Abstract: Citation metrics have value because they aim to make scientific assessment a level playing field, but urgent transparency-based adjustments are necessary to ensure that measurements yield the most accurate picture of impact and excellence. One problematic area is the handling of self-citations, which are either excluded or inappropriately accounted for when using bibliometric indicators for research evaluation. In this talk, in favour of openly tracking self-citations, I report on a study of self-referencing behaviour among various academic disciplines as captured by the curated bibliometric database Web of Science. Specifically, I examine the behaviour of thousands of authors grouped into 15 subject areas like Biology, Chemistry, Science and Technology, Engineering, and Physics. In this talk, I focus on the methodological set-up of the study and discuss data science related problems like author name disambiguation and bibliometric indicator modelling. This talk bases on the following publication: Kacem, A., Flatt, J. W., & Mayr, P. (2020). Tracking self-citations in academic publishing. Scientometrics, 123(2), 1157–1165. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03413-9
A collection of articles.
“In an information and knowledge society, access to information and knowledge is a basic human right, making equitable and fair access to information and knowledge paramount. Open Access (OA) plays a huge role in addressing inequities as well as broad-based and inclusive scientific progress. On the surface, the number of publications discussing OA issues from various angles are on the rise. However, what is missing is a comprehensive assessment of the extent of OA implementation and a discussion of how to proceed in integrating OA issues from various perspectives.
The Handbook of Research on the Global View of Open Access and Scholarly Communications articulates OA concepts and issues while demystifying the state-of-the-art knowledge domain in the areas of OA and scholarly communications from diverse perspectives as well as implications for the information and knowledge society. Covering topics such as ethics, copyright challenges, and open access initiatives, this book is a dynamic resource for publishers, librarians, higher education administrators, policymakers, students and educators of higher education, researchers, and academicians….”
“Abstract: Recently, several collaborators and I submitted a chapter proposal in response to a call for submission to a volume on critical infrastructure studies and digital humanities. The editors did not accept our proposal. They cited the high number of submissions and the “word limit” specified by the university press contracted for the volume as the reason. In this talk, I like to reflect on how networked possibilities (the multimodal forms of scholarly artifacts and modes of engagements) are still being dictated by the properties of print and it’s associated academic capital. In the meantime, much of the critical infrastructures necessary for networked open scholarship are increasingly being designed and controlled by a small handful of multinational corporate publishers turned data analytics cartel. The creation of end-to-end knowledge production and evaluation platform and its inscribed logic of data extraction has enormous implications for our aspirations for open scholarship, particularly for early career scholars. We may still be focused on infrastructures as the object of study, but we should be more concerned with how infrastructures govern our labour and scholarly practices and, above all, our autonomy. The talk will provide suggestions on how best to design community governance over infrastructure, instead of being governed by infrastructures not by our design.”
In order to gain greater insight into the state of library-publisher relations today, we asked Executive Director of AUPresses, Peter Berkery, and Executive Director of the Association of Research Libraries, Mary Lee Kennedy, to share their thoughts about how relations between the two communities have changed. Their answers ultimately reveal more similarities than differences. They note current sites of collaborations (particularly around open access) and common areas of tension (around financial sustainability). While there has been a refiguring of what publishing means, both groups have a heightened dedication to a just and equitable scholarly environment. We hope these interviews can continue the dialogue that librarians and publishers are having across and within our communities.
“[Q:] Can you talk about the divide between Scholarly Comms Librarians and Collections Librarians and how this might be bridged?
[A:] Libraries have traditionally placed their scholarly communications and collections work in distinct organizational silos. This has meant, in many cases, that the values that inform a library’s work in scholarly communications do not actually inform the work done in collections. This is an issue of values alignment. If we care about information equity, privacy, and intellectual freedom with our scholarly communications work, then we should also care about these things with our collections work. At Iowa State, we have just adopted a new collection and open strategies policy that centers our library’s values in our collection work. We have also integrated our scholarly communications efforts with our collections efforts to eliminate organizational barriers.
It is not uncommon for US research libraries to spend close to half of their operating budget on collections and acquisitions. Aligning our scholarly communications work and values with collections helps a library to shift this spending from traditional collection procurement to open investing, which will help incentivize and support the transition to a more equitable scholarly publishing system. I believe these types of changes are becoming more common in US libraries….”
Summary: “In 2019, Sacramento State University and San Jose State University were awarded an IMLS National Forum grant to assess scholarly communication programs at M1 Carnegie classified public institutions. With new technologies and paradigms for creating and sharing work, scholars across all fields have seen changes in research output, dissemination and preservation of the scholarly record, emergent publishing models, and the measurement of scholarly impact. Libraries have broadly defined their efforts to address these concerns as “scholarly communication” services. During the past two decades, academic libraries have begun to further invest in scholarly communication through the allocation of staffing and resources and even establishing institutional repositories. However, quantifying the actual outcome or impact of these scholarly communication activities remains elusive, beyond output measures such as simple counts of consultations, workshop attendance, or by repository downloads or growth. This grant, the “Scholarly Communication Assessment Forum,” or “SCAF”, investigated best practices and made recommendations for better tracking academic libraries’ engagement in supporting the research lifecycle.”
In the midst of the most widely used subscription-based publishing model, open access publishing is gaining a foothold in the publishing world. India, as one of the world’s leading producers of scientific information, has seen a considerable escalation in the production of open access knowledge content, which has sparked a scholarly debate towards the availability and accessibility of scholarly knowledge to all. Despite the fact that two major science funding agencies of India, the Department of Science and Technology and Department of Biotechnology, adopted an open access policy in 2014 to promote green open access to articles produced from publicly financed research projects, academic content still remains out of reach for everyone due to inadequate planning and implementation. Recently the Government of India has proposed a “one nation, one subscription” (ONOS) policy to make scholarly knowledge more accessible to Indian citizens. The study’s primary goal is to look into the open-access situation across many subject groups in India and globally. The aim is to understand whether a blanket subscription policy is the best way to facilitate the accessibility of scholarly knowledge or if subject-specific needs implications of other global OA initiatives are worth considering when implementing the ONOS policy.
Changes in modes of publication over recent decades and moves to publish material freely and openly have resulted in increased amounts of research and scholarly outputs being available online. These include teaching and other material but consist mostly of research publications. There have been significant UK and European initiatives as part of the Open Agenda that facilitate and indeed mandate the move to open whether that is for educational materials, research output and data, or the mechanisms for ensuring the quality of these materials. A significant issue is that although making research outputs freely available is praiseworthy, without the data on which that research is based, reproducibility and so verification, which are fundamental principles of scholarly methodology, are not possible. When discrete datasets are linked openly and freely, are able to interact by using common standards, they become more powerful with extended possibilities for research questions that cross disciplinary divides and knowledge domains. There are always objections and resistance to new innovations, and open publication is no exception; published research, nevertheless, indicates that publishing material openly is becoming considered to be “good research practice” and that the positives of “new collaborations and higher citation” outweigh any perceived negative effects.
“The Kathryn A. Martin Library at University of Minnesota Duluth is hiring a Scholarly Communications Librarian. This is a 12 month, full-time position. The application deadline is May 9, 2022.
The Scholarly Communications Librarian provides leadership, direction, consultation, and outreach in the areas of copyright, digital scholarship, publishing, and research data management, both within the library and on campus. This person provides oversight of Digital Services, including the institutional repository and library publishing. The person in this position participates in Research & Learning Team meetings, activities, and projects; serves on teams and groups working on library-wide initiatives; and contributes to the library profession and/or campus….”
The Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics (SCOAP3) program—the world’s largest disciplinary open access initiative—has been formally extended by two years, until December 31st, 2024.
The OAPEN Foundation is looking for a project manager to help us with promoting and supporting the transition to open access for academic books.
The project manager will be involved in the various international projects OAPEN participates in to advance open access for books, delivering on the project activities of the foundation. Next to this, the project manager will perform tasks related to the technical operation of its three platforms and services. Finally, the project manager will assist with the financial administration of the foundation.
“Reporting to the Head of Scholarly Communication Services, the Copyright and Scholarly Communication Librarian supports faculty, students, and staff with services and outreach related to Washington University Libraries’ scholarly communication program, including support for copyright, open access,and other rights issues that connect to teaching, research, and library services. The incumbent contributes to the development, implementation, and sustained delivery of scholarly communication services, resources,and engagement initiatives in the Libraries, with a focus on providing copyright information and education to WashU constituents, and supporting diverse formats of scholarly output and infrastructures for research dissemination that promote accessibility and impact….”
“Reporting to and working with the Scholarly Communications Officer and Executive Director of Temple University Press, the Assistant Director, Open Publishing Initiatives and Scholarly Communications, provides vision, leadership and direction for strategic and operational planning for the Libraries’ open access digital scholarly publishing programs, the institutional repository (TUScholarShare), and the Open Access Publishing Fund, which together form the Center for Scholarly Communication and Open Publishing. Supervises the Library Publishing and Scholarly Communications staff. Serves as the Editor-in-Chief of North Broad Press, a joint Press/Libraries imprint for open educational resources, and oversees all North Broad Press activities, including acquisitions, editorial, production, and marketing. Consults with Temple University Press on openly available digital publishing projects, advises Press staff and scholarly authors on the development and implementation of the same. Manages the Libraries’ open access journal publishing service, working closely with faculty, student journal managers and editors. Actively seeks out new journals from the Temple community. Oversees ongoing development and expansion of the Libraries’ institutional repository, TUScholarShare, in order to help make Temple scholarship freely available online to a global audience. Leads outreach efforts on behalf of the Libraries to faculty in support of scholarly publication innovations and reforms. Acts as a campus resource on open access publishing, and collaborates across campus to further open access initiatives. Strategically plans scholarly programming and events around these topics, in collaboration with other groups such as the Office of Research, the Center for the Advancement of Teaching (CAT), and the Center for the Humanities at Temple (CHAT). Participates in local, regional, and national initiatives related to library publishing, scholarly communications, and open access, in order to support the success of the Libraries’ open publishing services. Performs related duties as assigned….”
“WVU Health Sciences Library seeks applications for a Health Sciences Scholarly Communications Librarian to serve as an authoritative source on scholarly communications issues in the health sciences. The librarian will also build and maintain strong collaborative working relationships in assigned disciplines including the School of Dentistry and several departments within the School of Medicine. Additionally, the librarian will provide research support, teach information literacy, as well as plan and implement library services and initiatives.
Provide instruction and specialized research consultations dealing with scholarly communications including scholarly publishing, open access, open science, predatory publishing, research impact, and copyright….”