The relationship between bioRxiv preprints, citations and altmetrics | Quantitative Science Studies | MIT Press Journals

Abstract:  A potential motivation for scientists to deposit their scientific work as preprints is to enhance its citation or social impact. In this study we assessed the citation and altmetric advantage of bioRxiv, a preprint server for the biological sciences. We retrieved metadata of all bioRxiv preprints deposited between November 2013 and December 2017, and matched them to articles that were subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. Citation data from Scopus and altmetric data from Altmetric.com were used to compare citation and online sharing behavior of bioRxiv preprints, their related journal articles, and nondeposited articles published in the same journals. We found that bioRxiv-deposited journal articles had sizably higher citation and altmetric counts compared to nondeposited articles. Regression analysis reveals that this advantage is not explained by multiple explanatory variables related to the articles’ publication venues and authorship. Further research will be required to establish whether such an effect is causal in nature. bioRxiv preprints themselves are being directly cited in journal articles, regardless of whether the preprint has subsequently been published in a journal. bioRxiv preprints are also shared widely on Twitter and in blogs, but remain relatively scarce in mainstream media and Wikipedia articles, in comparison to peer-reviewed journal articles.

 

 

University Libraries’ labor unions digitized collections project completed | Penn State University

“Following three years of digitization and preparation, Penn State University Libraries has made available a vast collection of archival materials documenting the 20th-century American working-class experience, including the largest and most significant record series within the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) archives….”

The costly prestige ranking of scholarly journals | Ravnetrykk

Abstract:  The prestige ranking of scholarly journals is costly to science and to society. Researchers’ payoff in terms of career progress is determined largely from where they publish their findings, and less from the content of their scholarly work. This fact creates perverted incentives for the researchers. Valuable research time is spent in trying to satisfy reviewers and editors, rather than spending their time in the most productive direction. This in turn leads to unnecessary long time from research findings are made until they become public. This costly system is upheld by the scholarly community itself. Scholars supply the journals with time, serving as reviewers and editors without any paycheck asked, even though the bulk of scientific journals are published by big commercial enterprises enjoying super profit margins. The super profit results from expensive licensing deals with the scholarly institutions. The free labour offered, on top of the payment for the licensing deals, should be viewed as part of the payment to these publishers – a payment in kind. Why not use this as a negotiating chip towards the publishers? If a publisher asks more than acceptable for a licensing deal, rather than walk away with no deal, the scholarly institutions could pull out all the free labour offered by reviewers and editors.

 

A framework for thinking about the ‘new normal’ – Research Libraries UK

“The library community is one that prides itself on being open and collaborative. And so, as we move into the new normal, I hope that these instincts will come to the fore. But we should acknowledge that there are significant overheads to collaboration and cooperation. There may be long term benefits, but there are short term costs both directly and in staff time.  As budgets are squeezed in the short to medium term how can we ensure that collaboration continues?

 

Beyond the library community, there are a number of areas where alliances could be strengthened.  UK funders have placed a lot of emphasis on open research and the Covid crisis will be a promoter of that agenda – as researchers look to read preprints and papers beyond paywalls, as sequences and trials data are shared, as questions around epidemiology and the economics of reopening continue, the arguments for open research become stronger. The research library community is well placed to work with funders to support open research….”

University of Michigan Press extends free-to-read ebook access, announces flat pricing for 2021, and requests library investment – University of Michigan Press Blog

“University of Michigan Press (UMP) will extend free-to-read access to the University of Michigan Press Ebook Collection (UMP EBC) until the end of August 2020, strengthening its support of students, librarians, and faculty who need ebook access as they continue to transition to online learning and teaching. 

Additionally, in recognition of the budget constraints that many libraries now face as a result of COVID-19, UMP will also keep UMP EBC prices flat for the 2021 calendar year….”

DORA Community Call: Strategies for responsible research assessment in the Asia-Pacific region – DORA

“DORA is pleased to announce its first webinar for the Asia-Pacific region with the Australasian Open Access Strategy Group on Thursday, July 2 at 12:00 PM Australian Eastern Standard Time (10:00 AM China Standard Time). The webinar is open to all and will provide an update from DORA and offer ideas about strategies to implement responsible research assessment practices….”

The NIH claims joint ownership of Moderna’s coronavirus vaccine – Axios

“The National Institutes of Health may own intellectual property that undergirds a leading coronavirus vaccine being developed by Moderna, according to documents obtained by Axios and an analysis from Public Citizen.

Why it matters: Because the federal government has an actual stake in this vaccine, it could try to make the vaccine a free or low-cost public good with wide distribution, if the product turns out to be safe and effective.

The big picture: The NIH mostly funds outside research, but it also often invents basic scientific technologies that are later licensed out and incorporated into drugs that are sold at massive profits. The agency rarely claims ownership stakes or pursues patent rights, but that appears to be different with this coronavirus vaccine….”

Open Entomology: Tips and Tools for Better Reproducibility in Your Research

“Many tools are available to make our work more reproducible, and I outline several in more detail in my paper, “A Guide and Toolbox to Replicability and Open Science in Entomology,” published in May in the open-access Journal of Insect Science. The article is part of a special “Open Entomology” group of papers published in the journal. I cowrote it with my advisor, Brian Aukema, Ph.D., of the University of Minnesota because there does not seem to be much open science communication targeted at the entomology community.

Open science practices and tools exist to make it easier for other people to pick up our work and see how we did it, which has the side effect of being beneficial to us individually! There is a common adage uttered in many statistics courses that captures this sentiment: “Your most important collaborator is you 6 months from now, and past you doesn’t answer emails.” At the start of my graduate work, I can’t tell you how many times I had to spend a few hours reacquainting myself with old data or analyses. If I had been aware of the open science movement and all the tools and practices available to me, I could have saved myself many headaches. Below are a few ways you can save yourself a headache, while simultaneously making your work more open and reproducible….

 

More Impacts of the National Emergency Library – Internet Archive Blogs

“Following our previous post, we have continued to receive messages about the impact of the National Emergency Library before it closed last week. If you’d like to share your story of how you used the NEL, please leave a testimonial.

The following statements are condensed from testimonials sent to the Internet Archive:…”

Author Talk: Democratizing our Data by Julia Lane Tickets, Tue, Jun 30, 2020 at 12:30 PM | Eventbrite

“Just as Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Apple, and Facebook have led the world in the use of data for profit, the United States can show the world how to produce data for the public good. Lane calls for a more automated, transparent, and accountable framework for creating high-quality public data that would empower citizens and inspire the government that serves them….”

Virtual Event Awards

“We aim to improve access to open data science practices and tools and support communities in open data science to grow sustainably and inclusively. We will support these communities with grants for virtual events focused on improving or connecting research-driven data science tools, practices, and the communities themselves.  Proposals must demonstrate the educational and scientific purposes of the event (or series of events) and specifically how it advances Code for Science and Society’s goal to create inclusive knowledge-sharing spaces and support the development of diverse leaders. We aim to invest in both emerging or established events that demonstrate a commitment to making science inclusive and accessible. International applicants are welcome! Applicants are encouraged to make use of resources that provide information on and support for best practices in conference planning….”

2,500 rare texts from Islamic world to go online for free | Books | The Guardian

“More than 2,500 rare manuscripts and books from the Islamic world covering a period of more than a thousand years are to be made freely available online.

The National Library of Israel (NLI) in Jerusalem is digitising its world-class collection of items in Arabic, Persian, and Turkish, dating from the ninth to the 20th centuries, including spectacularly beautiful Qur’ans and literary works decorated with gold leaf and lapis lazuli….”

EFF and Durie Tangri Join Forces to Defend Internet Archive’s Digital Library

“The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is joining forces with the law firm of Durie Tangri to defend the Internet Archive against a lawsuit that threatens their Controlled Digital Lending (CDL) program, which helps people all over the world check out digital copies of books owned by the Archive and its partner libraries….”

 

UCL COVID-19 Collection—An interactive showcase of COVID-19 related research from the University College London – ScienceOpen Blog

“Our most recent COVID-19 Collection has been created with the University College London library where we have made a collection indexing all UCL research related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This collection is automatically updated by pulling in records from the institutional repository UCL Discovery and affiliation metadata from records aggregated by the ScienceOpen platform. The automated setup easily manages the stream of new COVID-19 material being published and opens it up for exploration and interaction. In just the last week, there were 35 new publications added to the collection. Additional benefits of having all of the UCL published research relating to COVID-19 in one place is that it gives users easy and flexible tools for search and discovery such as changing the sort order from number of citations, AltmetricTM score or date. Users searching the contents of the collection, can narrow the number of articles in the collection by specific journals, publishers, or overlapping collections on the ScienceOpen platform. Thus, a user would be able to see publications that also appear in the Wiley: Novel Coronavirus COVID-19 and or in the UCL Press special issue Special series on COVID-19 interactions with our Environment collections.  This encourages users to browse the content and supports easy discovery of related research. Follow the UCL COVID-19 Collection for updates on new content or interactions! …”

OA agreement – Cambridge

“The University of Cambridge has made an agreement with Cambridge University Press to support Open Access publishing in Cambridge journals. The agreement also includes access to the most recent Full Journals Collection.

This Read and Publish agreement covers the Article Processing Charges (APCs) for corresponding authors affiliated with the University of Cambridge in fully Open Access journals and subscription-based journals that offer hybrid Open Access. The agreement for unlimited Open Access publishing started on 1 January 2020. Articles submitted by eligible corresponding authors qualify for Open Access publishing under this agreement upon the date the article is accepted for publication, from or after 1 January 2020 through to 31 December 2020….”