CONSECUENCIAS EN LA PRODUCCIÓN CIENTÍFICA DE LA COVID-19

[Spanish-language article with an English-language abstract.]

Abstract:  The impact and the universality of the pandemic by SARS-CoV-2 has caused the need to have information quickly and accessible for the benefit of decision-making among healthcare professionals. In 10 months the scientific production on this new coronavirus has exceeded the number of 66 thousand articles, according to the LitCovid database, created by the National Library of Medicine, doubling and tripling every few weeks. This same urgency has characterized some of the main features of this voluminous production, in addition to its continuous and exponential growth, such as greater dissemination in open access and preprint  repositories, a certain acceleration in the manuscript review process by editorials and an abundance of opinion articles, recommendations or comments compared to a smaller number of original articles with clinical data from large groups of patients.

LSU Libraries hosts open access e-textbook for Spanish 2155 | LSU Libraries News & Notes

“This past fall, students in Dr. Carmela Mattza’s Spanish 2155 course were able to access their course textbook free of cost from LSU Digital Commons. Mattza, an associate professor of Spanish, published her e-textbook Variedades: Intermediate/Advanced Spanish Conversation in the University’s institutional repository, which is hosted by LSU Libraries. Articles and books in LSU Digital Commons are open access, which means they are available to everyone at no cost….”

LSU Libraries hosts open access e-textbook for Spanish 2155 | LSU Libraries News & Notes

“This past fall, students in Dr. Carmela Mattza’s Spanish 2155 course were able to access their course textbook free of cost from LSU Digital Commons. Mattza, an associate professor of Spanish, published her e-textbook Variedades: Intermediate/Advanced Spanish Conversation in the University’s institutional repository, which is hosted by LSU Libraries. Articles and books in LSU Digital Commons are open access, which means they are available to everyone at no cost….”

DIGITAL.CSIC: monitor del Mandato de Acceso abierto del CSIC – Home

From Google’s English:  “The objective of this website is to periodically analyze the degree of compliance with the CSIC’s institutional open access mandate that came into effect on April 1, 2019. [CSIC = Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.]

This institutional mandate is part of the so-called “green route mandates” since it chooses the DIGITAL.CSIC repository as a channel for opening the research results of its research community.

The mandate affects a wide range of types of research results. On the one hand, the CSIC provides that the bibliographic references (metadata) of all peer-reviewed publications (articles, book chapters, books, conference communications) be made public and permanently in DIGITAL.CSIC from the moment of their publication. editorial acceptance and that their full texts are freely available on DIGITAL.CSIC as soon as publishers allow.

On the other hand, it provides that the bibliographic references (metadata) of the datasets associated with journal articles be made public permanently in DIGITAL.CSIC from the moment of the editorial acceptance of the associated articles and that such datasets are in open access in DIGITAL.CSIC as long as there are no legitimate reasons for confidentiality, intellectual property and / or security.

We inaugurate this website with the publication of the results of a first monitoring carried out by the Technical Office of DIGITAL.CSIC throughout the summer of 2020.

We hope that this website will be a useful and transparent instrument to monitor the degree of compliance with the institutional mandate at the CSIC institute level and as a basis for analytical studies of various kinds….”

Elsevier en lugar de negociar con las universidades propone un spywere contra Sci-Hub | Universo Abierto

From Google’s English:  “However, instead of offering transparent open access contracts on fair terms, Elsevier has adopted a different strategy in the fight against shadow libraries like Sci-Hub. These must be fought as “cybercrime”, if necessary also with technological means. Within the framework of  The Scholarly Networks Security Initiative (SNSI) , founded in conjunction with other major publishers, Elsevier is campaigning for libraries to upgrade with security technology. In a SNSI webinar titled” Cybersecurity Landscape – Protecting the Scholarly Infrastructure “Hosted by two senior executives at Elsevier, one speaker recommended that publishers develop their own proxy or proxy plug-in for libraries to access more (usage) data (“develop or subsidize a low-cost proxy or proxy plug-in). existing proxies ”). With the help of an “analysis engine”, not only could the location of access be better delineated, but biometric data (eg typing speed) or striking usage patterns (eg a student pharmacy suddenly interested in astrophysics). Any doubt that this software could also be used – if not primarily – against shadow libraries like SCI-HUB was dispelled by the next speaker.”

Evaluación científica y el acceso abierto (Introducción) | OpenlabEC

From Google’s English:  “What do you want to obtain when it is measured in the evaluation process? What do we measure for? What are the effects of Citation Indicator Based Assessment (FI-SJR)?

The talk will review the dominant evaluation model based on the FI / SJR, in quartiles; The effects it has had on LATAM and the possibilities of implementing different indicators will be explored….”

Licenciamientos alternativos y tradicionales (derechos intelectuales) | OpenlabEC

From Google’s English:  “Intellectual property, and in particular copyright, is a legal area that has been greatly impacted by new technologies, and especially by public networks such as the Internet.

The purpose of this session is to review the most important aspects of intellectual property, alternative licenses such as creative commons, GPL, free culture, especially copyright, its limitations and exceptions in light of the transnational nature of the Internet.”

OpenlabEC

From Google’s English:  “We are a citizen laboratory in Ecuador, which seeks to generate dialogues and experiences related to digital culture, citizen participation and open knowledge. We define ourselves as activists for the free software movement, popular and critical education, citizen science, privacy, open innovation, the development of computational thinking and the horizontal exchange of knowledge.

We do everything, debates, courses, hackathons, labs, social projects, mentoring, art exhibitions, mapping, conferences, all from an open and collaborative perspective. We want to support the free and digital culture communities of the country, necessary to promote the economy of knowledge and creativity that society needs.

We advise the production of virtual events and innovation processes with academic institutions, the media, NGOs and civil society.

We are a non-profit organization that seeks to generate redistribution and self-management of its processes. We collaborate with different organizations in the country and Latin America related to our same principles.”

Manifiesto bibliotecario por la Ciencia Abierta en América Latina | by Juan José Calderón Amador * ? ? | #T5eS? emergencia y esclavitud digital | Aug, 2020 | Medium

From Google’s English:  The Latin American librarians gathered in Bogotá in the framework of OpenCon LatAm 2019, in accordance with the Declaration of Panama on Open, Reproducible and Replicable Science (2018), “we want to make public our confidence in the role of education, culture and science , as the engine of democracy, freedom and social justice in the current historical moment ”. We want more science, we want it for everyone and we want it open.

We declare that:

Our mission is to ensure the right to information and knowledge as a fundamental right, indispensable for education, culture and science.
We recognize knowledge as a common good and we see open science as an opportunity for the development of a sustainable model that ensures the creation, management and communication of data, information and knowledge for all people in society, in all its diversity, without class distinction or conditions.
We are key actors to promote and facilitate cultural change, We assume the commitment to accompany the transition processes and social mobilization, promoting the appropriation of technologies, tools, methodologies, use, generation and opening of knowledge in Latin America and the Caribbean

Therefore, we are committed to developing and supporting the following actions in agreed and collaborative agendas between professionals, citizens, institutions and countries….”

Pensar la pandemiaObservatorio social del Coronavirus – CLACSO

From Google’s English:  “CLACSO opens an observatory to interpret the phenomenon of the global pandemic.

With the conviction that the social sciences and humanities play a central role, CLACSO offers society a set of reflections on an event that affects all dimensions of life in common.
Scientific knowledge is today, more than ever, an indispensable source of information to analyze the social effects and warn about the new forms of inequality that may arise from the crossroads facing the COVID-19 pandemic….”

El Ministerio de Educación de la Argentina y la Coalición S: una asociación que restringirá el Acceso Abierto

“As members of the National University of La Plata, with institutional responsibilities in the visibility of scientific production, we express our concern over the decision of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Technology of the Nation to actively participate in the so-called Coalition S , an international alliance that promotes open access to scientific-academic publications, but under the “charge for publishing in open” (APC) model. Adherence to this system represents an unnecessary millionaire expense, which is also paid with public research funds….”

Redalyc celebra el surgimiento de Invest in Open Infrastructure

Throughout 16 years of experience, Redalyc has promoted, from permanent technological development and accompaniment to editors, a collaborative, sustainable and non-commercial scientific communication for the benefit of the Latin American scientific communities, mainly of the Social Sciences and the Humanities.

In the pursuit of this goal, Redalyc celebrates the emergence of Invest in Open Infrastructure (IOI), an initiative that has brought together various institutions (including OPERAS, SPARC, Center for Open Science and recently Redalyc), meeting with the goal of building a Open, scalable and durable scientific infrastructure that seeks to extend its benefits on a global scale.

Redalyc is pleased to be part of this initiative and thus consolidates its objective of building a collaborative, sustainable and non-commercial Open Access ecosystem for Latin America….”

AmeliCA celebra el surgimiento de Invest in Open Infrastructure – AmeliCA

From Google’s English: “AmeliCA celebrates the emergence of Invest in Open Infrastructure (IOI) and is pleased to be part of this initiative for the benefit of an open, scalable and durable scientific infrastructure that seeks to extend its benefits on a global scale.

AmeliCA, whose principles revolve around the construction of a digital scientific communication system that provides universal access to scientific knowledge and is governed by responsible scientific evaluation systems, has worked for the visibility of science generated in the Global South, offering technology and advice to editorial teams. IOI and AmeliCA share the objective of achieving an Open Access academic publication infrastructure at the service of society….”

Principios y Valores – AmeliCA

[Undated] From Google’s English: 

Principles and values

one.
Scientific knowledge generated with public funds is a common good and access to it is a universal right.
two.
Open Access must be protected legally to avoid the appropriation of scientific knowledge for profit.
3.
Open Access has no future or meaning without an evolution in the systems of evaluation to research.
Four.
The consolidation of Open Access must consider the transition to digital scientific communication as an essential axis.
5.
The economic investment in Open Access must be consistent with its benefit to society, just as commercial solutions are paid.
 
6
The adverse economic scenarios that the AA faces must be overcome with work schemes based on collaboration and sustainability, favoring that the scientific publication continues sustained and led by the academy.
7
It is necessary to recognize the diversity of scientific journals and stop the pressures that seek to homogenize them. For their part, journals should support the strengthening of institutional repositories through the disappearance of embargo and assignment of rights policies.
8
The social impact of science is the basis of the existence of Open Access.
9
It is necessary to respect the different dynamics of generation and circulation of knowledge by area, especially the dynamics of Social Sciences and Humanities.
10
Open Access must be permanently conceptualized and defined accordingly. The three “B” homogenize the conditions of the development of science and the conditions of the South are different from those of the North….”

Los costos del APC: el caso de la Universidad de Antioquia – AmeliCA

From Google’s English: “The costs of publishing openly according to the European tendency to regulate its market of scientific publications have generated a debate that warns Latin America about the need to take a position on the cost that policies such as the Plan S for the development of science and its circulation. Latin America has been a pioneer in proposing a path for open science, provided that the publications of the region were born in open access, where scientific production is created and circulated by the academy itself. However, an important part of European and North American publications have not only charged for publishing, and do so increasingly, but also charge for access to articles. That cost has not been calculated for Latin America. Here is a first exercise, 

In the Institutional Development Plan 2017-2027 , the University of Antioquia adopted open science as one of the guidelines that will guide the development of the Institution in the decade. Under this framework, the University approved in April 2018 the Open Access Policy to the publications for the entity, in which it is defined that the institutional commitment is oriented towards the “Deposited Deposit”, in which the Library System assumes a leading role to be responsible for administering the Institutional Repository that houses the scientific production of the University, provided that copyright (moral and patrimonial) permit.

However, in the areas of socialization and disclosure of the policy it has been observed that a common concern of the researchers has revolved around who would be responsible for financing publications in open access. This in the sense of who finances the Article Processing Charges (APC), automatically assuming that the publication in open access implies the payment of APC to publishers, and ignoring that there are other routes under which open access works and that they require the APC [2] .

It is for this reason, among others, that the University of Antioquia has initiated the development of strategies to size and demystify open access in the Institution. In the first case, an investigative exercise was carried out to measure the institutional practices in Open Access, from the bibliographic sources and with the computation capacities that the CoLaV of the UdeA has been building, this being a collaborative that we have been developing in University. In the second case, an awareness campaign has been designed, open UdeA, which seeks to bring the actors of the University to the world of open access, showing its advantages, practices and the need for its implementation in the institution.

The present text seeks to show progress in the first case, giving a global panorama of the case of the University of Antioquia….”