Manco Vega (2023) Open Science Policies as Regarded by the Communities of Researchers from the Basic Sciences in the Scientific Periphery | MediArXiv Preprints

Manco Vega, A. (2023, November 14). Open Science Policies as Regarded by the Communities of Researchers from the Basic Sciences in the Scientific Periphery.

Abstract This paper explores the different open science policy effects on the knowledge generation process of researchers in basic sciences: biology, chemistry, and physics. This paper uses a qualitative methodology with a content analysis approach. It uses seventeen semi-directed interviews. The main perceived effect of open science is access to research inputs, with open access, open research data and code reuse as primary sources. Another issue is the increase of collaboration with other colleagues in terms of the ability to collaborate faster and the encouraging the exchange of ideas. However, this benefit does not translate to the division of labor in large transnational teams. Time spent on tasks like cleaning up data and code, scooping and other ethical issues are unfavorable aspects noted. Policymakers could use it to enhance current open science policies in the countries. It analyzes perspectives of basic sciences researchers from two countries about open science policies. The main conclusion is the fact that open science policies should focus on the research process itself -rather than research outputs- in order to effectively tackle inequalities in science.

Evaluación de la ciencia en acceso abierto digital diamante – CLACSO

From Google’s English:  “Within the framework of the Diamond World Open Access Summit, which took place from October 23 to 27 in Toluca, Mexico, at the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, headquarters of Redalyc, the Network of Scientific Journals of Latin America and the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal, and of which CLACSO is one of the organizers, we present this volume, which proposes a conceptual and methodological framework to characterize the knowledge published in Open Access Digital Diamante.

This book shows the application of the methodology to the scientific production of Social Sciences, Art and Humanities by authors from all over the world published in Ibero-American magazines between 2005 and 2022. In this, use is made of the database provided by Redalyc, the which accounts for a specific publication model: Diamond Digital Open Access.”

Role of Libraries from Latin America to Implementation of Open Science: Analysis and Recommendations

Abstract:  Open science and their processes are in focus of global attention and are part of agendas of Governments and Institutions with purpose of foster implement said movement. To open science collaboration of various actors is relevant, therefore it is raised libraries are actors that develop many ways to access information; and open science is an action that promotes free circulation of data and results derived from scientific activity; then it can be raised that in said relationship is linked by common objectives, due to both the actor and the action contribute to satisfy information needs. Aim of this poster is shows the study about relationship between open science and academic and research libraries in Latin America. Study is carried out with a mixed investigation methodology, in which factors of open science are analyzed and to verify assumptions made an exploratory study is carried out with defined variables on actions of opening science that academic libraries from Latin America based on consulting Web portals of library entities and specialized data sources. Findings obtained about raised link between open science with academic libraries are proved with a proposal model about how functions libraries are compatible and useful to openness of science. A general conclusion is that academic libraries from Latin America are laboratories that contributes to paradigm shift that scholarly communication system requires. Keywords: Academic and Research Libraries; Latin America; Open Science; Research Data Management; Inclusiveness.


Latin America Exemplifies What Can Be Accomplished When Community Is Prioritized Over Commercialization — International Open Access Week

“The open access movement was launched with the bold vision of “uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.”[1] When the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) first defined open access (OA) in 2002, we suggested that “an old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good.”[2] Yet twenty years later, while we have succeeded in opening up almost half of all scholarly communications to read, the commercialization of the movement has created new barriers for authors. As a result, today we are witnessing the widening of the North-South divide. 

To realign open access with the original aspirational goals of the movement, last year the BOAI offered new recommendations which highlight that “OA is not an end in itself, but a means to further ends. Above all, it is a means to the equity, quality, usability, and sustainability of research.”[3] Our four high-level recommendations address systemic problems that obstruct progress toward these ends and attempt to refocus the movement on community over commercialization. To do this, the BOAI20 Recommendations call for:

Support for community-controlled infrastructure

Reform of research assessment and rewards

Movement away from APCs and read-and-publish agreements 

When one looks at the global OA movement, the region that pioneered community-driven non-commercial OA is Latin America. The Global North can learn much from this region, which has prioritized community over commercialization….”

Global Summit on Diamond Open Access: Schedule

“The purpose of the Global Summit on Diamond Open Access is to bring together the Diamond OA community of journal editors, organizations, experts, and stakeholders from the Global South and North, in a dialogue that seeks to implement collective action in the spirit of the Recommendations on Open Science from UNESCO and BOAI 20 years, where Equity, Sustainability, Quality and Usability are the pillars of our journey.

For the first time the global OA Diamond community will meet in Toluca, Mexico to exchange and coordinate actions to better support equity in scholarly communication practices. The summit, co-organised by Redalyc, the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, AmeliCA, UNESCO, CLACSO and the Action Plan for Diamond Open Access, will combine two conferences during Open Access Week….”

Open Science Monitoring in Europe

“LIBER has announced that they will hold a joint webinar together with UNESCO and LA Referencia on Tuesday 3rd October (16:00 CEST). The event – entitled Open Science Monitoring in Europe: A LIBER, UNESCO and LA Referencia Webinar – is aimed at providing a state-of-the art analysis of the Open Science monitoring methods and tools currently developed in Europe….

The webinar will take inspiration from the similarities between Latin American and European approaches to Open Access (see this study in English and in Spanish) Attendees will gain insights for developing Open Science monitoring methods, criteria, sources and tools.

The main benefits for attendees will be:

Awareness of Open Science monitoring implementation momentum.
Knowledge of the UNESCO vision of Open Science monitoring and the tools needed to follow the implementation and fulfilment of the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science.
An introduction to the state-of-the-art  monitoring methods and tools currently developed in Europe for measuring Open Science progress and actions (OpenAIRE monitoring vision, challenges, tools and methods; France and Finland’s experiences with monitoring national and institutional frameworks and tools.)
An international alignment of reproducible methods, measurement criteria, tools and practices for assessing and monitoring Open Science progress.
Opportunities to develop partnerships, collaborations and networking between regions and/or countries.
Opportunities to develop their personal, institutional, and national network(s)….”


“As open access publishing grows, many are concerned that as equity of access to read and use research increases, equity in publishing may decrease and that many actors in the research publishing ecosystem may become more disenfranchised than before. Many recent initiatives and statements by organizations such as OA2020,  cOAlition S, UNESCO, Science Europe, the US Office of Science and Technology, and the International Science Council (ISC) have highlighted inequity as a challenge in the open access publishing landscape. The causes of this inequity are not just financial but also structural and cultural.

OA2020 is convening an online workshop, in collaboration with Coordenação De Aperfeiçoamento De Pessoal De Nível Superior (CAPES), Consorcio Colombia, Canadian Research Knowledge Network (CRKN), California Digital Library (CDL), Iowa State University, UNESCO, the ISC, cOAlition S, Science Europe, and additional partners, to bring together a wide range of participants from across North, Central, and South America to discuss the challenges to equitable open access in 2023 in this region and to explore potential solutions. 

Part of a series of regional workshops, this workshop is an opportunity for those who produce and fund research, including scientists and scholars, research administrators, libraries and library consortia, university leadership, science councils and grant funders, and ministries and agencies of research and education, to better understand the current tensions in the scholarly communication landscape and seek actionable plans and practical mechanisms that ensure equitable opportunity to openly disseminate the results of research. This workshop will expand and build on insights gathered in previous workshops that focused on viewpoints from Africa and Europe and from Australasia and Asia Pacific (insights are forthcoming)….”

Os modelos de negócio para a publicação de livros em acesso aberto por editoras universitárias brasileiras (Business models for publishing open access books used by Brazilian university presses) | RDBCI: Revista Digital de Biblioteconomia e Ciência da Informação

Amaral, Fatima Beatriz Manieiro do, and Ariadne Chloe Mary Furnival. ‘Os modelos de negócio para a publicação de livros em acesso aberto por editoras universitárias brasileiras (Business models for publishing open access books used by Brazilian university presses)’. RDBCI: Revista Digital de Biblioteconomia e Ciência da Informação 21 (2 August 2023): e023010–e023010.

Introdução: existe crescente tendência entre as Editoras Universitárias Brasileiras (EUB) publicar livros científicos e acadêmicos em acesso aberto, disponibilizando-os online como e-books. Para tal, as EUB adotam um ou mais modelo de negócio, especialmente focados na forma de financiar a editoração e publicação de livros em acesso aberto. Objetivo: Descrever os modelos de negócio utilizados pelas EUB para a publicação de e-books acadêmicos e científicos em acesso aberto. Metodologia: Foi realizada pesquisa documental com levantamento das políticas editoriais dispostas nos websites de 92 EUB de instituições de ensino superior públicas brasileiras. Na maioria dos casos, a partir da leitura e análise dos documentos e informações disponíveis nos websites, foi possível identificar os modelos de negócio adotados. Também foi aplicado um questionário às EUB para captar alguns dados sobre os modelos adotados, que suplementaram as informações não encontradas nos websites das editoras; foram retornados 36 questionários preenchidos. Resultados: Foi identificado que 94,6% das editoras participantes publicam livros em acesso aberto, exclusivamente ou associado às vendas de livros (impressos e e-books). Verificou-se modelos de negócios adotados para subsidiar as atividades editoriais e para as publicações abertas: financiamento institucional, subsídios cruzados, concessão de financiamento de pesquisa e/ou bolsas, infraestrutura compartilhada, parcerias com bibliotecas universitárias, doações financeiras, taxa de processamento de livro, liberação, híbrido e período de embargo. Conclusão: A pesquisa aponta que, ao aderirem-se ao movimento da ciência aberta e acesso aberto para a publicação de livros, as EUB adotam práticas editoriais inovadoras, mas enfrentam desafios no que tange à sua sustentabilidade financeira.

Abstract: Introduction: There is a growing trend among Brazilian University
Presses (BUPs) to publish scientific and academic books in open access, making them available online. To this end, the BUPs adopt one or more business models, especially focussed on how to finance the publishing of books. Objective: The research here presented aimed to describe the
business models and sources of funding used by the BUPs to fund the publication of academic and scientific e-books in open access.
Methodology: Document research was carried out to survey the editorial policies accessible from the websites of 92 BUPs of Brazilian public higher education institutions. In most cases, after analysing the
documents available on the websites, it was possible to identify the business models adopted for open access publishing. A questionnaire was also applied to the BUPs to identify, from the semi-structured questions, other details on the business models, which supplemented information not found on the university press websites. Results: The results reveal that 94.6% of participating BUPs publish books in open access, exclusively or associated with print book sales. The following business models adopted to finance editorial activities and open book publications were identified: institutional funding, cross-subsidies, grants, shared infrastructure, partnerships with university libraries, donations, book processing fees, release, hybrid and embargo period publishing. Conclusion: The research shows that, by aligning themselves to the open science movement in general and open access movement for book publishing specifically, BUPs adopt innovative editorial practices, but face challenges in terms of their financial sustainability.

The future of academic publishing | Nature Human Behaviour

“We asked a diverse group of scientists to comment on the future of publishing. They discuss systemic issues, challenges, and opportunities, and share their vision for the future….

Humberto Debat: A large portion of traditional academic publishing is unequal, exclusionary, unsustainable and opaque1. Nearly 70% of scientific journal articles are locked behind paywalls2. The publishing industry has sequestered and commoditized scientific literature. It is a scandal….”



“The purpose of the Global Summit on Diamond Open Access is to bring together publishers of Diamond Open Access journals, organizations, actors and experts from all continents. This unique event consists of a series of hybrid and multilingual events organized from October 23 to 27, 2023 in Toluca (Mexico) by Redalyc, UAEMéx, AmeliCA, UNESCO, CLACSO, UÓR, ANR, cOAlition S, OPERAS and Science Europe.”

#ODD2023 Stories @ Chile ?? – Open Knowledge Foundation blog

“Abriendo Datos Foundation and Flacso Chile have worked for three years in the development of “Verano de Datos Abiertos” (Open Data Summer), an initiative that promotes the debate about the open data ecosystem and also contributes to a culture of learning in the context of Chile. To celebrate Open Data Day, Fundación Abriendo Datos hosted 8 telematics panels and one final face-to-face panel on 7 March 2023 at the Moneda Bicentenario Building, located in Sqantiago, Chile….”

Open Data Matters: Generating Major Benefits in Mexico – Open Data Watch

” Another example of taking advantage of open data is what is happening in Mexico as part of the implementation of Open Infrastructure[1]. An initiative promoted by INAI[2], México Evalúa, INFO-NL, OCP and CoST that promotes (1) the publication of information in open and accessible formats about public works projects and their contracts, (2) citizen participation and monitoring of the public budget and, (3) the use of open data to improve the quality and price of goods and services contracted by the State. It is important to note that, implicitly, this openness effort based on the empowerment of communities also encourages the participation of women in public affairs.

In 2022, this project began with the participation of public institutions from nine states of Mexico. Among them is the Vista Hermosa Municipality in Michoacán, with a population of around 20,000 people (50.62% are women[3]). In this town, the municipal government decided to publish data and documents about the project called “Colector Poniente”, an underground conduit in which the town’s sewers discharge their drainage. In the process, the municipal government disseminated information related to the work program and the assigned budget, which motivated the participation and involvement of the beneficiaries to supervise and follow up until ensuring that the project was completed on time and in accordance with the quality that had been contracted….”

Wiley expands open access reach with 22 new agreements in North America  | STM Publishing News

“Wiley, one of the world’s largest publishers and a global leader in scientific research and career-connected education, today announced that it has signed or renewed 22 transformational open access agreements with partners across the United States and Mexico.

These agreements, which all begin in 2023, span individual universities, research labs, and academic consortia across 18 U.S. states and Mexico. They allow participating institutions access to all of Wiley’s hybrid and subscription journals and grant researchers the ability to publish accepted articles open access across Wiley’s extensive publishing portfolio….”

Increasing agility and visibility in scientific publishing – Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism

“Since its inception, AE&M aimed to establish itself as a leading source of high-quality scienti?c information in the areas of endocrinology and metabolism ( 1 ). In that sense, maintaining open access to our articles was paramount to amplify the reach of such information in a globalized, albeit inequitable, world ( 2 ). Aiming to continue to serve the community of readers, authors, and reviewers in the best possible way, two new implementations are underway: AE&M has joined PubMed Central (PMC), and from May 2023, AE&M will adopt the continuous publication model.


AE&M’s incorporation into PMC re?ects its growth and scienti?c relevance in the ?eld. PMC is a free full-text repository of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM), directly linked to its preeminent search engine. Created in 2000, it houses more than 7.6 million records and, like SciELO, PMC-indexed journals make their issues and articles available in full format. Its global reach will certainly bring even more visibility and prominence to the research ?ndings published in AE&M….”