“There are three specific issues that could be taken up by the G20:
Endorsement of cOAlition S: While initial efforts may have facilitated a shift towards a pay-to-publish model that does not work for most of the world, cOAlition S remains the most promising vehicle for reform and is actively exploring alternative models from emerging economies.
Championing equitable funding: There will be costs to infrastructure that is likely to be needed for research publishing reforms. This necessitates innovative and equitable funding mechanisms that ensure all researchers, irrespective of their geographical location or institutional affiliation, can publish their work Open Access.
Policy harmonization: G20 is a high-level political platform and may not be the right forum for negotiating comprehensive Open Access policies. But if the G20 nations were to endorse specific Open Access policy positions, it would provide direction for national and multilateral initiatives.
There is a window of opportunity. India, which holds the G20 presidency, is already lighting a path by putting research publishing on the agenda of several G20 engagement groups. These groups, particularly the Chief Scientific Advisers Roundtable, can seize the moment and harness the influence of the G20 to pursue effective, efficient, and equitable research publishing. They would do well to work with leaders from Brazil and South Africa, who will hold the presidency in 2024 and 2025 respectively, to ensure momentum for reform is sustained.
“Ahead of the 2023 G20 Summit in India, a new paper published by the Center for Global Development and INASP argues that the G20 is well placed to provide the leadership needed to ensure that research is a global public good.
Read more in our blog The Urgent Need to Reform Research Publishing: A Call to the G20 and our accompanying policy paper Research Publishing Is an Under-Recognised Global Challenge: Opportunities for the G20 to Act….”
“We acknowledge the importance of working together to synergise and align our open and public access policies and programs based on best practices in cognizance with the respective national legislations and policies. Such open and public access policies should uphold respect for universal human rights, the protection of national security, and principles and rules related to academic freedom, research integrity, privacy, and protection of intellectual property rights….
We recognize the importance of evolving approaches to providing immediate and free access to appropriate publicly funded research publications. We recommend establishing interoperability standards that would allow interlinking among various national as well as international repositories to expand access to publicly funded research outputs. We recommend that such policies should align with the FAIR principles….”
“The G20 scorecard presents an exceptional vantage point on the strengths and challenges of each G20 nation’s research ecosystem. By assessing key indicators such as research output, citations, collaboration networks and innovation potential, the scorecard offers invaluable insights into the changing patterns of worldwide scientific advancement.
Key findings in the 2023 G20 scorecard include: …
Brazil’s output in humanities is three times more likely than the G20 average to be published in an open access (OA) journal. Brazil’s emphasis on OA publication in the humanities sets it apart and may have implications for access to knowledge and the dissemination of research findings….
Canada boasts an above-average proportion of output in social sciences, medicine, humanities and arts, although OA output is below average in all categories. Canada’s diverse research output and below-average OA rates prompt discussions on access to research findings and collaboration patterns…
In the United Kingdom, in 2022 more than half of output was published in OA journals. Collaborative CNCI remains above the world average but has fallen during the last decade. The U.K.’s increasing OA output and evolving collaboration trends signal shifts in research dissemination and partnership strategies….”