Open science is facing headwinds

“So, how could anyone disagree with the beautiful principles of open access to knowledge? Who could object to the openness of research articles, research data and research methods?

Openness means changes in the management, sharing and storage of data, and it also challenges the traditions of scientific publishing. Indeed, esteemed science publishers have been engaged in a very profitable business. …”

delightful open science

“This Open Science list is open, just like Open Science itself. What is delightful is rather subjective, because of the background of the initiators the list has started quite nerdy and focussed on infrastructure and scholarly communication. Please help and add more information by adding an “issue” or making a pull request (both options in menu above), especially on topics around reproducibility, meta-science and outreach, where this list is weaker….”

Open Access Guide – ChronosHub

“In this guide, we’ll share our insights about Open Access and address different types of open access questions and concerns to help you, as a researcher or administrative team member, to better understand, know, and feel confident navigating the world of Open Access. The guide is based on our experience at ChronosHub serving researchers, institutions, publishers, and research funders with their open access questions, challenges, and workflows.

You can read four of the chapters online or download the full booklet, so you have all of our knowledge in one place. Oh, and feel free to share it with as many people as you want….”

Open Access 101 – HEPI

“There is much more to share about open access; it is all the above and so much more. However, I hope this brief introduction serves as a useful jumping-off point. The open access – and more broadly the open scholarship – landscape is dynamic and constantly evolving. To foster change all stakeholders need to collaborate to create sustainable and equitable solutions that realise the potential of a more transparent and open scholarly communication system.”

Free science: The importance of open access research – The Boar

“In 2018, a group of research funders decided that it was time to change the system. They declared that any research they funded must be made open access as soon as it was published. In 2021, this pledge – known as Plan S – started to be implemented. Funders ranging from the European Commission to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation now require their funded research to be free to read. Over 10% of research in the world’s most reputable journals is thought to be funded by institutions that have signed up to Plan S, representing a vast number of articles that must be made open access.

So far, though, the success of Plan S has been limited. Many agencies, including some of the most influential in the US and China, are reluctant to sign up to the pledge. Journals often generate revenue for open access articles by increasing per-paper author fees, which means scientists and institutions that can’t afford the fees can’t publish their work – these fees can range anywhere from $500 to $5000. Academic culture rewards researchers for publishing in the most reputable journals, and some feel that open access journals are less prestigious and lower quality.

If Plan S isn’t working right now, then what can be done to improve open access research? Scientists are increasingly using tools to help circumvent the extortionate paywalls of journals. Academics often publish ‘preprints’ – these are draft publications of their work that anyone is free to access. There are also pirate websites, known as ‘shadow libraries’, where academic papers can be accessed for free, but this is largely without the consent of the original authors.

Over time, perhaps the academic culture will shift to one where researchers are judged only on what they publish, and not where they publish. For now, though, the debate on open access continues.”

Institutional Repository Management and Outreach – Library Juice Academy | July 4 – August 14, 2022

“University-based institutional repositories (IRs) provide collections and services to campus communities and the public. Their purpose is to disseminate the digital products of research and scholarship on the web and offer a long-term preservation solution for the academy. This class is an introduction to IRs both practically and conceptually. It covers the role of IRs in higher education and libraries and dives into the nuts and bolts of IR administrative responsibilities, including policy writing, online content management, editorial workflows, permissions and access restrictions, and outreach strategies. Most critically, this course provides a foundational knowledge base or IR managers navigating the complicated world of open access publishing. The main objective of the course is to prepare and equip IR managers with the skills needed in their ongoing digital stewardship work….”

Open Access: A New Ecosystem of Research Publications: Library & Information Science Book Chapter | IGI Global

Abstract:  Academic research has traditionally been published under a subscription model with limited access and exposure. However, in recent years, open access (OA) has spawned a new research publishing economy. Journals have become more accessible in the research sector, with anybody able to see or access them for free on an internet platform. In certain research areas, the transition to openness has progressed more quickly than in others. Communication, education, and employment around the globe have become simpler as a result of the dynamic changes taking place online. Learning has become more equitable as a result of having access to information. Such uninhibited access has effectively opened the door to knowledge, educational resources, and a tremendous quantity of data. This material can be used for societal, educational, and scientific purposes. Given quick access, OA was a tremendously beneficial source for academics, scientists, and researchers during the COVID epidemic. This chapter covers issues related to open access, including OA ethics and OA strategies.

 

Webinar Report: An introduction to open science | Inside eLife | eLife

“On April 12, 2022, our eLife Community Ambassadors and Open Science Champions heard and discussed strategies to sustainably advocate for open science (OS), as well as greater integrity and equity in research.

The aim of the webinar was to introduce OS to this global group of more than 300 early-career researchers (ECRs), as well as to discuss different ways of practising OS and how to overcome the barriers to adopting these – all under the guidance of our experienced panel of open science advocates. With our Community Ambassadors programme, we want to enable each researcher to consider their role in creating a more open and inclusive global research environment, and to facilitate a space and community for all those interested to voice any questions about or ideas for promoting OS practices in their local research communities….”

Opinion: It’s time for the academic paywall to fall – The Varsity

“We must eliminate the root source of the issue: subscription-based academic journals. Simply put, the paywalls benefit nobody. Not the postsecondary students who have to limit their academic reading to what’s included in the bundle their universities buy or fork over 30 USD; not the universities, which could benefit from allocating the millions spent on subscription fees to other, more useful, endeavours; and certainly not the researchers, some of whom pay hundreds or thousands of dollars to make their work open access because the publisher refuses to. 

The only ones that come out triumphant are ridiculously profitable academic publishing services like Elsevier — and something about that just isn’t right.”

Open Access Movement; Initiatives And Challenges

“If India wishes to see a rise in the research capabilities of its existing and prospective researchers, it should invest in making the success of open access movement a reality. The first step toward the realization of this goal is to increase awareness amongst Indian public and academics alike regarding the scholarly publishing practices and the various options available therein, including the option of open access, its potential benefits and challenges.”

Open Access Movement: An Overview of Global Policies and Projects

Abstract:  UNESCO’s sustainable development goal no 4 tries to ensure quality education for all by 2030. In this regard availability of quality educational resources free of cost in public domain is much required. Commercial publishers have been part of academia since ages whose sole purpose is monetary gain by selling academic contents to academia which are produced by academin itself.

Due to this, a large portion of world’s public funded research output lies behind the paywall, limiting the availability of education and research related content in public domain. This not only deprives the open education and learning activity but also creates a barrier between rich and poor institutions in accessing contents behind the paywall

To remove this barrier, the Open Access(OA) movement started aiming to create a sustainable environment of learning and bridging ways of research publication that ensures to save the intellectual right of authors but the content be used and accessed. The current article does a review of the remains free to be OA movement and enlightens about the global policies and projects actively running in support of it.

Institutional Repository Policy Checklist — Infographic

“Building an institutional repository in itself is a time-consuming process. And, it doesn’t end there. To actively reap the benefits it offers, you need to invest time and effort in managing it effectively. But, it gets a lot easier if you have a comprehensive institutional repository policy….”

Blog – Open Access Flips Hundreds of Years of Scientific Research | Linux Professional Institute

“We have viewed the spirit of openness from many angles—in free software, open government, and many other trends—in the Open Anniversary series published on this LPI site during 2021. No field has been more transformed by this spirit than academic research, represented by the Open Access movement. This article discusses the major aspects of Open Access, along with the role of Creative Commons licenses.

The first article in this two-part series lays out the concepts and concerns with Open Access….”