The NIST OA policy, arising from the 2013 directive from the Obama OSTP.
“Today, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) launched a joint effort to support the development of search engines for research that will help in the fight against COVID-19. The project was developed in response to the March 16 White House Call to Action to the Tech Community on New Machine Readable COVID-19 Dataset….”
“NIST is committed to the idea that results of federally funded research are a valuable national resource and a strategic asset. To the extent feasible and consistent with law, agency mission, resource constraints, and U.S. national, homeland, and economic security, NIST will promote the deposit of scientific data arising from unclassified research and programs, funded wholly or in part by NIST, except for Standard Reference Data, free of charge in publicly accessible databases. Subject to the same conditions and constraints listed above, NIST also intends to make freely available to the public, in publicly accessible repositories, all peer-reviewed scholarly publications arising from unclassified research and programs funded wholly or in part by NIST.
NIST publications can be located through the NIST website. Peer-reviewed papers are deposited in PMC. NIST Technical Series and publications that are not peer reviewed are available through govinfo. Papers can also be located through science.gov along with other government papers. NIST data can be located through the Science Data Portal on the NIST website and through data.gov, along with other government data. Links to repositories containing NIST code, data, and publications are provided to the right.
NIST has established an embargo period of no more than 12 months post-publication for making peer-reviewed publications freely available through NIST’s repository on PMC. Stakeholders may petition NIST’s Open Access Officer to change the embargo period in the following year for publications in a specified scientific field. A petition must demonstrate that the existing embargo period for certain fields of scientific research does not provide a public benefit and is inconsistent with the objectives articulated in the OSTP Memo. When considering changes to the embargo period, NIST will consult with other agencies that fund related areas of scientific research.”
“PAPS requires covered federal agencies to develop public-access policies (Section 2.a). There are four covered agencies: the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the National Weather Service….”