Knowledge Bites #13 : Basics of Open Science and why you should become an advocate. – EELISA

“This knowledge bites session aims to answer why we should be open science advocates and how to do it. During this event Prof. Dr. Louisa Kulke will talk about providing the basics on open science practices, including preregistration, Open Data, Open Access and Open Materials along with her experience sharing….”

What Does It Mean to Be Truly Open Access?

Abstract:  In 2016, when my colleagues and I founded Refract: An Open Access Visual Studies Journal, we spent several sessions making mind maps to generate and settle upon a name for the journal. “Refract” is where we landed, aptly reflecting our aim to break up and reallocate how we produce, present, and grapple with the dissemination of ideas. The element of the title that did not require extensive discussion was “open access.” We instinctively knew that we wanted the journal’s content, contributors, and readership to be as broad and inclusive as possible. Because of that, we prioritized publishing on a digital platform. Digital publishing is an inherent characteristic of open access. But what exactly is open access? How does it encourage innovative scholarship? How does it perpetuate or dissolve academic gatekeeping? 

The open access movement, to make academic papers accessible for all – The Hindu

“The government conceived of ONOS in 2020 to lower this bill, but experts remain sceptical. There are three main concerns — first, while the government will pay a fixed sum to journals, this sum could still be large; secondly which journals will be included in the negotiations and why? (a ‘recommended list’ faced some resistance in 2020); and finally as India has a large population of researchers with diverse interests, journals may not agree on a common price….”


Abstract:  The purpose of this paper is to outline the current trends and strategies in making availability of Open Access (OA) e-resources for users. For essential scholarly content users either subscribe or access to freely available information. Escalating prices of information is forcing users switch to open access information. Emergence of open access enabled researchers worldwide to access scholarly content without any restrictions. Now, the OA philosophy has resulted in more publishing opportunities and more access to scholarly content throughout the world by facilitating the flow of information between industrialized and less industrialized nations.

Open science is facing headwinds

“So, how could anyone disagree with the beautiful principles of open access to knowledge? Who could object to the openness of research articles, research data and research methods?

Openness means changes in the management, sharing and storage of data, and it also challenges the traditions of scientific publishing. Indeed, esteemed science publishers have been engaged in a very profitable business. …”

delightful open science

“This Open Science list is open, just like Open Science itself. What is delightful is rather subjective, because of the background of the initiators the list has started quite nerdy and focussed on infrastructure and scholarly communication. Please help and add more information by adding an “issue” or making a pull request (both options in menu above), especially on topics around reproducibility, meta-science and outreach, where this list is weaker….”

Open Access Guide – ChronosHub

“In this guide, we’ll share our insights about Open Access and address different types of open access questions and concerns to help you, as a researcher or administrative team member, to better understand, know, and feel confident navigating the world of Open Access. The guide is based on our experience at ChronosHub serving researchers, institutions, publishers, and research funders with their open access questions, challenges, and workflows.

You can read four of the chapters online or download the full booklet, so you have all of our knowledge in one place. Oh, and feel free to share it with as many people as you want….”

Open Access 101 – HEPI

“There is much more to share about open access; it is all the above and so much more. However, I hope this brief introduction serves as a useful jumping-off point. The open access – and more broadly the open scholarship – landscape is dynamic and constantly evolving. To foster change all stakeholders need to collaborate to create sustainable and equitable solutions that realise the potential of a more transparent and open scholarly communication system.”

Free science: The importance of open access research – The Boar

“In 2018, a group of research funders decided that it was time to change the system. They declared that any research they funded must be made open access as soon as it was published. In 2021, this pledge – known as Plan S – started to be implemented. Funders ranging from the European Commission to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation now require their funded research to be free to read. Over 10% of research in the world’s most reputable journals is thought to be funded by institutions that have signed up to Plan S, representing a vast number of articles that must be made open access.

So far, though, the success of Plan S has been limited. Many agencies, including some of the most influential in the US and China, are reluctant to sign up to the pledge. Journals often generate revenue for open access articles by increasing per-paper author fees, which means scientists and institutions that can’t afford the fees can’t publish their work – these fees can range anywhere from $500 to $5000. Academic culture rewards researchers for publishing in the most reputable journals, and some feel that open access journals are less prestigious and lower quality.

If Plan S isn’t working right now, then what can be done to improve open access research? Scientists are increasingly using tools to help circumvent the extortionate paywalls of journals. Academics often publish ‘preprints’ – these are draft publications of their work that anyone is free to access. There are also pirate websites, known as ‘shadow libraries’, where academic papers can be accessed for free, but this is largely without the consent of the original authors.

Over time, perhaps the academic culture will shift to one where researchers are judged only on what they publish, and not where they publish. For now, though, the debate on open access continues.”

Institutional Repository Management and Outreach – Library Juice Academy | July 4 – August 14, 2022

“University-based institutional repositories (IRs) provide collections and services to campus communities and the public. Their purpose is to disseminate the digital products of research and scholarship on the web and offer a long-term preservation solution for the academy. This class is an introduction to IRs both practically and conceptually. It covers the role of IRs in higher education and libraries and dives into the nuts and bolts of IR administrative responsibilities, including policy writing, online content management, editorial workflows, permissions and access restrictions, and outreach strategies. Most critically, this course provides a foundational knowledge base or IR managers navigating the complicated world of open access publishing. The main objective of the course is to prepare and equip IR managers with the skills needed in their ongoing digital stewardship work….”

Open Access: A New Ecosystem of Research Publications: Library & Information Science Book Chapter | IGI Global

Abstract:  Academic research has traditionally been published under a subscription model with limited access and exposure. However, in recent years, open access (OA) has spawned a new research publishing economy. Journals have become more accessible in the research sector, with anybody able to see or access them for free on an internet platform. In certain research areas, the transition to openness has progressed more quickly than in others. Communication, education, and employment around the globe have become simpler as a result of the dynamic changes taking place online. Learning has become more equitable as a result of having access to information. Such uninhibited access has effectively opened the door to knowledge, educational resources, and a tremendous quantity of data. This material can be used for societal, educational, and scientific purposes. Given quick access, OA was a tremendously beneficial source for academics, scientists, and researchers during the COVID epidemic. This chapter covers issues related to open access, including OA ethics and OA strategies.


Webinar Report: An introduction to open science | Inside eLife | eLife

“On April 12, 2022, our eLife Community Ambassadors and Open Science Champions heard and discussed strategies to sustainably advocate for open science (OS), as well as greater integrity and equity in research.

The aim of the webinar was to introduce OS to this global group of more than 300 early-career researchers (ECRs), as well as to discuss different ways of practising OS and how to overcome the barriers to adopting these – all under the guidance of our experienced panel of open science advocates. With our Community Ambassadors programme, we want to enable each researcher to consider their role in creating a more open and inclusive global research environment, and to facilitate a space and community for all those interested to voice any questions about or ideas for promoting OS practices in their local research communities….”