A Compendium of Open Access/Open Science Policy Case Studies from African Higher Education Institutions | Zenodo

Abstract:  A Compendium of Open Access/Open Science Policy Case Studies from African Higher Education Institutions for the LIBSENSE Open Science policy development workshops convened as part of activities in the AfricaConnect3 programme.

 The case studies in this compendium have been solicited from partners throughout Africa by the LIBSENSE policy working group. They represent a broad range of open access/open science policy development initiatives from those involved in developing and implementing them. The representative universities cover a range of public and private institutions where research activity occurs. Altogether, they give perspectives on OA/OS policy development at the institutional level, including the motivations, successes, challenges and outcomes. This compendium also includes one case study outlining policy development efforts coordinated at a regional level in Francophone Africa.

Through these workshops, LIBSENSE envisages an opportunity to align institutional level policy with ongoing efforts to deliver on national open science roadmaps as part of the broader Open Science agenda that LIBSENSE wants to achieve across Africa. It is also the impetus for its alignment with UNESCO’s Recommendations on open science, embracing its own Open Science vision on implementing UNESCO open science principles in an African context. In support of this, the compendium includes a recommended checklist for universities to follow when implementing UNESCO recommendations on open science.

Policy into Action: the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science under the spotlight – actions for publishing

“OASPA is pleased to announce our next webinar which will focus on the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science (https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000379949.locale=en) and the practical actions open access editors and publishers take to implement them. Practical guidelines for open access publishers will be discussed and co-developed together during and after the webinar.

We welcome our speakers:
Ana Persic who will present the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science and its connections to scholarly publishing,
Roheena Anand from PLOS,
Krzysztof Siewicz from the Polish Library of Science and;
Raoul Kamadjeu from the Pan African Medical Journal, who will share their approaches to implementing the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science.

The panellists will each speak for 12 minutes, and then we will open it up to questions from the audience and discussion on the practical steps that publishers take. The webinar will be chaired by Iryna Kuchma, EIFL….”

UNESCO publishes Recommendation on Open Science

“The Open Science document was adopted by 193 countries. For the first time, there is an international definition of Open Science.


About 70 % of scientific publications are behind paywalls. In the last two years, this has dropped to about 30 % for publications specifically on COVID-19. This is a strong signal that science can and should be more open.

For a long time, there was no universally accepted definition of Open Science. With the adoption of the Recommendation in November 2021, 193 countries agreed to adhere to common Open Science standards, values and guiding principles. 

Among other things, the Recommendation calls on member states to create regional and international funding mechanisms and establish the necessary infrastructure. 

In addition, seven areas are to be prioritised:

promoting a common understanding of open science and its associated benefits and challenges, as well as the diverse paths to open science;
developing an enabling policy environment for open science;
investing in infrastructure and services which contribute to open science;
investing in training, education, digital literacy and capacity-building, to enable researchers and other stakeholders to participate in open science;
fostering a culture of open science and aligning incentives for open science;
promoting innovative approaches to open science at different stages of the scientific process; and
promoting international and multistakeholder co-operation in the context of open science with a view to reducing digital, technological and knowledge gaps. …”

Open Research Week 2022 Open Research Week 2022- Open Research – University of Liverpool

“Eight events over 4 days, covering many aspects of Open Research including reward and recognition, publishing open books and journals, open educational resources and an opening keynote talk by Ana Persic from UNESCO.”


Open Access Working Group Statement on UNESCO Ratification of Open Science Recommendation – SPARC

“The 14 members of the Open Access Working Group (OAWG) representing national and regional library, publishing, funding, research and advocacy organizations applaud the ratification of UNESCO’s Recommendation on Open Science during its 41st General Conference. This move marks critical progress in international efforts to increase equity in access to and participation in science, technology, and innovation. 

The utility of the Recommendation hinges on its uptake by the global community. To this end, we strongly encourage the United States to adopt the Open Science Recommendation in its entirety and work closely with stakeholders to implement it. 

Developed on the foundation of equity, transparency, and inclusivity, the Recommendation sets an international standard for the definition of open science and associated policies, practices, and approaches to drive change in the global scientific community. It proposes seven broad areas for action:

Promoting a common understanding of open science and its benefits and challenges;
Developing and enabling a policy environment for open science;
Investing in open science infrastructures and services;
Investing in human resources, training, education, digital literacy and capacity building; 
Fostering a culture of open science and aligning incentives;
Promoting innovative approaches for open science across the scientific process;  
Promoting cooperation in the context of open science to reduce digital, technological and knowledge gaps.

Of particular interest to the OAWG is the action to “develop an enabling policy environment for open science.” At its core, this requires us to develop and implement policies that both require and incentivize open science practices at the researcher and institutional level. Doing so will center equity and inclusivity to ensure legacy publishing practices proven to exclude marginalized voices—including reliance on indicators based on publishing in prestige journals—do not continue. In addition, the Recommendation highlights the importance of investing in open science infrastructure (including repositories) and emphasizes the desirability of community controlled, not-for-profit governance structures.   …”

Open Education in European Libraries of Higher Education (2021 report). | Zenodo

“This report summarises the results of a survey of European libraries on Open Education (OE) and Open Education Resources (OER) prepared by SPARC Europe. It was done in consultation with the European Network of Open Education Librarians (ENOEL). 

Launched in May 2021, the survey, which targeted academic librarians across Europe, garnered over 230 responses from 28 countries. This report is the 2021 version of the 2020 report under the same title, which was the first of its kind. The 2021 report is framed by the UNESCO Recommendation on OER.

The survey questionnaire can be found here: https://zenodo.org/record/4892450

The survey dataset can be found here: https://zenodo.org/record/5734988 …”

SPARC Statement on UNESCO Ratification of Open Science Recommendation

“SPARC welcomes the unanimous ratification of the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science during its 41st General Conference.  This action represents an enormous step forward towards creating a global knowledge sharing ecosystem that is both open and equitable by design.

As the COVID-19 pandemic and the climate crisis have underscored, there is an urgent need to accelerate scientific progress and to reimagine how we produce, share, and communicate scientific information. The UNESCO Open Science Recommendation provides a critical tool to catalyze change towards this on a global scale. 

Developed through an inclusive, transparent, and multi-stakeholder consultation process, the Recommendation is the first global standard-setting framework for international open science policies and practices.  It provides a common definition of open science that covers all scientific disciplines and scholarly practices while also encompassing the broad range of movements working to make scientific knowledge openly accessible and reusable for those within and outside the traditional scientific community….”

EUA welcomes new UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science

“EUA welcomes the approval of the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science and recognises its importance in providing a shared set of standards and actions for the further implementation of Open Science policies and practices at international, national and institutional levels. In 2020, EUA provided its support by joining the UNESCO Global Open Science Partnership, which aimed at bringing together different stakeholders in the field of Open Science to contribute to the development and the adoption of the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science.

The Recommendation offers a comprehensive framework to support the mainstreaming of Open Science and its related areas, including Open Access, Open Data and Open Education. It does so by identifying common definitions, shared values and concrete actions to pursue, and recognising, at the same time, disciplinary and regional differences, and different perspectives in national discussions around Open Science.

EUA is pleased to see that core values and guiding principles proposed by the Recommendation reflect its plea for diversity and inclusivity  and are to be included in a global approach towards Open Science….”