. This support includes harmonizing and better communicating definitions of discrete elements of these processes, so that members of the community—whether they be authors, reviewers, editors or readers—can quickly and easily recognize how to more productively participate in the creation and qualification of scholarly content. An STM Working Group was formed, which developed standard definitions and best practice recommendations for the communication of peer review processes, now available in its version 2.0 form. NISO will now take on this output and further develop it into a version 3.0, which will be made available for public comment and then published as a formal ANSI/NISO standard once it has been reviewed and approved by NISO Voting Members. …”

NISO’s Recommended Practice on Reproducibility Badging and Definitions Now Published | Industry Announcements and Events SSP-L

“The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) today announces the publication of its Recommended Practice, RP-31-2021, Reproducibility Badging and Definitions. Developed by the NISO Taxonomy, Definitions, and Recognition Badging Scheme Working Group, this new Recommended Practice provides a set of recognition standards that can be deployed across scholarly publishing outputs, to easily recognize and reward the sharing of data and methods….”

Heather Joseph Named As NISO’s 2021 Miles Conrad Awardee 

“We are thrilled to announce that Heather Joseph, Executive Director of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), will be the recipient of the 2021 Miles Conrad Award, a lifetime achievement award for those working in the information community.

A well-known and highly respected member of the global information community, Heather will join a long list of industry leaders, innovators, and opinion-makers who have received this prestigious award. She will deliver the Miles Conrad Lecture during the NISO Plus 2021 conference, on February 24 at noon (Eastern Standard Time US & Canada), so be sure to register now and mark your calendars!…”

NISO Voting Members Approve Work to Update Journal Article Versions (JAV)

“The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) announced today that their Voting Members have approved a new work item to update the 2008 Recommended Practice, NISO RP-8-2008, Journal Article Versions (JAV): Recommendations of the NISO/ALPSP JAV Technical Working Group. A NISO Working Group is being set up, and work is expected to begin in early 2021. 

Publication practices have changed rapidly since the publication of the original recommendations. For example, preprints have become much more important as a publication type in many disciplines, and publishers are increasingly experimenting with new ways to publish, update, and keep research alive. All of these versions of an article are important and citable, making the concept of a single ‘version of record’ less relevant. These additional processes to support public availability make the consistent assignment of DOIs to one or more versions challenging. 

The NISO JAV working group will define a set of terms for each of the different versions of content that are published, as well as a recommendation for whether separate DOIs should be assigned to them. They will address questions such as: Should there be a single DOI for an article, regardless of version? Different DOIs for each version? How are the identifiers connected and used? How do we define a version? As with all NISO output, the group’s draft recommendations will be shared for public comment before publication….”

Standards Committee Votes – 11/8/2020 – Association for Information Science and Technology | ASIS&T

“1) Voted YES on Approval of Proposed New Work Item: Update NISO RP-8-2008, Journal Article Versions (JAV)

 

Question:

Do you approve of a Proposed New Work Item: Update NISO RP-8-2008, Journal Article Versions (JAV)?

Description:

This ballot is to approve a proposed new work item to Update NISO RP-8-2008, Journal Article Versions (JAV) [https://www.niso.org/publications/niso-rp-8-2008-jav] to take into account publication practices that have been adopted over the past 12 years, especially the increasing circulation of preprints and the application of DOIs across the landscape….”

Two-Part Webinar: By Faculty and For Students and Open Access Monographs | NISO website

“By Faculty and For Students: Supporting Open Educational Resources, Part One:

How do participating players — whether the librarian or the member of the faculty — successfully drive buy-in by the target audience, the undergraduates? What is important to consider in terms of design that engages students/ What indicators of use are deemed valuable? Some texts may not lend themselves to being printed out. In some instances, the subject matter may dictate appropriate design (interactive? Text only? Images?). The creation of low-cost textbooks and curriculum support is recognized as important, but, moving forward, how is the community dealing with the challenges of ensuring currency and quality? How does the community ensure access for all users who may not have access to the same technology? What support might be made available to faculty interested in developing these materials?

Open Access Monographs: What You Need To Know, Part Two:

A 2019 article in The Atlantic observed that the current disruption in scholarly book publishing might result in the Great Sorting, what the author saw as a beneficial “matching of different kinds of scholarly uses with the right media, formats and locations.” In this specific arena, who are the stakeholders currently delivering open access monographs? What are the current business models that represent sustainability for those stakeholders? Recognizing that the population of interested readers of these works may be far larger than the actual revenues derived, how can both publishing professionals as well as librarians assist users in discovering such high-value OA monographs?…”

NISO RP-19-2020, Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery | NISO website

“NISO constituted a new Open Discovery Initiative Standing Committee following the approval of the ODI Recommended Practice. This standing committee has worked to facilitate the adoption of the principals of the Recommended Practice and to promote the adoption of conformance statements from discovery service providers and content providers. The committee has extended the work of the ODI Working Group by conducting additional surveys addressed to Content Providers, Discovery Service Providers, and to libraries to gather more extensive and recent data regarding the content discovery environment and to identify interest in enhancements to the Recommended Practice. Informed by these survey responses, the ODI Standing Committee has developed a revision to the Recommended Practice….”

Next Steps Toward Using CRediT for Credit | NISO website

“Ensuring that researchers get credit for all the work they do, not just for the papers they write, is essential if we are ever to move beyond the current culture of “publish or perish.” Securing funding, managing data, writing software, and more are every bit as important to the success of a research project. But these roles are typically harder to identify and, therefore, tend to be overlooked when a researcher’s work is being evaluated, for example, when they are applying for promotion or tenure or seeking funding.

The CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy) initiative aims to make it easier for researchers to get the credit they deserve for all their contributions, by identifying 14 different roles that can be assigned to one or more contributors to a research project. This information can then be included in the metadata for any research output — articles, books/book chapters, datasets, etc.

The CRediT taxonomy grew out of a Wellcome Trust/Harvard University workshop in 2012, which led to a pilot project to test it out with a group of science journal editors, the results of which were reported in Nature Communications. The 14 roles that have been defined are:

Conceptualization: formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims
Data curation: management activities to annotate, scrub data, and maintain research data for initial use and later re-use
Formal analysis: application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data
Funding acquisition: getting financial support for the project leading to the publication
Investigation: conducting the research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection
Methodology: development or design of the methodology; creation of models
Project administration: management and coordination responsibility for the research activity, planning, and execution
Resources: providing study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools
Software: programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components
Supervision: oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team
Validation: verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs
Visualization: preparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation
Writing – original draft: preparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation)
Writing – review and editing: reparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision, including pre- or post-publication stages …”

COVID-19: Response from the Information Community | NISO website

“Response to the Current Pandemic by the Information Community

NOTE: This news and resource page is being updated as information makes its way to us. The content is not confined just to those from the NISO membership. Did we overlook something that your organization is doing? Please send releases and announcements to Jill O’Neill, Director of Content, NISO, at joneill@niso.org….”

Standards and the Role of Preprints in Scholarly Communication | NISO website

“One vision (hereafter, referred to as “model”) for preprint publication, disclosed in an evolving preprint [1], focuses on physics preprints in arXiv. This focus is natural, given that physicists and allied practitioners of other mathematical and quantitative fields have been long-standing adopters of preprints. Unsurprisingly, arXiv has therefore played a lead role in the preprint space. Preprint servers that share the “-rXiv” suffix with arXiv have emerged.

The model may never materialize in pristine form. This would take decades at a minimum. However, it provides one analytical framework for understanding the interplay of various components of scholarly journals publishing and for thinking about how preprints can mitigate problems that beset this complicated market. (A new version of the aforementioned preprint will further develop this critique, which is beyond the scope of this paper and discusses open access generally.)

The model suggests that journal publishing and preprints in physics should be increasingly symbiotic. They have distinct roles that reflect historically recurring needs in physics (and STEM) publishing generally….

The model suggests, by contrast, that journal articles take the form of traditional review articles [5] that cite other journal articles, conference proceedings, books, and — increasingly — research disclosed over several preprints. Journal articles should play a pedagogical role in orienting researchers and students to new fields, creating narratives about newly emerging trends, contextualizing discoveries, and fostering interdisciplinary research.

The model calls for the journal market to contract significantly but not entirely as preprints supplant journal articles as the place to disclose small slivers of research. Re-purposing journal articles and correspondingly trimming their numbers will decrease demand for journal subscriptions that pressure budget-strapped libraries. An increased emphasis on review articles will assist researchers in navigating their fields, help counter hyper-specialization, and make the inter-generational transmission of science much more efficient. Also, contracting the journals market and re-purposing it almost exclusively toward review articles can save genius-hours spent doing peer-review, time better spent doing research disclosed in preprints, writing or reviewing integrative journal articles, and teaching….”

ODI: Open Discovery Initiative | NISO website

“The Public Comment period for the updated ODI Recommended Practice is now under way. You may access the draft document, submit a comment, and view comments received through March 9, 2020.  The Standing Committee values your input and will consider and respond to all comments before final publication of the Recommended Practice.

WHAT IT IS…

 

A technical recommendation for data exchange including data formats, method of delivery, usage reporting, frequency of updates and rights of use
A way for libraries to assess content providers’ participation in discovery services
A model by which content providers work with discovery service vendors via fair and unbiased indexing and linking…”

Open Source Publishing Technologies: Current Status and Emerging Possibilities | NISO website

“This session will focus on discussions of open source publishing platforms and systems. What is the value proposition? What functionalities are commonplace? Where are the pitfalls in adoption and use by publishers or by libraries? What potential is there for scholarly societies who are similarly responsible for publication support and dissemination? Given the rising interest in open access and open educational resources, this session will offer professionals a sense of what is available, a sense of practical concerns and a general sense of their future direction….”

Guest Post – Building Pipes and Fixing Leaks: Demystifying and Decoding Scholarly Information Discovery & Interchange – The Scholarly Kitchen

Stakeholders in the scholarly information content supply chain need to design and build effective content pipelines to find and fix content leaks, breaks and blockages. NISO’s Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) is a committee of librarians, content providers and discovery service representatives dedicated to enhancing scholarly information discovery through greater collaboration across the community. ODI engages all parties in the discovery chain, for web-scale discovery services like EDS, Primo, Summon and WorldCat Discovery,  to ensure transparency and freedom of choice through rich metadata inclusion, resource interoperability, statistical consistency, and link customization and optimization.

In 2018 ODI published The ODI Implementation Guide for Content Providers, to help content providers conform to the ODI Recommendations issued in 2014. As a checklist developed out of “Should publishers work with library discovery technologies and what can they do?”, the Implementation Guide is a roadmap to help content providers detect and fix discovery-related problems. Although the focus is on web-scale discovery tools, the methodologies can be used for other search channels as well. The following sections summarize recommendations from the Implementation Guide and provide examples on how content providers, discovery service providers and libraries are working together to build better content pipelines and fix leaks….”