Open Source and Community-Supported Infrastructure | NISO | 24 Aug 2022

“Open Source and Community-Supported Infrastructure

Virtual Conference

Scope

We frequently hear that infrastructure is costly to build and maintain. Systems require investment and ongoing maintenance for the community to really benefit from and trust them. To ensure long-term success, community groups need to consider which of the spectrum of models currently in use  will best sustain key information infrastructure. What’s working, and what’s been abandoned — and why?  What are the best practices for working across organizational boundaries? How can community leaders encourage the commitment needed to ensure sustainability as well as development? This virtual conference will bring together a group of experts to address these and other questions about the expansion of open source and community-supported infrastructure….”

Text and Data Mining | NISO website

“Not so long ago, Text and Data Mining (TDM) — the automated detection of patterns and extraction of knowledge from machine-readable content or data — was a particular area of interest. So much so, that libraries and content providers developed licensing language and other resources to support researchers wanting to work with and manipulate this material, including a proliferation of LibGuides and APIs. But where are we now in identifying available resources and tools for TDM activities?

This virtual conference will provide an “explainer” for information professionals tasked with supporting researchers who are just beginning to engage with TDM, and wondering how to pull the data they need, how it is structured, and how they can expect to engage with it. Our speakers will cover essential technology, how it is deployed and used, the scope of support that the library may be asked to provide, and the spectrum of options for collaboration between information professionals and content and service providers.”

Building an Equitable, Global Research Community | NISO website

“In the wake of a global pandemic, it becomes increasingly obvious that solutions to the complex problems facing us require a fully integrated and collaborative approach. Irrespective of discipline, it’s essential that the high-quality research being undertaken everywhere is brought to the fore. How can we better ensure that the important work being done in less visible locations or facilities is more discoverable and properly recognized? How can we best leverage the value of preprint services? What networks or platforms are needed? The speakers in this virtual conference will offer plenty of food for creative thought in terms of innovation — though they may have more questions than answers!”

Building Access, Openness, and Sharing | NISO website

“What do we need in order to build a research environment where streamlined digital access is the norm? Addressing technical debt is one challenge, but what are some of the others? All of us have an interest in furthering the expansion of knowledge, so what innovations, what approaches have the past two years proven to be most effective? What can stakeholders envision for the future? Focusing on both platform technology and the policies that govern those platforms, this virtual event will look at some of the practices and policies that are critical to supporting expanded access and sharing of scholarship.”

Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) Formalized as ANSI/NISO Standard | NISO website

“The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) today announces its publication of the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) as an ANSI/NISO standard, Z39.104-2022. The taxonomy, which was originally developed in 2014, describes 14 roles that represent the typical range of contributors to scientific scholarly outputs, and that can be used to enable recognition and facilitate transparency to the myriad contributions to research in our increasingly networked scholarly ecosystem. CRediT is already in use by more than 50 organizations, a majority of which are scholarly publishers, collectively representing thousands of journals….”

NISO Plus 2022 Presentation – Globalization of the information infrastructure: challenges and opportunities

“What does it take to create a truly global research infrastructure? How can we ensure easy and equitable access to this infrastructure for researchers and their organizations around the world and across all disciplines? What are the main barriers to widespread adoption, and what new opportunities are there for develop new infrastructures? The speakers in this session will be sharing their perspectives as both infrastructure providers and users, and will be encouraging you to share yours.”

Building Bridges with the Manuscript Exchange Common Approach (MECA) – The Scholarly Kitchen

“Two specific workflows precipitated the formation of MECA, focused on reducing the effort of authors during the submission process, and allowing reviewers to “reuse” reviews. Specifically, MECA is focused on:

Cascading workflows, where articles submitted to a journal are transferred to another journal within a publisher’s family of journals (an effort by publishers to not lose good research to other publishers), and
Preprint servers, and the desire for both preprint servers and publishers to be able to push articles from preprint servers to journals and vice versa….”

Open Research | NISO website

“Open research — making the entire research process more transparent, and results more accessible, in the interest of reproducibility and verification — continues to gain momentum globally. This event will look at the current state of open research around the world, examine needs across different communities, and identify next steps that might be useful in helping to meet those needs. The agenda will cover a broad range of topics, including open peer review and data-sharing,  reproducibility, and metrics for open access outputs, as well as the current and future role of publication in preserving the scholarly record.

Confirmed speakers include (among others) Glenn Hampson, Program Director, Open Scholarship Initiative; Toby Green, Co-founder, Coherent Digital; Alison Mudditt, CEO, PLOS; and Jason Priem and Heather Piwowar, OurResearch.org….”

NISO Announces New Project to Integrate Publisher and Repository Workflows | NISO website

“The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) today announced that its Voting Members have approved work on a new project, Integrating Publisher and Repository Workflows to Improve Research Data-Article Links. 

With widespread support for open data from many government entities, publishers, funders, and other stakeholders, research data is increasingly being deposited, published, and cited. However, there are still a number of barriers — technical as well as cultural. This new project aims to address some of the technical issues by making linking between data and other research objects with their associated literature both easier and more consistent. The new NISO Working Group on Integrating Publisher and Repository Workflows to Improve Research Data-Article Links will develop a Recommended Practice for how publisher and repository systems should interoperate, so that link creation happens automatically.

Building on industry efforts such as the RDA/WDS Scholarly Link Exchange (Scholix),  JATS4R Recommendations on Data Citations and Data Availability Statements, this project aims to define the information required at each end of the bidirectional link between datasets and other research works, including what notifications are needed. The goal is to create a Recommended Practice that platform providers of all sizes can aspire to meet.

The Working Group’s remit will include defining the required metadata, building a terminology of events and of citation/link types for data/article relationships, and agreeing what information needs to be exchanged and in which direction.  …”

2021 Miles Conrad Award Lecture: Heather Joseph

This paper is based upon the 2021 Miles Conrad Award Lecture that was given by Heather Joseph at the second annual NISO Plus conference held virtually from February 22–25, 2021. The lecture provided a brief look back at the emergence of the Open Access (OA) movement in scholarly communication beginning with the E-biomed proposal in 1999 that was shortly followed by the Budapest Declaration released on February 14, 2002, through how far it has come in almost two decades.

The author notes that the initial reaction to OA was often just a quick dismissal of it as an idealistic pipe dream and as the idea began to grow in popularity, skepticism changed into hostility. OA was criticized as being too disruptive to the then-existent publishing paradigm. Yet, far from disappearing, the movement towards the open sharing of knowledge steadily advanced. Today conversations about “why” or “whether” to open up the scholarly communication system have evolved into conversations about how best to do it.

The author notes that the Budapest Declaration underscored that the end goal of OA is to empower individuals and communities around the world with the ability to share their knowledge as well as to share in accessing the knowledge of others. She warns that members of the global scholarly communication community must look critically at who currently can participate in the production of knowledge, and whose voices are represented in the “global intellectual conversation” that need to be facilitated. Whose voices are still are left out because structural barriers – be they technical, financial, legal, cultural, or linguistic – prevent them from joining?

STM’s Peer Review Taxonomy To Be Formalized As An ANSI/NISO Standard | NISO website

“The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and STM, the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers today announced the formation of a new NISO Working Group to formalize the Peer Review Taxonomy as an ANSI/NISO standard, following approval of the project by NISO Voting Members late last month. NISO invites volunteers to join the soon-to-be-formed Working Group, which will be merged with the existing STM Working Group. 

In 2019, STM recognized the need to support the industry in ensuring greater transparency and openness in peer review, which is an essential element of Open Science. This support includes harmonizing and better communicating definitions of discrete elements of these processes, so that members of the community—whether they be authors, reviewers, editors or readers—can quickly and easily recognize how to more productively participate in the creation and qualification of scholarly content. An STM Working Group was formed, which developed standard definitions and best practice recommendations for the communication of peer review processes, now available in its version 2.0 form. NISO will now take on this output and further develop it into a version 3.0, which will be made available for public comment and then published as a formal ANSI/NISO standard once it has been reviewed and approved by NISO Voting Members. …”