See Article 37 on open science. From Google’s English:
“1. The public agents of the Spanish Science, Technology and Innovation System will promote the dissemination of the results of scientific, technological and innovation activity, and that the results of research, including scientific publications, data, codes and methodologies , are available in open access. Free and open access to the results will be promoted through the development of institutional or thematic open access repositories, own or shared.
2. Research personnel from the public sector or whose research activity is financed mainly with public funds and who choose to disseminate their research results in scientific publications, must deposit a copy of the final version accepted for publication and the data associated with them. in institutional or thematic open access repositories, simultaneously with the date of publication.
3. Beneficiaries of research, development or innovation projects financed mainly with public funds must comply at all times with the open access obligations set forth in the bases or subsidy agreements of the corresponding calls. Recipients of public aid and subsidies will ensure that they retain the necessary intellectual property rights to comply with open access requirements.
4. The results of the research available in open access may be used by the Public Administrations in their evaluation processes, including the evaluation of research merit.
5. The Ministry of Science and Innovation will facilitate access to open access repositories and their interconnection with similar national and international initiatives, promoting the development of systems that facilitate it, and will promote open science in the Spanish Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation, recognizing the value of science as a common good and following the European recommendations on open science.
In addition to open access, and always with the aim of making science more open, accessible, efficient, transparent and beneficial for society, the Ministries of Science and Innovation and of Universities, each in their field of action, as well as the Communities Autonomous within the framework of their powers, they will also promote other initiatives aimed at facilitating free access and management of the data generated by research (open data), in accordance with the international FAIR principles (easy to find, accessible, interoperable and reusable). , to develop infrastructures and open platforms, to promote the publication of scientific results in open access, and the open participation of civil society in scientific processes, as developed in article 38.
6. The foregoing will be compatible with the possibility of taking the appropriate measures to protect, prior to scientific publication, the rights over the results of the research, development and innovation activity, in accordance with national and European regulations on the subject. of intellectual and industrial property, plant varieties or business secret.”