“Debates are taking place globally as to what role platforms should take with regards to the content they offer or host. In the EU, a first step to regulate this environment was taken with the 2019 EU Digital Single Market Directive (“DSM”). This new piece of legislation and specifically Article 17, presents an opportunity for platforms and the publishing industry to work together to enable the appropriate use of protected content and to ensure an improved experience for platform users.
Article 17 confirms platforms are liable for the content they host unless they receive authorization from the publisher. This could be, for instance through a license or by ensuring the unavailability of protected works. Meanwhile, publishers are obliged to make available “the necessary and relevant information”.
In 2019 STM assembled a working group to develop the necessary technical processes to implement these new obligations, in order to enable platforms to swiftly identify the content and respective policies to make sharing decisions in real-time using technology. These technical processes are described in the Article Sharing Framework, which enables the simple and seamless sharing of content in manners that are consistent with publisher policies….”
“In the European Union, an initiative to address this issue was finalized in a 2019 change to the EU Copyright Directive, the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (official text here). That new law took effect in June 2019 and must be translated into national law by EU Member States by June 2021. SCNs — some of which qualify as Online Content Sharing Service Providers, or OCSSPs as they are referred to in the Directive — fall within the scope of the new rules and, thus, are required to follow certain steps and obligations if they want to preserve the possibility avoiding liability for copyright infringement under the Directive. In particular, OCSSPs have to make “best efforts to ensure the unavailability” of protected works for which rightsholders have provided “relevant and necessary information”. In other words, in order for platforms to meet their obligation, publishers themselves have an obligation to give information, regarding rights and permissions of content sharing, in a method that can be feasibly leveraged at scale by SCNs….
In order to address this challenge, a team under the STM Association’s, STEC Committee, developed the Article Sharing Framework. The Framework gives scholarly publishers a mechanism to provide SCNs — in machine-actionable form — information about an article’s PDF’s identity and the respective publisher’s sharing policies. This enables SCNs to use the information to determine in an automated way, and in real-time, whether the publisher’s content may be shared….”
“STM undertook a community-wide consultation to gain a better understanding of the current landscape of article sharing through scholarly collaboration network sites. As part of this consultation STM produced a draft set of ‘voluntary principles’ and invited all interested stakeholders to provide feedback and share their views. Fifty submissions were received during the consultation period, and a summary report and full details of all the submissions are both now available. Based on the consultation feedback received, the SCN working group has now revised the voluntary principles.”
• Publishers have a core commitment to facilitate the dissemination and discovery of their authors’ scholarly articles.
Sharing should be allowed within research collaboration groups, namely groups of scholars or researchers invited to participate in specific research collaborations. Such groups would:
be of the size that is typical for research groups of that discipline
only share articles within and for the purposes of the group
allow article sharing between subscribers and non-subscribers within the group
include commercial researchers, subject to publisher policy or appropriate licensing
include members of the wider public participating for the purposes of the group
• Publishers and libraries should be able to measure the amount and type of sharing, using standards such as COUNTER, to better understand the habits of their readers and quantify the value of the services they provide.
• Initiatives to facilitate sharing should:
be based on standards to support the tools and platforms required by researchers
be open to all participants supporting these principles
integrate access and usage rights and data reporting into research workflows
ensure that usage and activity data is managed in a manner consistent with personal privacy and security laws and requirements
• Public posting of article metadata and open access articles in scholarly collaboration networks should be encouraged.
• Publisher policies on research collaboration group sharing and public posting of articles should be clear and easily discoverable, and we call on publishers to work toward this goal.”
“New product from Digital Science, a major corporate player, will make information about scholarly research life cycle available free to individual scientists.
Recent months have brought much agitation among academic researchers over the role of for-profit companies in the scholarly workflow. There is growing mistrust of how scholarly networking sites Academia.edu and ResearchGate are handling researchers’ data. And major companies such as Elsevier have expanded their footprint into all stages of the research process, raising questions over whether it is wise for researchers and institutions to become reliant on one company’s services amid fears of future fee hikes….”
“Scholarly collaboration networks (SCNs)/social sharing networks (SSNs) have been part of the scholarly communications landscape for several years now. While these networks are increasingly popular among the research community, as shown in this 2014 Nature survey, publishers – unsurprisingly – have some reservations, primarily around the sharing of research articles on these sites. But there’s no doubt that SCNs are here to stay; so, in hopes of finding a collaborative solution to the challenges and opportunities they present, the International Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers (STM) has recently issued a set of voluntary principles that aim to facilitate article sharing on SCNs. They’ve also launched a consultation about the draft principles – possibly the first time a publishing organization has done so. To find out more, I spoke to Fred Dylla, Executive Director and CEO of the American Institute of Physics and the project lead of the STM working group for this initiative….”
“The global community of librarians, researchers, publishers and scholarly collaboration networks (SCNs) needs to work in tandem to improve the article sharing experience. To this end, a working group of the International Association of STM Publishers has published — with community input — voluntary principles for article sharing on SCNs. As community ownership, endorsement and adoption is key to their success, we are asking for your participation….”
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“We would like to make sharing of subscription and licensed content simple and seamless for academic researchers so that it is consistent with access and usage rights associated with articles while enhancing collaboration. We believe publishers and scholarly collaboration networks can work together to facilitate sharing, which benefits researchers, institutions, and society as a whole, with a core set of principles that maximize this experience for all. Open Access publication provides one route to enable sharing but does not address sharing of subscription and licensed content. These voluntary principles are intended to address that gap, and be complementary to, not as a substitute for, Open Access publication or self-archiving. They are also not meant to address sharing by and between commercial organizations….Sharing should be allowed within research collaboration groups, namely groups of scholars or researchers invited to participate in specific research collaborations….”