Langley Automated Sensor Inter-calibration System (LASICS): Open Access Tools for Satellite Imager Inter- Calibration

Abstract:  Satellite imager calibration teams are tasked with maintaining stable measurement records to facilitate reliable monitoring of geophysical parameters and ensure dependable input for forecast models. Satellite imagers are neither uniformly calibrated nor radiometrically scaled to a common reference standard. Consistent inter-calibration between various earth-orbiting satellite imager pairs is a critical step in the creation of seamless earth-scene reflectance data records over time for input to higher level algorithms that retrieve earth system climate-sensitive properties. Each imager inherently by virtue of its optics (and associated properties like spectral response etc.) and orbit will have a unique measurement of the same earth-scene reflected signal. A key part of this is the computationally efficient and optimal identification and prediction of science opportunities where the imager pairs from the irrespective earth-orbits near-simultaneously view the same stable terrestrial targets with nearly identical viewing and solar geometry.