Publications | Free Full-Text | Adoption of Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines across Journals

Abstract:  Journal policies continuously evolve to enable knowledge sharing and support reproducible science. However, that change happens within a certain framework. Eight modular standards with three levels of increasing stringency make Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) guidelines which can be used to evaluate to what extent and with which stringency journals promote open science. Guidelines define standards for data citation, transparency of data, material, code and design and analysis, replication, plan and study pre-registration, and two effective interventions: “Registered reports” and “Open science badges”, and levels of adoption summed up across standards define journal’s TOP Factor. In this paper, we analysed the status of adoption of TOP guidelines across two thousand journals reported in the TOP Factor metrics. We show that the majority of the journals’ policies align with at least one of the TOP’s standards, most likely “Data citation” (70%) followed by “Data transparency” (19%). Two-thirds of adoptions of TOP standard are of the stringency Level 1 (less stringent), whereas only 9% is of the stringency Level 3. Adoption of TOP standards differs across science disciplines and multidisciplinary journals (N = 1505) and journals from social sciences (N = 1077) show the greatest number of adoptions. Improvement of the measures that journals take to implement open science practices could be done: (1) discipline-specific, (2) journals that have not yet adopted TOP guidelines could do so, (3) the stringency of adoptions could be increased.

 

How to protect privacy in open data | Nature Human Behaviour

“When sharing research data for verification and reuse, behavioural researchers should protect participants’ privacy, particularly when studying sensitive topics. Because personally identifying data remain present in many open psychology datasets, we urge researchers to mend privacy via checks of re-identification risk before sharing data. We offer guidance for sharing responsibly….”

OSF Preprints | Open science practices in psychiatric genetics: a primer

Abstract:  Open science is a set of practices to ensure that all research elements are transparently reported and freely accessible for all to learn, assess, and build on. Psychiatric genetics has led among the health sciences in implementing some open science practices in common study designs, such as replication as part of genome-wide association studies. However, while additional open science practices could be embedded in genetics research to further improve its quality and accessibility, guidelines for doing so are limited. They are largely not specific to data, privacy, and research conduct challenges in psychiatric genetics. Here, we present a primer of open science practices in psychiatric genetics for multiple steps of the research process, including deciding on a research topic with patients/non-academic collaborators, equitable authorship and citation practices, considerations in designing a replicable, reproducible study, pre-registrations, open data, and privacy issues. We provide tips for creating informative figures, using inclusive, precise language, and following reporting standards. We also discuss considerations in working with non-academic research collaborators (citizen scientists) and outline ways of disseminating research through preprints, blogs, social media, and accessible lecture materials. Finally, we provide a list of extra resources to support every step of the research process.

 

A guide to preprinting for early-career researchers | Biology Open | The Company of Biologists

Abstract:  The use of preprints, research manuscripts shared publicly before completing the traditional peer-review process, is becoming a more common practice among life science researchers. Early-career researchers (ECRs) benefit from posting preprints as they are shareable, citable, and prove productivity. However, preprinting a manuscript involves a discussion among all co-authors, and ECRs are often not the decision-makers. Therefore, ECRs may find themselves in situations where they are interested in depositing a preprint but are unsure how to approach their co-authors or advisor about preprinting. Leveraging our own experiences as ECRs, and feedback from the research community, we have constructed a guide for ECRs who are considering preprinting to enable them to take ownership over the process and to raise awareness about preprinting options. We hope that this guide helps ECRs to initiate conversations about preprinting with co-authors and encourage them to preprint their future research.

 

IFLA Guidelines for Professional Library and Information Science (LIS) Education Programmes

“LIS education builds, holistically, the capacity of professionals with ingrained ethics and humanistic values. Equity, diversity, inclusion, and accessibility (EDIA) are essential to LIS professionalism, service-orientation, social responsibility, sustainability, education, and lifelong learning. Access to information, including open access (OA), as a public good; intellectual freedom; responsible stewardship of data, information and knowledge; and the technologies and intelligence driving them, are central to the profession….

Research proficiency includes problem-oriented research which analyses the basis of issues encountered in LIS and attempts to provide possible solutions and understanding for professional practice in diverse information settings. It also includes the ability to identify, collate, catalogue, retrieve, evaluate, and disseminate research produced by others for scholarship advancement across disciplines as well as for general societal impact and innovative policy development for the betterment of communities. Such scholarly communication includes open access which ensures unrestricted access to research for further knowledge generation….” 

“The Handy IR Manager: A Toolkit for Recruitment, Intake, and Promotion” by Melody Herr, Jessica Kelly et al.

Abstract:  You seek fresh strategies for recruiting new collections for your institutional repository (IR). You strive to improve intake workflows and expedite metadata creation for hosted collections. You wonder how to attract users to repository content. If you see yourself in any – or all – of these scenarios, come to this session for inspiration and practical tools.

The Scholarly Communications team will present successful strategies that we’ve developed at the University of Arkansas for recruitment, intake, and promotion, using examples from our work with research centers and student journals.

Open Access Guide – ChronosHub

“In this guide, we’ll share our insights about Open Access and address different types of open access questions and concerns to help you, as a researcher or administrative team member, to better understand, know, and feel confident navigating the world of Open Access. The guide is based on our experience at ChronosHub serving researchers, institutions, publishers, and research funders with their open access questions, challenges, and workflows.

You can read four of the chapters online or download the full booklet, so you have all of our knowledge in one place. Oh, and feel free to share it with as many people as you want….”

How to disseminate clinical research – Charlesworth – – Anaesthesia – Wiley Online Library

“Gold Open Access under a Creative Commons licence is arguably a major way in which you can increase the reach of your work because most clinicians or patients cannot access paywalled content. If you submit to a subscription publisher, you will have the option of paying the article processing charge (APC) so that your work becomes Gold Open Access. This is expensive for most individuals and your funder or institution may pay the APC on your behalf – but you must ask. You can also ask the journal if other forms of Open Access are appropriate or possible (Table?1). Next, you can approach your department, institution or university to see what promotion it can offer. Sometimes, the journal may have declined to issue a press release, but others still might believe your work to be newsworthy. Authors could even approach newspapers, radio stations, broadcasters and journalists independently. Finally, you may wish to approach blog and podcast producers, conference organisers and social media influencers. The more methods used to communicate key messages from your work, the higher the reach of your paper….”

A practical ‘How-To’ Guide to plain language summaries (PLS) of peer-reviewed scientific publications: results of a multi-stakeholder initiative utilizing co-creation methodology | Research Involvement and Engagement | Full Text

Abstract:  Background

Peer-reviewed scientific publications and congress abstracts are typically written by scientists for specialist audiences; however, patients and other non-specialists are understandably interested in the potential implications of research and what they may mean for them. Plain language summaries (PLS)—summaries of scientific articles in easy-to-read language—are emerging as a valuable addition to traditional scientific publications. Co-creation of PLS with the intended audience is key to ensuring a successful outcome, but practical guidance on how to achieve this has been lacking.

Methods

Building on the Patient Engagement (PE) Quality Guidance previously developed by Patient Focused Medicines Development (PFMD), a multi-stakeholder working group (WG) of individuals with patient engagement experience and/or expertise in PLS was established to develop further activity-specific guidance. PLS guidance was developed through a stepwise approach that included several rounds of co-creation, public consultation (two rounds), internal review and a final external review. The iterative development process incorporated input from a wide variety of stakeholders (patient representatives, industry members, publishers, researchers, medical communications agencies, and public officials involved in research bodies). Feedback from each step was consolidated by the WG and used for refining the draft guidance. The final draft was then validated through external consultation.

Results

The WG comprised 14 stakeholders with relevant experience in PE and/or PLS. The WG developed a set of 15 ethical principles for PLS development. These include the necessity for objective reporting and the absence of any promotional intent, the need for balanced presentation, the importance of audience focus, the need to apply health literacy principles, and the importance of using inclusive and respectful language. The first public consultation yielded 29 responses comprising 478 comments or edits in the shared draft guidance. The second public consultation was an online survey of 14 questions which had 32 respondents. The final ‘How-To’ Guide reflects feedback received and provides a rational, stepwise breakdown of the development of PLS.

Conclusions

The resulting ‘How-To’ Guide is a standalone, practical, ready-to-use tool to support multi-stakeholder co-creation of PLS.

Assessment Guidelines for Open Access Publishers

“The Content Strategy Committee (CSC) arrived at the Assessment Guidelines for Open Access Publishers through a consultation with the CRKN membership, the results of which were presented to and supported by members at the 2021 Conference. These are meant to be guiding principles that the CSC may use in assessing whether proposals from vendors and publishers meet with the CRKN membership’s stated goals and objectives with respect to supporting open access. We have purposefully not assigned any weighting to the criteria as the CSC is better positioned to have as much latitude as possible in assessing the offers it receives from providers. Therefore, there is not an expectation that each provider will meet every criterion….”

Three Paths to Open Access Handout

“Three Paths to Open Access is a handout that can be shared with researchers to provide an overview of three common options for making their work open access. The content can be edited to better reflect your institution’s open access support services. For a more in-depth exploration of this topic, see our YouTube video, Three Routes to Open Access: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkSLywLnS9c …”

Global Community Guidelines for Documenting, Sharing, and Reusing Quality Information of Individual Digital Datasets

Open-source science builds on open and free resources that include data, metadata, software, and workflows. Informed decisions on whether and how to (re)use digital datasets are dependent on an understanding about the quality of the underpinning data and relevant information. However, quality information, being difficult to curate and often context specific, is currently not readily available for sharing within and across disciplines. To help address this challenge and promote the creation and (re)use of freely and openly shared information about the quality of individual datasets, members of several groups around the world have undertaken an effort to develop international community guidelines with practical recommendations for the Earth science community, collaborating with international domain experts. The guidelines were inspired by the guiding principles of being findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR). Use of the FAIR dataset quality information guidelines is intended to help stakeholders, such as scientific data centers, digital data repositories, and producers, publishers, stewards and managers of data, to: i) capture, describe, and represent quality information of their datasets in a manner that is consistent with the FAIR Guiding Principles; ii) allow for the maximum discovery, trust, sharing, and reuse of their datasets; and iii) enable international access to and integration of dataset quality information. This article describes the processes that developed the guidelines that are aligned with the FAIR principles, presents a generic quality assessment workflow, describes the guidelines for preparing and disseminating dataset quality information, and outlines a path forward to improve their disciplinary diversity.

Guidelines for Transformative Agreements – ESAC Initiative

“Below are some of the fundamental guidelines of transformative agreements, as defined by the ESAC Initiative community; a listing of the specific requirements that have been adopted by national consortia and other organizations can be found here https://esac-initiative.org/guidelines/. …”

Assessing risk when sharing data: a guide – The ODI

“From optimising supply chains and supporting innovation, to addressing sector challenges and delivering public services, we have seen that sharing data can generate benefits for companies, the economy, society and the environment.

However, a common concern for organisations looking to share data is in providing assurance to senior leaders that sharing a particular set of data will not generate negative impacts on reputation; compromise legal compliance or negatively affect their place in the market; or cause harm to society, the economy or the environment.

With this in mind, we’ve created this guide to help organisations identify, assess and manage risks related to sharing data that they hold.

This guide seeks to provide early steps – prior to seeking legal counsel (if that is required) – to consider real and perceived risks in sharing data to identify suitable mitigating actions. We include typical risk categories, key questions to consider and suggestions on how to minimise harm….”

Dickson | Sustaining and Enhancing the Scholarly Communications Department: A Comprehensive Guide [Book Review] | Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication

Abstract:  Are you interested in the field of scholarly communications or have you recently been hired at your institution as the director of scholarly initiatives? The concepts presented in Sustaining and Enhancing the Scholarly Communications Department: A Comprehensive Guide by Kris S. Helge, Ahmet Meti Tmava, and Amanda R. Zerangue provide guidance for the scholarly communications librarian, especially those new to the profession.