“In this installment of the ROR Case Studies series, we talk with Allyson Lister, Content and Community Lead for FAIRsharing, a cross-disciplinary registry of scientific standards, databases, and policies, about how and why FAIRsharing used ROR to help make organizations first-class citizens in their data model….”
“In this episode, Nikesh Gosalia talks to Mark Hahnel, Founder and CEO of Figshare. Mark talks about his background in genomics and how a gap year spent travelling eventually led him to do a PhD in stem cell biology. As a PhD student, the struggles he experienced trying to publish his research findings inspired him to build his own publishing platform, which is now known as Figshare. For Figshare’s 10th anniversary, Mark reflects on Figshare’s collaboration with Digital Science and how the visionary thinking of their CEO led to the birth of Figshare before open science became common practice.
Mark talks about the different versions of Figshare, from the free figshare.com which is open to everyone, to purpose-built versions of Figshare meant for specific organizations. This ties in with the concept of “as open as possible, as closed as necessary”, where not all datasets should be publicly available for safety. Mark shares his thoughts on what academics want out of publishing: something fast, good, open, and possibly free. He also addresses some problems with open data systems like Figshare, such as quality control, lack of data curation, no peer review, and content monitoring issues….”
“Historically the role of university libraries has been to collect material, mostly from the outside world, and then to make it accessible within the organization. In an environment where more is published online and most people go to search engines to find it, our role expands. It includes supporting the creation of knowledge in digital form and helping faculty and students push that knowledge out to the world. Libraries can help make publishing processes easier and make the exciting fruits of research at UChicago widely findable and usable. In addition, we need to think not just about our local collection but also about the global collection of knowledge and how we can ensure transparency, reproducibility, and equitable access to information….
In parallel, we are investing in digital services—for example, around open access and research data. We have also just submitted a multimillion dollar bid in partnership with the Humanities Division to improve access to digital collections, data, and research tools—not only library collections but also faculty research. In the long run, I envision a space to explore all the exciting work that comes out of the University of Chicago…”
“In 2020-2021 Ithaka S+R conducted a novel study in partnership with 11 academic libraries to understand the effects of bundled journal package cancellations on researchers. Since then there continue to be important efforts to collect new and different forms of evidence to create a detailed picture of how researcher perceptions and behaviors can be factored into library budgetary decision making around big deals. The Charleston Library Conference recently featured two such efforts at Georgia Southern University and Cornell University. Researchers Jesse Koennecke (Director of Acquisitions and E-Resource Licensing, Cornell), Kizer Walker (Director of Collections, Cornell), and Jessica Rigg (Acquisitions Librarian, Georgia Southern) recently shared more information about these projects with us….”
In 2008 Harvard’s Faculty of Arts & Sciences voted unanimously to adopt a ground-breaking open access policy. Since then, over 70 other institutions, including other Harvard faculties, Stanford and MIT, have adopted similar policies based on the Harvard model. In Europe, such institutional policies have, so far, been slow to get off the ground.
We are beginning to see that situation change.
The University of St Andrews has launched a new Open Access Policy, in effect from 1 February 2023, which harmonises the requirements from research funders, provides greater support to their researchers and aligns with the University’s strategy to “make their research findings widely available for local, national, and global benefit”. In the following interview, Kyle Brady, Scholarly Communications Manager at the University of St Andrews, describes the process which led to the new OA policy, highlights the benefits for the university and its researchers and shares practical tips for other institutions that might consider adopting similar policies towards making all publications openly available as quickly as possible….”
“Our latest US Faculty Survey examined faculty perspectives and attitudes about using and creating Open Educational Resources (OER). Not only were we able to track how these perspectives changed over time, but we were also able to understand how the pandemic affected OER consumption and creation. As expected, the adoption and creation of OER textbooks, course modules, and video lectures increased since the last national survey cycle, yet faculty indicated that they are less interested in creating and using them going forward.
This discrepancy can be puzzling for librarians, teaching and learning center staff, and administrators to navigate as they seek to better support faculty and students. Often the OER landscape is challenging for faculty members, and the continued lack of incentives, either monetary or through new professional development opportunities, may be at the root of their lack of interest.
To better understand faculty perceptions about OER, we invited two James Madison University librarians to discuss their experiences supporting faculty with accessing, using, and creating OER:
Yasmeen Shorish, Director of Scholarly Communications Strategies and Special Advisor to the Dean for Equity Initiatives
Liz Thompson, Open Education Librarian…”
“OKFN: What does the process of chasing and taking down Z-Library mean for the concept of open knowledge?
Balász Bodó: When I read the news that these two Russian individuals have been detained, I thought, well, history has come to a full circle. I don’t know these people, how old they are, I assume they are in their thirties. But certainly, their parents or their grandparents may have been or could have easily been detained by the Soviet authorities for sharing books that they were not supposed to share. And now, 30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, people are again detained for sharing books – for a different reason, but it’s the same threat, ‘You’re gonna lose your freedom if you share knowledge’. …”
Abstract: Latin America is a cultural power composed of almost 40 countries, when the Caribbean is included, and with over 660 million inhabitants. In spite of political instability and severe cuts in investments in science and technology, the Latin American region shares sociocultural richness and an open access culture that aims to democratize knowledge, from non-profit publishers of public universities and scientific societies that work to strengthen regional science output. About 60% of the science output indexed in international databases is available in open access, much of it is diamond, which means that it doesn’t include any Article Processing Charge (APC) for authors.
The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) was founded by Lars Bjørnshauge in 2003; the current managing director is Joanna Ball. A cornerstone in the global Open Science landscape, DOAJ currently lists more than 18,000 peer-reviewed, strictly open access journals (Gold or Diamond). Dominic Mitchell, who has worked for DOAJ for the last ten years, explains how the indexing process is managed by a combination of volunteers and salaried staff like himself, how they work to exclude predatory journals from the list, and how DOAJ is financed. Furthermore, DOAJ is involved in several collaborative projects promoting high-quality scholarly publishing, including The Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (4th ed., 2022).
(The interview is in English and the abstract in German.)
Abstract: From Google’s English: In the interview, Open Access expert Peter Suber and Bodo Rödel, head of the “Publications and Scientific Information Services” department, discuss the effects of Open Access described in Suber’s 2012 book, the future development of publication platforms, the role of publishers and changed user requirements in science. In addition, topics are also addressed that are not originally caused by Open Access, such as gaining reputation or the impact of the predominance of an academic language on other non-native speakers.
“After multiple years of data collection, the Research team at the Center for Open Science (COS) is preparing for the end of its participation in DARPA’s Systematizing Confidence in Open Research and Evidence (SCORE) program and the transition to the work that follows. SCORE has been a significant undertaking spanning multiple research teams and thousands of researchers and participants throughout the world – all collaborating to answer a single question: Can we create rapid, scalable, and valid methods for assessing confidence in research claims?…
How do you believe the objectives of SCORE contribute to Open Science more generally?
KU: The scale and rigor behind SCORE are unlike anything that was achieved so far in the open science research space. Each step of the project has been carefully planned to ensure that we can reach decisive conclusions regarding the current state of social and behavioral science research which makes me confident in SCORE’s ability to transform our understanding of the state of the field….”
“Starting from January 2023, EP Europace—the monthly journal of the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), will have a new Editor-in-Chief. Angelo Auricchio MD, PhD, who is Deputy Head of Cardiology at the Istituto Cardiocentro Ticino, Switzerland, takes over at an exciting time in EP Europace’ s evolution—as the Journal is becoming open access. Prof. Auricchio talks to CardioPulse about his plans and priorities (Figure 1).”
“The CNRS now asks its researchers to apply the strategy of non-assignment of copyright when submitting their articles to publishers.
What is the non-assignment policy?
Alain Schuhl: Scientists are the owners of their works: there is no reason for them to make an exclusive free transfer of them to publishers, thus depriving themselves of the possibility of reusing their own publications. With the strategy of non-assignment of copyright, it is now possible to distribute the accepted author manuscript (AAM) in immediate open access in an open archive, in particular the AAM of an article published in a journal under subscription. This allows immediate open access to be developed without paying publication charges (also misleadingly called article processing charges or APC)….
n English, it is about “ rights retention strategy ” which has been translated into French as “strategy of non-cession of rights”. The full wording would be: “strategy of not assigning copyright exclusively to a publisher ”. By immediately placing a CC-BY license on all their manuscripts up to the MAA, the authors avoid having their publication taken over entirely by the publisher. That’s why in English it’s called a “ retention of rights” strategy, because you don’t cede all your copyrights exclusively to the publisher. But to tell the truth, by putting a CC-BY license on his MAA, it is actually a “strategy of opening of rights”, since the scientist no longer needs to authorize other people to use his publication to translate it, distribute it, etc. Moreover, the author may freely reuse his own texts, graphics and other content for his courses or any communication, which is not the case when he assigns all of his rights to the publisher….”
“When COVID-19 first hit, MIT Press was quick to respond, making relevant book and journal content freely available to help scholars and the general public better understand the pandemic. But, the press’ publishing team wanted to do something more. Like so many in academia, they were becoming concerned with rising instances of false scientific claims entering the mainstream media and eager to stop the spread. Recognizing misinformation in preprints as well as misinterpretation of preprint findings as two primary causes, they began considering ways to flag questionable preprint information while boosting the signal of promising new research.
“Our Press Director Amy Brand and I were talking one day about what we could do, and that’s when the notion of launching an overlay journal of preprint reviews popped up,” said Nick Lindsay, MIT Press’ Director of Journals and Open Access. Lindsay and Brand brought the idea back to their team and began planning what would become Rapid Reviews: COVID-19 (RR:C19), the first multi-disciplinary OA overlay journal for peer reviews of coronavirus-related preprints. MIT Press launched RR:C19 in August 2020….”