How to Make the University of California OA Mandate Work

Aside from the default copyright-reservation mandate with opt-out, always add an immediate-deposit clause without opt-out.

The deposit need not be immediately made OA, but it needs to be deposited in the institutional repository immediately upon acceptance for publication. While access to the deposit is embargoed, the repository can implement the eprint-request Button with which users can request and authors can provide the eprint with one keystroke each.

Deposit should always be done directly by the author (or the author’s personal designee: student, research assistant or secretary). It is a big mistake to “submit” the paper instead to the provost’s office. At other universities with this style of mandate the provost’s office has sat on papers for years instead of depositing them; this is even worse than publication lag or publishers’ OA embargoes.

If deposit is instead left to the provost’s office, immediate-deposit will not become the natural milestone in the author’s research cycle that it needs to become, in order to ensure that the deposit is done at all: The dated acceptance letter from the journal is sent to the author. That sets the date of immediate-deposit and also determines which version is the final, refereed accepted one. The publication date is uncertain and could be as much as a year or more after acceptance.

Mandate deposit immediately upon acceptance for publication, but otherwise, having mandated the N-1 of the author keystrokes required for deposit, in case of embargo, leave the Nth keystroke to the author, in responding to Button-mediated eprint requests.

Put all administrative efforts instead into monitoring mandate compliance — by systematically collecting the dated acceptance letters instead of the papers themselves, and ensuring that the repository deposit-date is within a few days or weeks of the acceptance date.

See also:

1st-Party Give-Aways Vs. 3rd-Party Rip-Offs
and
Almost-OA: “Frictional Access”