“ATG: When you accepted the position, you remarked that CLOCKSS was “a profoundly important service.” For those unfamiliar with CLOCKSS and its mission, can you tell us why it’s so important? What essential services does CLOCKSS offer to those in the world of scholarly communications? Is there anything unique about those services?
AW: The mission of the CLOCKSS archive is to ensure the scholarly record remains available for humanity. Scholars have worked so hard to advance knowledge, and their hard work is important to us all and especially to those scholars who will build on this foundation in the future. Digital preservation is too big a job for any single organization, and even were it possible, it’s too important a job to entrust to any single organization, and so the community approach of CLOCKSS along with, and more broadly, LOCKSS is inspiring.
At CLOCKSS we focus on electronic publications. Initially this meant books and journals, but now it means books, journals, and much more. We are preserving all the rich resources that underpin articles and books (think data, protocols, software, visualizations), and entirely new forms of scholarship too (think scholar-led, interactive humanities resources published by academics or libraries).
CLOCKSS is a dark archive which means the content entrusted to us is made accessible only after the original or successor creators and publishers are no longer able to look after it. When CLOCKSS provides access to the content, it becomes open access to everyone in perpetuity. …”
“The initiative was launched by DOAJ, CLOCKSS, Internet Archive, Keepers Registry and Public Knowledge Project to start addressing the problem of open access journals disappearing from the web. We thought it was time for another update on what has been going on behind the scenes over the last few months.
Initially a scoping exercise, Phase One has subsequently seen the project partners design, implement and test a process for workflow efficiencies, capacity and usability. Articles from a number of journals have been ingested and documentation has been updated. Along the way, knowledge has been gained and valuable lessons have been learned
The lessons relate to this project and preservation, but some may also apply to other publishing-related needs that smaller journals find challenging so we thought it would be useful to record our learnings and share them….”
“NYU Libraries initiated a project, in partnership with Portico, CLOCKSS, and five university presses that aimed to better understand the limits of current preservation approaches when applied to new forms of scholarly publication. The project, which I described in a previous blog post, focused on a diverse selection of open access monograph-like publications with features that made them more complex to preserve than traditional text-and-image publications. …”
“PKP is delighted, on this World Preservation Day, to share an important update on Project JASPER, our partnership with DOAJ, Internet Archive, CLOCKSS and Keepers Registry. We initiated Project JASPER a year ago with an express goal to preserve no-fee journal content all over the world – much of which is published on Open Journal Systems. We have made great strides in a year, which you can read all about below or on the JASPER website, and are looking forward to what the coming year brings as well.
Project JASPER (JournAlS are Preserved forevER) is an initiative to preserve open access journals. It was launched on World Preservation Day 2020 and is in response to research* that shows that online journals—both open and closed access journals—can just disappear from the internet. This happens because of a lack of awareness amongst smaller publishers around the need for long-term digital preservation and/or the resources to enroll a journal in a long-term digital preservation scheme….”
“If you are in the midst of launching a new open access journal, consider partnering with us to solve your publishing needs. ScienceOpen provides full end-to-end open access publishing solutions – embedded within our smart interactive discovery environment. A modular approach allows open access publishers to pick and choose among a range of services and design the platform that fits their goals and budget. Book your own sub-domain powered by ScienceOpen to manage and host existing open access publications or start new journals. ScienceOpen can provide technical infrastructure for manuscript submission, peer review management, open access hosting, article versioning, distribution, analytics, and APC management for journals and (coming soon) books. The ScienceOpen platform has its own powerful citation index and is uniquely integrated with ORCID, Crossref, and Altmetric to immediately plug your publications into the infrastructure of global scholarly communication. Go here to learn more and for examples of customers utilizing this service….
When your Crossref DOI directs readers to an article landing page on ScienceOpen rich with metrics, context and interactive tools, you open up exciting new avenues of exploration and engagement. ScienceOpen can host your open access journals, conference proceedings, books, or preprints with our PDF viewer technology. Your content will also have the benefits of our interactive discovery environment with state-of-the-art SEO, long-term archiving with CLOCKSS and integration with ORCID, Crossref and more. We’ve recently greatly expanded our open access hosting options for books and can, for example, create unique landing pages for book chapter DOIs to enrich the metadata of book records. Go here to learn even more about ScienceOpen’s infrastructure for books.
By hosting on ScienceOpen, your open access research will be placed in the context of a huge and diverse database which helps you reach new authors and audiences. Additionally, we can help with the metadata side of hosting and let you focus more on important editorial tasks by automating and streamlining your metadata processes for you. See the Metadata Technical Hub directly below for more information on that topic….”
Abstract: In the September 2020 preprint “Open is not forever”, (Laakso et al.) discuss the high number of Open Access journals that disappear from the web. It is a known problem in the digital preservation world that long-tail journals are especially at-risk of disappearing. Five leading parties are now collaborating to address this problem: the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), CLOCKSS, Internet Archive, the Public Knowledge Project Preservation Network (PKP PN), and International ISSN / Keepers Registry. Building from the existing DOAJ infrastructure, we are establishing a central hub where preservation agencies can harvest consistent metadata, and access full-text. Each of the preservation partners offers somewhat different solutions for publishers to preserve their content. The project will offer free and low-cost options for preservation and access. In the first phase, the target is diamond OA journals (those with no author processing charges), because these are the journals that are least likely to participate in a preservation service and hence are most at-risk of disappearing. The project is currently coordinating technical designs, service development, infrastructure, and sustainability planning.
“DOAJ, CLOCKSS Archive, Internet Archive, Keepers Registry/ISSN International Centre and Public Knowledge Project (PKP) have agreed to partner to provide an alternative pathway for the preservation of small-scale, APC-free, Open Access journals.
The recent study authored by M.Laakso, L.Matthias, and N.Jahn has revived academia’s concern over the disappearance of the scholarly record disseminated in Open Access (OA) journals.
Their research focuses on OA journals as at risk of vanishing, and “especially small-scale and APC-free journals […] with limited financial resources” that often “opt for lightweight technical solutions” and “cannot afford to enroll in preservation schemes.” The authors have used data available in the Directory of Open Access Journals to come up with the conclusion that just under half of the journals indexed in DOAJ participate in preservation schemes. Their findings “suggest that current approaches to digital preservation are successful in archiving content from larger journals and established publishing houses but leave behind those that are more at risk.” They call for new preservation initiatives “to develop alternative pathways […] better suited for smaller journals that operate without the support of large, professional publishers.” …”
“CLOCKSS (Controlled LOCKSS) is a not-for-profit joint venture between the world’s leading scholarly publishers and academic libraries, whose mission is to build and operate a sustainable, geographically distributed digital preservation service with which to ensure the long-term survival of web-based scholarly publications for the benefit of the greater global research community. CLOCKSS is an international, mission-driven, partnership organization with technical support from the LOCKSS team at Stanford University.
The role of Executive Director is crucial to CLOCKSS. In this role you will run the organization, reporting to the Board via its Co-Chairs, and be responsible for continuing to establish the organization as a major international scholarly archive and as a valuable collaborative community of scholarly publishers and academic libraries….”
“The CLOCKSS Archive today announced that eleven journals have been triggered for open access by the CLOCKSS Board of Directors.
The triggers occurred after Medknow, part of Wolters Kluwer, ceased publishing eleven titles in 2019 and the content would no longer be available online. The publications have been preserved in the CLOCKSS Archive and are openly available to the public via a Creative Commons license….”
In the traditional sense of open access, I will encourage you to pay attention to what open access publishers say about what they intend to do with the work that you submit to them. LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) and CLOCKSS (Controlled LOCKSS) are examples of programs designed to provide publishers with digital preservation tools and networks to ensure the safety of their content. If you are submitting your articles to a publisher who is openly involved with LOCKSS or CLOCKSS, then you can be reasonably assured that they have your best preservation interests at heart. But they’re not the only tools available to publishers, so be a good investigator when you explore your publication possibilities.
This introduction is the first part of two posts about digital preservation and access. Look out for the next post with four simple rules for incorporating digital preservation into your personal research routine.”