“European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) offers researchers, innovators, companies and the general public a federated and open multi-disciplinary environment. Using the e-infrastructure of this environment, users can publish, search and reuse data-sets, various tools and services for research, innovation and education. Data and related services in EOSC are established on FAIR principles.
In this presentation, we will give a short introduction to EOSC and show the process by which the providers – organizations like universities – of services can register themselves and then onboard their respective services. Some of the examples of such services will be shown. We will also present the benefits that the users of the EOSC gain by using the tools and e-infrastructure of the EOSC….”
“In the area of research infrastructures, the Swedish presidency proposed that ministers focus on the issue of data-driven research infrastructures as a basis for enabling and facilitating both the research process and the transfer into practice of the knowledge generated. In addition to the necessary investment in data capacity, the challenge is to create a system where research data can be found, accessed, reused and made interoperable between different systems, the so-called Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR) principle. Coordination between EU Member States, the European Commission and stakeholders in this area is mainly through the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) and the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).
Among the framework conditions to be achieved for the realisation of open science, the most frequently mentioned by EU Member States were:
reforming the system of research assessment to foster a research culture of open science;
creating incentives for data sharing;
integrating research infrastructures, including data infrastructures, into the European Open Science Cloud and coordinating EU Member States through the Cloud;
training researchers to implement the FAIR principle in their work;
developing appropriate data management plans as well as a framework (indicators) to monitor success in achieving these objectives….”
“SciLake is a Horizon Europe project that aims to introduce and establish the concept of the scientific lake, a research ecosystem where scientific knowledge is contextualised, connected, interoperable, and accessible overcoming challenges related to the heterogeneity and large interconnectivity of the underlying data….”
The real value of open data for the research community is not to access them, but to process them as conveniently as possible in order to reduce time-to-result and increase productivity. RAISE project will provide the infrastructure for a distributed crowdsourced data processing system, moving from open data to open access data for processing.
“This event is part of a series of “Ask Me Anything”-style events featuring keynote speakers from the RDA, and EOSC groups focused on RDA activities and EOSC solutions in relation to FAIR implementation and Open practices in Science.”
“From January 2023, the University of Coimbra will be involved in another Open Science project: the CRAFT-OA project (“Creating a Robust Accessible Federated Technology for Open Access”) involves 23 partners in 14 European countries and will last for 36 months. The project is funded under the Horizon Europe framework programme, aiming to evolve and strengthen the institutional publishing landscape of Diamond Open Access (Diamond OA): no fees for authors or readers.
By offering tangible services and tools for the entire journal publishing lifecycle, CRAFT-OA will empower local and regional platforms and service providers to extend, professionalise and achieve greater interoperability with other scientific information systems for content and platforms. These developments will help researchers and publishers involved in publishing.
The project focuses on four action strands to improve the Diamond OA model:
(1) Providing technical improvements for journal platforms and journal software.
(2) Building communities of practice to promote overall infrastructure improvement
(3) Increase the visibility, discoverability and recognition of Diamond OA publishing
(4) Integrate Diamond OA publishing with the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) and other large-scale data aggregators….”
“This call invites applications from research groups, including the RDA groups, to demonstrate how RDA-developed data sharing concepts and solutions can be reused, optimised and implemented in the EOSC context, particularly in the context of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) Portal Catalogue and Marketplace. EOSC is building a federated infrastructure to support Europe’s data output and works to enable the discovery and re-use of FAIR research data. In this context RDA plays a key role to underpin new and existing pathways to sharing research data. Many specifications already exist in RDA for data sharing and these can be refined and further developed via this call.
A wide range of activities – including promotional, analysis and technical documentation activities – can be funded through this call (described in more detail in section “What types of activities can be funded?”)
RDA provides an open forum where solutions are discussed and experiences are shared via its global community. EOSC is a new concept for many research communities and work still needs to be done to understand and enable data sharing and re-use across the research lifecycle, by making content FAIR and discoverable via a federated system such as EOSC. RDA is running a series of calls, as part of the EOSC Future project, to further enable integration and take up of EOSC services. The purpose of these RDA Open Calls is to engage the data sharing community from a bottom up approach to contribute their know-how to EOSC. This call specifically targets small projects to show implementation and take-up of existing outputs and specifications, specifically those that the RDA community has enabled. The call aims to support and encourage adoption of existing RDA outputs and recommendations which can benefit the community around EOSC and to promote new examples and lessons learnt. See a list of currently funded RDA/EOSC Future Open Call projects here….”
Abstract: The EOSC Steering Board expert group (EOSC-SB) has initiated in 2022 a reflection on the main disruptive concepts and practices connected to the construction and future operation of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). The EOSC ambition is to provide European researchers, innovators, companies, and citizens with a federated and open, cross-border and multi-disciplinary data space (or data commons) where they can publish, find, and reuse data, tools and services for research, innovation, and educational purposes. EOSC is not a single monolithic organisation or resource provider. Instead, it is developed as a federation (system of systems) with involvement of many independent organisations and resource providers implementing the FAIR principles and adopting clear rules and quality standards. As such, EOSC shall ensure independence and autonomy of the participating resource providers. The uptake of EOSC by European scientists, researchers, innovators, and companies requires transformative practices in several domains: from FAIR-by-design data collection technologies to FAIR data and service exploitation skills. Such transformative practices in EOSC also represent strong cross-cutting assets for the nine new, emerging sectoral data spaces of the European strategy for data. They contribute to the articulation of EOSC with these data spaces. Specific issues were chosen and elaborated in 2022 by the Steering Board based on the perceived urgency/priority in the EOSC context. These issues are addressed individually in “Opinion Papers” elaborated by the EOSC Steering Board and communicated to the EOSC Tripartite Governance to become a living reference for the definition of EOSC policies at European, national, and institutional levels.
“The Competitiveness Council of November 2021 placed the development of Open Science and the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) as part of the European Research Area (ERA) Policy Agenda for 2022–2024. For the ERA priority on deepening a truly functioning internal market for knowledge the first policy action is to ‘enable the open sharing of knowledge and reuse of research outputs, including through the development of the EOSC’.”
The project “Creating a Robust Accessible Federated Technology for Open Access” (CRAFT-OA), carried out by 23 experienced partners from 14 European countries, coordinated by the University of Göttingen, Germany will start in January 2023 and run for 36 months. Funded within the Horizon Europe Framework Programme (HORIZON Europe), the project aims to equally evolve and strengthen the Diamond Open Access (Diamond OA, no fees towards authors or readers) institutional publishing landscape. By offering tangible services and tools for the entire life cycle of journal publishing CRAFT OA empowers local and regional platforms and service providers to upscale, professionalise and reach stronger interoperability with other scientific information systems for content and platforms. These developments will help researchers and editors involved in publishing.
The project focuses on four strands of action to improve the Diamond OA model: (1) Provide technical improvements for journal platforms and journal software (2) Build communities of practice to foster overall infrastructure improvement (3) Increase visibility, discoverability and recognition for Diamond OA publishing (4) Integrate Diamond OA publishing with the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) and other large-scale data aggregators. Consortium partners in CRAFT-OA bring their long-standing engagement in institutional publishing and infrastructure and are committed to sustaining and developing capacities in the field. CRAFT-OA will deliver technical tools, training events, training materials, information, and services for the Diamond OA institutional publishing environment. It will foster communities of practice with the capacity to sustain the project improvements over time.
Margo Bargheer, CRAFT-OA Coordinator, University of Göttingen:
There are countless engaged open access journals out there, making a point to offer Diamond Open Access options to their communities. With our project, they will benefit from shared developments and shared services, but most of all from shared knowledge around professional institutional publishing and stronger networks to reach resilience within their own operation.
EU-Projects support scholarly publishing
CRAFT-OA is linked with other European projects supporting Diamond Open Access, especially the 3-years DIAMAS project (Developing Institutional Open Access Publishing Models to Advance Scholarly Communication). As CRAFT-OA mainly supports Diamond Open Access publishing by providing a technology update, the DIAMAS project supports Diamond Open Access on a non-technical level by building up a capacity centre and a community. The PALOMERA project (Policy Alignment of Open Access Monographs in the European Research Area) investigates institutional scholarly communication as well. Still, it concentrates on contrary to journals on books and especially policies for books. It launches in January 2023 and will run for two years.
Consortium and skills
CRAFT-OA’s 23 consortium partners from 14 European countries are all engaged in institutional publishing and infrastructure, and committed to sustaining and developing capacities in the field. A wide variety of skills and expertise is represented via the consortium partners participating in the project:
“The EOSC Association (EOSC-A) General Assembly met for the 5th time last week in an online meeting of more than 200 delegates, observers and guests. The lunch-to-lunch meeting was held 28-29 November. Day one was dedicated to procedural matters, including the election of the Association’s president and two board directors, while day two featured two interactive breakout sessions, one dedicated to each of the 13 EOSC-A Task Forces and the second to showcasing use cases from the EOSC Partnership’s Additional Activities Plan (AAP)….”
“The European research and innovation ecosystem is going through a period of profound change. Researchers, organisations that fund or perform research, and policy makers are reshaping the research process and its outputs, based on the opportunities offered by the digital transition. The findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability (FAIRness) of research publications, data, and software in the digital space will define research and innovation going forward. Closely related, the transition to an open research process and Open Access of its outputs is becoming an integral part of a well-functioning research system. The European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) is advancing the federation of research infrastructures in Europe for fair access to data.”
“EOSC Future is organizing a four-day online course for trainers to enhance their understanding of the EOSC (European Open Science Cloud). Milica Ševkuši?, Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA (the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts), and Iryna Kuchma, EIFL Open Access Programme Manager will facilitate the course together with the EOSC Future project partners.
Participants will also get insights into how to integrate the coursework into their own EOSC training activities. …”
“Scientific Knowledge Graphs provide the means for a structured representation of information and thus facilitate Open Science by connecting scholarly artefacts. The represented information range from research artefacts (e.g. publications, data, software, samples, instruments) and items of their content, research organisations, researchers, services, projects, funders and more. Currently Knowledge Graphs are implemented as Research Infrastructures addressing, each of them comprises information from various sources, connecting and enriching these information. The federation of Knowledge Graphs would provide various benefits serving the development of an integrated RI ecosystem.”
“The Horizon Europe project FAIRCORE4EOSC is going to work with domain-specific case studies and the wider Open Science community to develop and realise nine new components for the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).
Leveraging existing technologies and services, these new EOSC-Core components will improve the discoverability and interoperability of an increased amount of research outputs, contributing to the long-term vision of a Web of FAIR Data.
In this first official webinar, we are going to explore the overall objectives of the project, its technical framework, and host a panel with experts from different actors of the Open Science landscape, to discuss the potential impact and the key challenges ahead….”